||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2011)|
|Location||126 Causeway Street
Boston, MA 02114
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
Green Line "C" and "E" branch, Terminus for "D" line during non peak hours
|Platforms||6 island platforms (Commuter Rail and Amtrak; only 5 active)
2 side platforms and 1 island platform (Orange Line and Green Line)
|Tracks||12 (Commuter Rail and Amtrak; only 10 active)
2 (Orange Line)
2 (Green Line)
|Connections||MBTA Bus: 4|
|Parking||1275 spaces (privately owned garage)|
|Bicycle spaces||bike lockers, connection to Boston Harbor Walk and Charles River Dam|
|Station code||BON (Amtrak)|
|Opened||September 3, 1898 (Green Line surface, closed 1997)
June 1, 1912 (Green Line elevated, closed June 2004)
April 7, 1975 (Orange Line)
1995 (Commuter rail and Amtrak)
|Rebuilt||June 28, 2004 (Green Line)
|Passengers (2013 daily)||17,079 (MBTA subway)|
|Passengers (2013 daily)||28,325 (MBTA Commuter Rail)|
|Passengers (2013)||475,447 0.3% (Amtrak)|
North Station is a major transportation hub located at Causeway and Nashua Streets in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is one of the city's two terminals for Amtrak and MBTA commuter trains, the other being South Station. The main concourse of North Station is located at the street level, immediately below TD Garden, a major sports venue in Boston, and home of the Boston Bruins hockey team and the Boston Celtics basketball team. The indoor sports arena is also used for rock concerts and other events, taking advantage of the extensive transportation connections at the site.
North Station facilities include:
- Terminus for MBTA Commuter Rail northern routes and Amtrak's Downeaster service
- Station on the Boston subway's Orange Line and Green Line
- Local bus service
- Water taxi service at nearby Lovejoy Wharf
- Staffed ticket windows
- Small food court and waiting area
- Direct access to adjacent TD Garden for sporting and other events
- Parking garage (privately operated)
Several MBTA commuter rail lines, plus Amtrak's Northeast Corridor service to New York City, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and beyond, originate from South Station, about 1-1/4 miles around the Boston peninsula from North Station. No direct link exists between the two stations although MBTA subway connections are available. Transfers to Amtrak and the MBTA Commuter Rail's Providence/Stoughton, Needham, Franklin, and Framingham/Worcester Lines may also be made at Back Bay, a one seat ride on the Orange Line from North Station. Additionally, transfers from the Fitchburg Line to the South Station lines can be made at Porter, a one seat ride on the Red Line. A North-South Rail Link is proposed to link North and South Stations, but as of May 2006 the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has withdrawn its sponsorship of the proposal due to its high cost.
Before North Union Station opened on the spot in 1893, there were four separate stations in the area:
- The Boston and Maine Railroad terminal was just north of Haymarket Square, between Canal Street and Haverhill Street, stretching most of the way to Traverse Street. This approach was later used by the Green Line and Orange Line. The other three were all on the north side of Causeway Street, with the first two in the area where North Station is now.
- The Boston and Lowell Railroad terminal was on the east side of Nashua Street, stretching east for about a block.
- Next was the Eastern Railroad terminal, across Causeway Street from Friend Street.
- The Fitchburg Railroad station was on the other side of the Boston and Maine Railroad approach, right next to Beverly Street, the approach to the Warren Bridge.
Just south of North Station was the Canal Street Incline through which the Green Line and Orange Line originally went from elevated to subway. The original North Union Station was demolished in 1928 to make way for the Boston Garden, which included a new North Station as part of the design. This was in turn replaced by the FleetCenter (now the TD Garden) in 1995, which also necessitated a redesigned North Station.
In 1959, a bomb placed in a locker blew up the elevated Orange Line Station, killing one MTA worker. Operations were suspended the rest of the day, and the track was up and running the next day, contrary to what most people expected. Further bomb threats were phoned in, but no further bombs were found.
In November 2005, the MBTA completed construction of its "North Station Superstation" project, which placed the Green Line underground, offering inbound cross-platform transfers between the Green and Orange Lines. Outbound Green Line trains arrive on the mezzanine level, still within fare control. The project was done primarily to improve transfer between the two lines but also to tear down the old elevated North Station Green Line stop and the old Causeway Street Elevated structure.
In April 2006, the MBTA announced plans to enlarge the cramped waiting area in the aboveground portion of the station, by building over the south end of the tracks and platforms. The expansion was substantially completed by the end of January 2007 and was paid for by Delaware North Companies, owners of the TD Garden, who struck a deal for sharing revenue from concessions and advertising with the MBTA. The redesigned station was built for 12 tracks, but only 10 are in service as of 2013[update].
Former interstate service
Until the 1960s the station was the hub for long-distance Boston and Maine service to multiple locales north and west of Boston, usually in conjunction with other railroads. Service cutbacks began in the 1950s until service dwindled down to commuter rail operations. The last interstate routes after 1965 were single daily round trips to Concord and Dover, New Hampshire which lasted until June 30, 1967. By this point the interstate train itineraries consisted of self-propelled Budd Rail Diesel Cars, often just one or two cars for the trip.
Limited service to Concord was run from January 28, 1980 to March 1, 1981 as part of a federally funded experiment.
|Name||Final B & M station at peak level||Partner railroad in continuing joint train service||Final destination||Year discontinued|
|The Minute Man||Troy, New York via Fitchburg and Greenfield||New York Central||Chicago, Illinois||1960|
|The Chesire||Bellows Falls, Vermont via Fitchburg and Keene||-||-||1958|
|Green Mountain Flyer||Bellows Falls||Rutland Railway||Burlington, Vermont, Montreal, Quebec||1953|
|The Ambassador||White River Junction, Vermont via Lowell, Massachusetts and Concord, New Hampshire||Central Vermont Railway||Essex Junction, Vermont, Montreal||1965|
|Alouette||Wells River, Vermont via Lowell, Massachusetts and Concord, New Hampshire||Canadian Pacific Railway||Montreal||1965|
|Flying Yankee||Portland, Maine via Dover||Maine Central Railroad||Bangor Union Station||1957|
|Aroostook Flyer||Portland, Maine||Maine Central Railroad
Bangor and Aroostook Railroad
|Bangor, Maine, Presque Isle, Maine||1961|
|The Gull||Portland||Maine Central Railroad
Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian National Railway
|Halifax, Nova Scotia via St. John, New Brunswick||1960|
Green Line timeline
This timeline shows which Green Line services terminated at North Station at which times (after 1940).
- Boston's TD Garden (formerly the FleetCenter), home of the Boston Bruins hockey and Boston Celtics basketball teams, which is directly above North Station.
- Sports and ethnic bars and restaurants along Causeway Street
- Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. Federal Building
- Boston's North End, a neighborhood with a wide variety of restaurants, Old North Church, and Paul Revere's house.
North Station is wheelchair accessible on all modes. There is a cross-platform connection between the inbound Orange Line and the inbound Green Line; transferring in other directions is accessible but requires the use of elevators. All other Orange Line stations are accessible as well, but not all Green Line stations are wheelchair accessible.
Most major stations on the MBTA Commuter Rail routes are accessible with full-length high or mini-high platforms, but some stations are not accessible. All Downeaster stations are accessible with high platforms or low platforms with wheelchair lifts.
- North Union Station (1893–1927)
- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2013, Commonwealth of Massachusetts" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "North Station Explosion, 1959". Celebrate Boston. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Belcher, Jonathan (12 November 2012). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "White River Junction, Vt. and Area, 1964-65 and 2000" http://www.trainweb.org/theattic/UpperNE.html
- "Run-Through Passenger Trains in New England" http://www.faracresfarm.com/jbvb/rr/run_thru.html
- Amtrak – Stations – Boston North Station
- MBTA Boston North Station
- Elaborate Union (North) Station facade, circa 1890.
- Boston North Amtrak Station (USA RailGuide -- TrainWeb)
- Causeway Street and Accolyn Way entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Commuter Rail and Amtrak platforms from Google Maps Street View
- Boston-North Station, MA (BON) (Amtrak's Great American Stations)