Istana Maimun, Medan
|Motto: Marsipature hutana be (Batak)|
Location of North Sumatra in Indonesia
|• Governor||Gatot Pudjo Nugroho (acting)|
|• Total||72,981.23 km2 (28,178.21 sq mi)|
|• Density||180/km2 (460/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Batak (41,95%) (Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing), Javanese (32.62%) Nias (6.36%), Malay (4,92%), Minangkabau (2,66%), Banjarese (0.97%), other (9,72%) |
|• Religion||Islam (65.5%), Christianity (31.4%), Buddhism (2.8%), Hindu (0,2%)|
|• Languages||Indonesian, Malay, Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing, Medan Hokkien|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the island of Sumatra, and its capital is Medan. It is the most populous Indonesian province outside of Java, with over 13 million inhabitants.
Geography and population
The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca. It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau and West Sumatra provinces in the southeast. It has an area of 72,981 km². The province contains a broad, low plain along the Strait of Malacca on which the provincial capital, Medan, is located. In the south and west, the land rises to the mountain range that runs the length of Sumatra; the mountains here are dominated by Lake Toba, formed from the caldera of an ancient volcano. Several large islands in the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Sumatra are currently part of North Sumatra, most notably Nias Island and the Batu Islands.
|Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010|
Agriculture and economy
Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong coffee beans are grown in North Sumatra and largely exported to the United States. Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing people located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.
Polonia International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Polonia) (IATA: MES, ICAO: WIMM) (popularly Polonia Airport, as in Indonesia, Bandara Polonia) is located about 5 km from the Central Business District of Medan. It is the first international airport in Medan, although the airport is under airforce authority. Polonia airport is the site of several crashes, is inappropriately located in the center of the city of Medan, has a difficult takeoff path and has a short runway. It serves flights to several Indonesian and Malaysian cities, along with a flight to Singapore and Thailand. Flights to Indian cities are also planned. In terms of passenger numbers, Polonia is the fourth largest airport in Indonesia.
Sei Mangkei Industrial Area
Sei Mangkei Industrial Area is known also as Sei Mangkei - Integrated Sustainable Palm Oil Cluster (SM-ISPOIC); it is located in Simalungun Regency and was formally opened on 12 June 2010. Four companies have joined in this area, with investment costs totalling up to Rp1.5 trillion ($176 million). In April 2011, three other companies also joined in the Sei Mangkei area. They are Procter & Gamble Co for making CPO derivatives of cosmetic raw materials, Ferrostaal AG and Fratelli Gianazza SpA.
North Sumatra is currently subdivided into 25 regencies and 8 autonomous cities, listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census. With proposals under consideration to create three additional provinces from parts of North Sumatra, these are grouped below according to the putative new province in which they are situated.
Nias Island Region
|North Nias Regency
|West Nias Regency
|South Nias Regency
- # the areas and end 2004 estimated populations of West Nias Regency and North Nias Regency, and of Gunungsitoli city, are included in the figures for Nias Regency.
Southeast Sumatra Region
|Mandailing Natal Regency||6,620.70||386,150||403,894||Panyabungan|
|Padang Sidempuan (city)||114.65||177,499||191,554||Padang Sidempuan|
|South Tapanuli Regency
|Padang Lawas Regency||3,892.74||#||223,480||Sibuhuan|
|North Padang Lawas Regency
(Padang Lawas Utara)
- # the end 2004 population is included in that of South Tapanuli Regency, from which it was later carved out.
|Central Tapanuli Regency
|North Tapanuli Regency
|Humbang Hasundutan Regency||2,297.20||152,997||171,687||Dolok Sanggul|
|Toba Samosir Regency||2,352.35||158,677||172,933||Balige|
East Sumatra Region
|Deli Serdang Regency||2,486.14||1,569,638||1,789,243||Lubukpakam|
|Pakpak Bharat Regency||1,218.30||34,542||40,481||Salak|
|Pematang Siantar (city)||79.87||230,487||234,885||Pematang Siantar|
|Serdang Bedagai Regency||1,913.33||588,176||592,922||Sei Rampah|
|Tebing Tinggi (city)||38.44||135,671||145,180||Tebing Tinggi|
|Tanjung Balai (city)||*||152,814||154,426||Tanjung Balai|
|North Labuhan Batu Regency
(Labuhan Batu Utara)
|Labuhan Batu Regency||9,223.18||951,773||414,417||Rantau Prapat|
|South Labuhan Batu Regency
(Labuhan Batu Selatan)
- # the end 2004 estimated population of Batubara Regency is included in the figure for Asahan Regency, from which the new regency was carved out in 2007.
- * the area of Tanjung Balai city is included in the figure for Asahan Regency.
- ## the areas and end 2004 estimated populations of North Labuhan Batu Regency and South Labuhan Batu Regency are included in the figures for Labuhan Batu Regency, from which they were carved out in 2007.
Proposed new provinces
All parties in the North Sumatra legislative council have agreed to the formation of a new Tapanuli Province, a new Southeast Sumatra Province and a new Nias Island Province. This has been approved at a regional plenary session on 2 May 2011, but still needs approval from Central government which has not yet enacted the grand design for additional provinces.
Under the proposals, the new Tapanuli province would comprise five disadvantaged regencies in western North Sumatra with majority Christian Bataknese populations: Humbang Hasundutan, Toba Samosir, Tapanuli Utara (North Tapanuli), Tapanuli Tengah (Central Tapanuli) and Samosir - together with the municipality (city) of Sibolga.
The proposed Southeast Sumatra province would comprise four disadvantaged regencies with majority Muslim Bataknese Angkola populations - Tapanuli Selatan (South Tapanuli), Mandailing Natal, Padang Lawas and Padang Lawas Utara (North Padang Lawas) - together with the municipality (city) of Padang Sidempuan.
The proposed Nias Islands province would consist of the remote Christian-majority regencies of Nias, Nias Utara (North Nias), Nias Barat (West Nias) and Nias Selatan (South Nias) - together with the municipality (city) of Gunungsitoli. Nias Selatan Regency includes the smaller Batu Islands (Pulau-pulau Batu) to the south, lying between Nias and Siberut.
The remaining regencies and cities currently within North Sumatra province would comprise the residual area, which might be renamed East Sumatra (Sumatera Timur).
- Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
- "Roda Empat Disediakan Menuju Bandara Kuala Namu". July 23, 2013.
- Four Firms to Invest Rp1.5 Trln in Sei Mangkei Industrial Area, Sumatera
- Support for N. Sumatra division into 4 provinces | The Jakarta Post
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to North Sumatra.|