North Shore Bus Company
The North Shore Bus Company operated public buses in Queens, New York City. It was established in 1920 as the successor to the New York and North Shore Traction Company trolley system, and operated until 1947 when it went bankrupt, and its operations were taken over by the New York City Transit Authority.
Pre-history: New York and North Shore Traction Company
The company was established in 1902 as a trolley company called the Mineola, Roslyn & Port Washington Traction Company, but as it grew into Queens it was renamed in 1907 as the "New York and North Shore Traction Company." It had a line from Flushing, Queens to Roslyn in Nassau County named the North Shore Line, as well as another from Flushing to Whitestone–14th Avenue Station on the Whitestone Branch of the Long Island Rail Road, better known as the Whitestone Line. Within Nassau County, it had lines from Port Washington to Mineola which was known as the Port Washington Line, and from Mineola to Hicksville, called the Hicksville Line.
The trolley cars on this system were considered to be the largest and most powerful on Long Island and in Queens. As powerful as they were however, they still had difficulty climbing the hills of such areas as Douglaston and Manhasset.
Transition to buses
By the late-1910s many trolley systems began to decline, but rather than collapse or sell themselves to other companies, the NY&NST replaced their trolley cars with buses, the majority of which operated in Queens. The economic impact of the Great Depression forced them to sell off many of their routes to other companies during the 1930s, most notably to the Triboro Coach Corporation, one of the last surviving private bus lines in New York City. In spite of this, they were still occasionally able to purchase routes from Bee Line, Incoroporated in Nassau County. But in 1947 the company went bankrupt after its drivers and other employees went on strike, and its operations were taken over by the New York City Transit Authority.
North Shore bus routes
- Q1: Jamaica – Hillside Avenue – short lines (from Bee Line)
- Q2: Jamaica – Hollis Avenue – Hempstead Avenue to Belmont Park (from Bee Line)
- Q3: Jamaica – Hollis – JFK airport via Farmers Blvd. (from Bee Line)
- Q3A: Jamaica (Parsons Blvd. & Hillside Av.) – St. Albans – Cambria Heights via Murdoch & 113 Av. (renumbered to Q83 by MTA Bus)
- Q4: Jamaica – Cambria Heights via Merrick & Linden Blvds. (from Bee Line)
- Q4A: Jamaica – Laurelton via Merrick Blvd. & 120 Ave. (renumbered to Q84 by MTA Bus) (from Bee Line)
- Q5: Jamaica – Rosedale & Green Acres Shopping Mall via Merrick Blvd. (from Bee Line)
- Q5A: Jamaica – Rosedale via Rochdale Village and Bedell Street. (renumbered to Q85 by MTA Bus)
- Q5AB: Jamaica – Locust Manor LIRR – Springfield Gardens (combined with Q5A and also renumbered to Q85 by MTA Bus) (from Bee Line)
- Q5AS: Laurelton – Rosedale Shuttle (renumbered to Q86 by MTA Bus, then eliminated due to low ridership)
- Q12: Flushing – Little Neck via Sanford Av. & Northern Blvd.
- Q12A: Little Neck LIRR Station – Floral Park via Little Neck Parkway (renumbered to Q79 by MTA Bus, then eliminated due to low ridership and reinstated as part of the extended Q36 in 2013) (1933)
- Q13: Flushing – Bayside – Fort Totten via Northern & Bell Blvds. (1933)
- Q14: Flushing – Whitestone (1933) (eliminated due to low ridership)
- Q15: Flushing – Whitestone – Beechhurst (1933)
- Q16: Flushing – Clearview – Fort Totten via Bayside Avenue, Francis Lewis & Willets Point Blvds. or Utopia Pkwy. (1933)
- Q17: Flushing – 188 Street & Jamaica
- Q17A: Jamaica – Little Neck via Utopia Pkwy & Horace Harding Blvd. (renumbered to Q30 by MTA Bus)
- Q23: 108th Street, Corona-Ditmars Avenue (before 1933); originally North Shore, transferred first to Kings Coach Company (1931??), then to Triboro Coach Corporation in 1936?
- Q26: Flushing – Auburndale via Hollis Court Blvd.
- Q27: Flushing – Rosewood – Queens Village & Cambria Heights via Springfield Blvd.
- Q28: Flushing – Bayside West (before 1933)
- Q31: Jamaica – Bayside West
- Q36: Jamaica – Floral Park via Hillside & Jamaica Avenues.
- Q42: Jamaica – Addisleigh Park via Sayres Av.
- Q43: Jamaica LIRR Station – Hillside Av. to City Line.
- Q44: Jamaica – Bronx.
- Q44A: Union Turnpike – Kew Gardens – Lake Success & Glen Oaks (renumbered to Q46 by MTA Bus)
- Q44B: Malba Shuttle (eliminated due to low ridership)
- Q44FS: Flushing – College Point Shuttle (renumbered to Q20A & Q20B by MTA Bus, and extended to Jamaica)
- Q44VP: Union Turnpike – Kew Gardens & Vleigh Place Shuttle (renumbered to Q74 by MTA Bus, then eliminated due to low ridership)
- Q48: Flushing – LaGuardia Airport began operating April 5, 1940
- Meyers, Stephen L. (2006). Lost Trolleys of Queens and Long Island. Images of Rail. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 57–60. ISBN 0-7385-4526-0.
- New Bus Line to City Airport (New York Times; April 6, 1940)
- New York City Transit Routes in Queens (Chicago Transit & Railfan Web Site)
- North Shore Bus Company (Bus Talk U.S. Surface Transportation Galleries)