North Sumatra

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North Sumatra
Sumatera Utara
Province
Istana Maimun, Medan
Istana Maimun, Medan
Flag of North Sumatra
Flag
Official seal of North Sumatra
Seal
Motto: Marsipature hutana be (Batak)
Location of North Sumatra in Indonesia
Location of North Sumatra in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°00′N 99°00′E / 2.000°N 99.000°E / 2.000; 99.000Coordinates: 2°00′N 99°00′E / 2.000°N 99.000°E / 2.000; 99.000
Country Indonesia
Capital Medan
Government
 • Governor Gatot Pudjo Nugroho (acting)[1]
Area
 • Total 72,981.23 km2 (28,178.21 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 13,527,937
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Batak (41,95%) (Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing), Javanese (32.62%) Nias (6.36%), Malay (4,92%), Minangkabau (2,66%), Banjarese (0.97%), other (9,72%) [2]
 • Religion Islam (65.5%), Christianity (31.4%), Buddhism (2.8%), Hindu (0,2%)
 • Languages Indonesian, Malay, Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing, Medan Hokkien
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website sumutprov.go.id

North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the island of Sumatra, and its capital is Medan. It is the most populous Indonesian province outside of Java, with over 13½ million inhabitants in 2014.[3]

Geography and population[edit]

The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca. It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau and West Sumatra provinces in the southeast. It has an area of 72,981  km². The province contains a broad, low plain along the Strait of Malacca on which the provincial capital, Medan, is located. In the south and west, the land rises to the mountain range that runs the length of Sumatra; the mountains here are dominated by Lake Toba, formed from the caldera of an ancient volcano. Several large islands in the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Sumatra are currently part of North Sumatra, most notably Nias Island and the Batu Islands.

North Sumatra recorded a population of 12,985,075 in the 2010 national census, with a sex ratio of 99.59 men per 100 women.[4] The latest estimate (for January 2014) is 13,527,937.[3]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1971 6,621,831 —    
1980 8,360,894 +26.3%
1990 10,256,027 +22.7%
1995 11,114,667 +8.4%
2000 11,649,655 +4.8%
2010 12,982,204 +11.4%
2014 13,527,937 +4.2%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

Administration[edit]

Grand Mosque of Medan, North Sumatra

North Sumatra is currently subdivided into 25 regencies and 8 autonomous cities, listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (2014) estimates. With proposals under consideration to create three additional provinces from parts of the present North Sumatra, these are grouped below according to the putative new province in which they are situated:

Nias Island Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010[5]
Population
Estimate
January 2014[3]
Capital
North Nias Regency
(Nias Utara)
1,202.78 127,530 132,593 Lahewa
Nias Regency 3,495.39 132,329 136,900 Gunungsitoli
West Nias Regency
(Nias Barat)
# 81,461 85,246 Lahomi
South Nias Regency
(Nias Selatan)
1,625.91 289,876 301,886 Teluk Dalam
Gunungsitoli (city) 230.80 125,566 131,507 Gunungsitoli
# the area of West Nias Regency is included in the figure for Nias Regency.

Southeast Sumatra Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate
January 2014[3]
Capital
Mandailing Natal Regency 6,620.70 403,894 421,968 Panyabungan
Padang Sidempuan (city) 114.65 191,554 199,582 Padang Sidempuan
South Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Selatan)
4,352.86 264,108 274,905 Sipirok
Padang Lawas Regency 3,892.74 223,480 234,728 Sibuhuan
North Padang Lawas Regency
(Padang Lawas Utara)
3,918.05 223,049 232,928 Gunung Tua

Tapanuli Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate
January 2014[3]
Capital
Sibolga (city) 10.77 84,444 88,032 Sibolga
Central Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Tengah)
2,158.00 310,962 324,315 Pandan
North Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Utara)
3,764.65 278,897 290,996 Tarutung
Humbang Hasundutan Regency 2,297.20 171,687 178,866 Dolok Sanggul
Samosir Regency 2,433.50 111,650 124,683 Pangururan
Toba Samosir Regency 2,352.35 172,933 180,407 Balige

East Sumatra Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate
January 2014[3]
Capital
Medan (city) 265.10 2,109,339 2,185,789 Medan
Binjai (city) 90.24 246,010 256,502 Binjai
Deli Serdang Regency 2,486.14 1,789,243 1,865,695 Lubukpakam
Langkat Regency 6,263.29 966,133 1,008,207 Stabat
Karo Regency 2,127.25 350,479 365,713 Kabanjahe
Dairi Regency 1,927.80 269,848 281,405 Sidikalang
Pakpak Bharat Regency 1,218.30 40,481 42,208 Salak
Simalungun Regency 4,386.60 818,104 852,095 Raya
Pematang Siantar (city) 79.87 234,885 244,564 Pematang Siantar
Serdang Bedagai Regency 1,913.33 592,922 619,367 Sei Rampah
Tebing Tinggi (city) 38.44 145,180 151,354 Tebing Tinggi
Batubara Regency 904.96 374,535 391,686 Limapuluh
Asahan Regency 3,675.79 667,563 696,364 Kisaran
Tanjung Balai (city) * 154,426 160,941 Tanjung Balai
North Labuhan Batu Regency
(Labuhan Batu Utara)
# 331,660 344,603 Aek Kanopan
Labuhan Batu Regency 9,223.18 414,417 432,560 Rantau Prapat
South Labuhan Batu Regency
(Labuhan Batu Selatan)
# 277,549 289,346 Kota Pinang
* the area of Tanjung Balai city is included in the figure for Asahan Regency, from which it was carved out in 2007.
# the areas of North Labuhan Batu Regency and South Labuhan Batu Regency are included in the figure for Labuhan Batu Regency, from which they were carved out in 2007.

Proposed new provinces[edit]

All parties in the North Sumatra legislative council have agreed to the formation of a new Tapanuli Province, a new Southeast Sumatra Province and a new Nias Island Province. This has been approved at a regional plenary session on 2 May 2011, but still needs approval from Central government which has not yet enacted the grand design for additional provinces.[6][7]

Under the proposals, the new Tapanuli province would comprise five disadvantaged regencies in western North Sumatra with majority Christian Bataknese populations: Humbang Hasundutan, Toba Samosir, Tapanuli Utara (North Tapanuli), Tapanuli Tengah (Central Tapanuli) and Samosir - together with the municipality (city) of Sibolga.[8]

The proposed Southeast Sumatra province would comprise four disadvantaged regencies with majority Muslim Bataknese Angkola populations - Tapanuli Selatan (South Tapanuli), Mandailing Natal, Padang Lawas and Padang Lawas Utara (North Padang Lawas) - together with the municipality (city) of Padang Sidempuan.[8]

The proposed Nias Island province would consist of the remote Christian-majority regencies of Nias, Nias Utara (North Nias), Nias Barat (West Nias) and Nias Selatan (South Nias) - together with the municipality (city) of Gunungsitoli - all on the island of Nias.[8] Nias Selatan Regency includes the smaller Batu Islands (Pulau-pulau Batu) to the south, lying between Nias and Siberut.

The remaining regencies and cities currently within North Sumatra province would comprise the residual area, which might be renamed East Sumatra (Sumatera Timur).

Agriculture and economy[edit]

Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong coffee beans are grown in North Sumatra and largely exported to the United States. Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing people located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.

Tourism[edit]

Besides Lake Toba and Orang Utan conservatory at Bukit Lawang there are also Taman Hutan Raya at Berastagi which declared by Keputusan Presiden RI Nomor 48 Tahun 1998 tanggal 19 November 1998.

Airports[edit]

The modern Kuala Namu International Airport is opened in July 25, 2013 and located almost 40 kilometers from Medan. The airport replaces the old Polonia International Airport.[9]

Polonia International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Polonia) (IATA: MESICAO: WIMM) (popularly Polonia Airport, as in Indonesia, Bandara Polonia) is located about 5 km from the Central Business District of Medan. It is the first international airport in Medan, although the airport is under airforce authority. Polonia airport is the site of several crashes, is inappropriately located in the center of the city of Medan, has a difficult takeoff path and has a short runway. It serves flights to several Indonesian and Malaysian cities, along with a flight to Singapore and Thailand. Flights to Indian cities are also planned. In terms of passenger numbers, Polonia is the fourth largest airport in Indonesia.

Seaports[edit]

North Sumatra has an international seaport at Belawan, near Medan and is now preparing to have a new seaport at Kuala Tanjung, in Batubara Regency, for about Rp.1 trillion ($114 million) budget.[10]

Sei Mangkei Industrial Area[edit]

Sei Mangkei Industrial Area is known also as Sei Mangkei - Integrated Sustainable Palm Oil Cluster (SM-ISPOIC); it is located in Simalungun Regency and was formally opened on 12 June 2010. Four companies have joined in this area, with investment costs totalling up to Rp1.5 trillion ($176 million).[11][12] In April 2011, three other companies also joined in the Sei Mangkei area. They are Procter & Gamble Co for making CPO derivatives of cosmetic raw materials, Ferrostaal AG and Fratelli Gianazza SpA.

References[edit]

External links[edit]