North Shropshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of North Shropshire in Shropshire.
Location of Shropshire within England.
|Electorate||77,673 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wem, Whitchurch, Ellesmere, Oswestry, and Market Drayton|
|Member of Parliament||Owen Paterson (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Established for the 1832 general election, North Shropshire has been continuously held by the Conservative Party for its entire existence.[n 4] However, the constituency was abolished in 1885 and re-created in 1983.
From its first creation in 1832 to the abolition of the first creation in 1885 it covered approximately half of the county and elected two members, formally Knights of the Shire. In 1885 the county was (together with South Shropshire) - divided between four constituencies: Ludlow, Newport, Oswestry and Wellington.
The Electoral Reform Society considers it to be historically the safest seat in the country. Taking into account the intermediary seats roughly covering its boundaries, the Society considers that the seat has been held continuously by the Conservative Party since 1835 - in political terms since the days of the Tamworth Manifesto and before Queen Victoria's accession to the throne. However the result of the 2001 election was more marginal than most Conservative seats and the 2010 election saw it just outside the top third of seats in percentage terms held by the Conservative Party, with the 103rd largest share of the vote for the party.
Owen Paterson was appointed to be the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in May 2010 and from the September 2012 Cabinet reshuffle, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which did not alter this constituency, for 2010 had a close to average electorate of 72,964 and population estimated at 100,400 (mid-2007) and containing the electoral wards:
- Baschurch; Clive and Myddle; Cockshutt; Dudeston Heath; Ellesmere and Wellshampton; Histock; Hodnet; Hordley, Tetchill and Lineal; Market Drayton: East, North, South; Prees, Shavington; Shawbury; Sutton; Wem: East, Rural, West; Whitchurch: North, Rural, South, West; Wixhill; Woore in North Shropshire
- Cabin Lane; Cambrian; Carreg Llwyd; Castle; Gatacre; Gobowen; Kinnerley; Llanyblodwel and Pant; Maserfield; Ruyton and West Felton; St Martin's; Sweeney and Trefonen; Weston Rhyn; Whittington in the Borough of Oswestry
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created in 1832
|Election||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|1832||Sir Rowland Hill, Bt||Tory||John Cotes||Whig|
|1843 by-election||Viscount Clive||Conservative|
|1848 by-election||John Whitehall Dod||Conservative|
|1857||Hon. Rowland Hill||Conservative|
|1865||Hon. Charles Cust||Conservative|
|1866 by-election||Hon. Adelbert Brownlow-Cust||Conservative|
|1867 by-election||Viscount Newport||Conservative|
|1876 by-election||Stanley Leighton||Conservative|
MPs since 1983
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: North Shropshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Croll||10,864||20.9||+1.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: North Shropshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Bourne||9,175||19.7||+6.9|
|General Election 2001: North Shropshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Ben Jephcott||5,945||12.8||-7.6|
|Independent (politician)||Russell Maxfield||389||0.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Shropshire North|
|Liberal Democrat||J Stevens||10,489||20.36|
|Referendum Party||D Allen||1,764||3.42|
|General Election 1992: Shropshire North|
|Liberal Democrat||HJ Stevens||16,232||25.3||−2.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Shropshire North|
|General Election 1983: Shropshire North|
|Independent For Referendum||JL Phillimore||135||0.25|
Notes and references
- (Historically also Shropshire North and The Northern Division of Shropshire)
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- From 1832 to 1835, during the period in which the constituency had two representatives in the House of Commons, one was a Whig (a precursor to the Liberal Democrats), and the other a Conservative (officially known as a Tory until 1834).
- "Safe seats", Electoral Reform Society
- General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
- "David Cameron's right turn in cabinet reshuffle". The Guardian. 4 September 2012.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- UK Polling Report
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 446–447. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.