North Shore (New Zealand electorate)

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North Shore electorate boundaries used since the 1996 election

North Shore is a parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. The MP for North Shore is Maggie Barry of the National Party.

Population centres[edit]

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including North Shore.[1]

The boundaries of the North Shore electorate were last adjusted for the first election held using the mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system in 1996, when the number of general electorates decreased from 95 (1993) to 60 (1996), and the electorate expanded to the north into an area previously belonging to East Coast Bays. No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002,[2] 2007,[3] and 2013/14.[4]

North Shore stretches up the eastern coast of North Shore City in Auckland, starting in the south at Devonport and moving northwards to take in Lake Pupuke and the suburbs of Takapuna, Westlake and Campbells Bay. North Shore is predominately New Zealand European, and has an average income high above the national average, boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country.

History[edit]

The seat has been contested at every election in New Zealand since 1946, and notwithstanding a single victory by future Attorney-General Martyn Finlay in its first contest, has been safely held by the National Party ever since.

Wayne Mapp held the electorate from 1996 until his retirement in 2011.[5] He was succeeded by Maggie Barry, who won the 2011 and 2014 elections.[6][7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

 Labour    National    United NZ    NZ First    Mauri Pacific    ACT  

Election Winner
1946 election Martyn Finlay
1949 election 1951 election 1954 election 1957 election 1960 election 1963 election Dean Eyre
1966 election 1969 election 1972 election 1975 election 1978 election 1981 election 1984 election 1987 election George Gair
1990 election Bruce Cliffe
1993 election
1996 election Wayne Mapp
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Maggie Barry
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the North Shore electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Ann Batten
Derek Quigley
1999 election Helen Duncan
2002 election Deborah Coddington
Helen Duncan
Barbara Stewart
2008 election John Boscawen
Phil Twyford
2011 election Andrew Williams

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: North Shore[6]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Maggie Barry 22,709 62.44 +0.59 23,113 62.16 +4.10
Labour Ben Clark 7,481 20.57 -3.44 6,036 16.23 -5.17
Green Pieter Watson 2,802 7.70 +1.50 4,035 10.85 +4.24
ACT Don Brash 1,293 3.56 -0.41 714 1.92 -5.55
Conservative Craig Jensen 904 2.49 +2.49 829 2.23 +2.23
NZ First Andrew Williams 900 2.47 +0.89 1,806 4.86 +1.92
United Future Damien Light 173 0.48 -0.20 179 0.48 -0.46
Libertarianz Michael Murphy 108 0.30 +0.05 41 0.11 +0.03
Māori   223 0.60 +0.002
Legalise Cannabis   123 0.33 +0.07
Mana   62 0.17 +0.17
Democrats   12 0.03 +0.01
Alliance   8 0.02 -0.04
Informal votes 592 174
Total Valid votes 36,370 36,962
National hold Majority 15,228 41.87 +4.03

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 48,963[8]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: North Shore[9]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Wayne Mapp 23,824 61.85 22,738 58.06
Labour Phil Twyford 9,250 24.01 8,381 21.40
Green Pieter Watson 2,389 6.20 2,590 6.61
ACT John Boscawen 1,528 3.97 2,927 7.47
NZ First Joe Gregory 612 1.59 1,149 2.93
Family Party Louise Cleary 514 1.33 176 0.45
United Future Damian Light 261 0.68 370 0.94
Libertarianz Michael Murphy 94 0.24 33 0.08
RAM Stephen Cooper 47 0.12 13 0.03
Māori   234 0.60
Progressive   165 0.42
Bill and Ben   139 0.35
Legalise Cannabis   104 0.27
Kiwi   83 0.21
Alliance   24 0.06
Pacific   13 0.03
Workers Party   10 0.03
Democrats   9 0.02
RONZ   4 0.01
Informal votes 268 102
Total Valid votes 38,519 39,162
National hold Majority 14,574 37.84


2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: North Shore[10]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Wayne Mapp 21,975 59.56 +15.58 20,125 53.49 +26.06
Labour Phil Twyford 12,274 33.26 +4.16 11,252 29.91 -1.36
United Future Ross Tizard 865 2.34 -1.54 807 2.14 -4.81
ACT Nick Kearney 835 2.26 -6.55 1144 3.04 -11.09
Progressive Paula Gillon 544 1.47 +0.61 261 0.69 -0.36
Māori Raewyn Harrison 265 0.72 106 0.28
Libertarianz Michael Murphy 140 0.38 21 0.06
Green   1940 5.16 -1.28
NZ First   1683 4.47 -5.70
Destiny   120 0.32
Legalise Cannabis   55 0.15 -0.17
Christian Heritage   53 0.14 -0.70
One NZ   13 0.03 -0.02
99 MP   11 0.03
Alliance   10 0.03 -0.78
Direct Democracy   10 0.03
Family Rights   6 0.02
Democrats   5 0.01
RONZ   1 0.003
Informal votes 430 90
Total Valid votes 36,898 37,623
National hold Majority 9,701 26.30 +11.42

1996 election[edit]

General election 1996: North Shore[11][12][13]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Wayne Mapp 15,763 43.48 15,612 42.89
ACT Derek Quigley 5,415 14.94 5,015 13.78
Alliance Joel Cayford 4,897 13.51 2,125 5.84
Labour Perry Cameron 4,375 12.07 7,518 20.65
NZ First Ann Batten 4,165 11.49 3,547 9.74
Christian Coalition Julie Belding 780 2.15 1,181 3.24
Progressive Greens Cassandra Doherty 313 0.86 103 0.28
McGillicuddy Serious Felix Clark 263 0.73 87 0.24
Green Society Bradley Heising 109 0.30 50 0.14
Superannuitants & Youth Trevor Gilligan 88 0.24 41 0.11
Natural Law Gail Pianta 84 0.23 43 0.12
United NZ   476 1.31
Legalise Cannabis   456 1.25
Ethnic Minority Party 71 0.20
Animals First   50 0.14
Conservatives   11 0.03
Libertarianz   11 0.03
Asia Pacific United 4 0.01
Mana Māori   3 0.01
Advance New Zealand 0 0.00
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 225 73
Total Valid votes 36,252 36,404
National gain from Labour Majority 10,348 28.54

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ "Electorate Profile: North Shore" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. Parliamentary Library. October 2005. p. 3. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Willis, Liz (15 December 2010). "National MP Wayne Mapp to retire". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- North Shore". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Official Count Results -- North Shore". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  9. ^ 2008 election results
  10. ^ 2005 election results
  11. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - North Shore, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]