North Thanet (UK Parliament constituency)

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North Thanet
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Thanet in Kent.
Outline map
Location of Kent within England.
County Kent
Electorate 67,110 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements (Margate, Birchington-on-Sea, Herne Bay and Westgate-on-Sea
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Sir Roger Gale (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Thanet West, Thanet East
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

North Thanet (also known as Thanet North) is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1983 creation by Sir Roger Gale, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

North Thanet and South Thanet were created by a rearrangement of the former Thanet West and Thanet East constituencies in 1983, which in turn had been created in 1974 by the splitting of the single Isle of Thanet seat. Apart from 1997 when it was marginal, the seat has to date been a safe seat for the Conservative Party.

The third-placed opponent in the 1983 election, for Labour, was Cherie Blair whose husband Tony Blair, was Prime Minister between 1997 and 2007.

Constituency profile[edit]

Tourism forms an important economic activity with sandy beaches, particularly at Margate among the main attractions, the seat has a small amount of fishing relative to the 19th century or major ports of North East and Scotland, with a slightly higher proportion of retired people than the national average[2] and incomes tending to be clustered towards the national mean.[3] Economic developments have included close-by the Thanet Offshore Wind Project as well as very limited commercial, recreational and tourism activity at the now closed, Manston Airport. Thanet District Council is at present (September 2014) looking in to the possibility of compulsory purchase of the airport from owner Ann Gloag. This would offer a commercial partner the opportunity to reopen the airport for freight, aircraft servicing and other commercial operations. In unemployment terms the claimant count was third highest of the South East's 84 constituencies at the end of 2010.[n 3][4]

Boundaries[edit]

North Thanet consists of the northern part of Thanet district (Margate, Westgate-on-Sea, Birchington-on-Sea, and the villages of Acol, St Nicholas-at-Wade and Sarre) plus the town of Herne Bay in the City of Canterbury.

Boundary review[edit]

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election. In particular, Cliftonville (East and West) were transferred to the South Thanet constituency.

These changes have resulted in North Thanet consisting of the electoral wards:

  • Birchington North, Birchington South, Dane Valley, Garlinge, Margate Central, Salmestone, Thanet Villages, Westbrook, and Westgate-on-Sea in the district of Thanet;
  • Greenhill and Eddington, Herne and Broomfield, Heron, Marshside, Reculver and West Bay in the City of Canterbury

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1983 Sir Roger Gale Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: North Thanet[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 22,826 52.7 +4.7
Labour Michael Britton 9,298 21.5 -11.1
Liberal Democrat Laura Murphy 8,400 19.4 +3.8
UKIP Rosamund Parker 2,819 6.5 +2.6
Majority 13,528 31.2
Turnout 43,343 63.2 +4.0
Conservative hold Swing +7.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: North Thanet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 21,699 49.6 -0.7
Labour Iris Johnston 14,065 32.2 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Mark Barnard 6,279 14.4 +3.4
UKIP Timothy Stocks 1,689 3.9 +1.6
Majority 7,634 17.5
Turnout 43,732 60.1 1.1
Conservative hold Swing +0.8
General Election 2001: North Thanet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 21,050 50.3 +6.2
Labour James Stewart Laing 14,400 34.4 -4.0
Liberal Democrat Seth Proctor 4,603 11.0 -0.4
UKIP John Moore 980 2.3 +1.4
Independent David Shortt 440 1.1 N/A
National Front Thomas Holmes 395 0.9 N/A
Majority 6,650 15.9
Turnout 41,868 59.0 -9.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: North Thanet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 21,586 44.1 -13.1
Labour Iris Johnston 18,820 38.4 +14.9
Liberal Democrat Paul Kendrick 5,576 11.4 -6.3
Referendum Party Marcus Chambers 2,535 5.2 N/A
UKIP J. E. Haines 438 1.1 N/A
Majority 2,766 5.7 -28
Turnout 48,955 68.8 +7.2
Conservative hold Swing -14
General Election 1992: North Thanet[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 30,867 57.2 −0.8
Labour Alan M. Bretman 12,657 23.5 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Ms. Joanna L. Phillips 9,563 17.7 −5.6
Green Mrs Hazel F. Dawe 873 1.6 −0.4
Majority 18,210 33.7 −1.0
Turnout 53,960 76.0 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing −3.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: North Thanet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 29,225 58.0
Social Democrat N. R. M. Cranston 11,745 23.3
Labour Alan M. Bretman 8,395 16.7
Green D R Condor 996 2.0
Majority 17,480 34.7
Turnout 50,361 72.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: North Thanet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gale 26,801 58.4 N/A
Social Democrat W. MacMillan 12,256 26.7 N/A
Labour Cherie Booth 6,482 14.1 N/A
BNP B Dobing 324 0.7 N/A
Majority 14,051 32.37 N/A
Turnout 45,863 70.02 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Above this were South Thanet and Hastings and Rye
References

Coordinates: 51°22.5′N 1°16′E / 51.3750°N 1.267°E / 51.3750; 1.267