Tidworth

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Tidworth
Tidworth Camp - geograph.org.uk - 484675.jpg
Tidworth Camp: a view over the garrison from Clarendon Hill
Tidworth is located in Wiltshire
Tidworth
Tidworth
 Tidworth shown within Wiltshire
Population 10,621 2011 Census
OS grid reference SU3645
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TIDWORTH
Postcode district SP9
Dialling code 01980
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Devizes
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°14′06″N 1°39′54″W / 51.2350°N 1.665°W / 51.2350; -1.665

Tidworth is a garrison town in south-east Wiltshire, England located along the A338 road, close to the A303 road. It has a growing civilian population. Situated at the eastern edge of Salisbury Plain, it is approximately 10 miles west of Andover, 12 miles south of Marlborough, 24 miles south of Swindon, 15 miles north by north-east of Salisbury and 6 miles east of Amesbury. Its population is approximately 10,600.

History[edit]

Tidworth was listed in the Domesday Book as Todeorde, in the Andover Hundred, in "Hantscire". It was once the family home of the Studd family. On John Speed's maps (1611), the town is referred to as Tudworth, North Tudworth belonging to Amesbury hundred in "Wilshire", and South Tudworth to Andover hundred in "Hamshire". When the boundary between Wiltshire and Hampshire was redrawn in 1992, the old distinction between North Tidworth and South Tidworth vanished, and the entire town became part of Wiltshire. The separate parts remained as two separate civil parishes until 1 April 2004.

Military[edit]

In recent years the population of Tidworth has increased in both the civilian and military communities. Tidworth is home to the 1st Mechanised Brigade's headquarters as well as its affiliated Armoured, Signals and Logistic Corps units. The most significant increase has been within the military community; many units are being relocated to Tidworth as the British Army centralises its forces around its major training areas such as Salisbury Plain.

The barracks at Tidworth are named after British Army battles in India and Afghanistan (e.g. Aliwal, Assaye, Bhurtpore, Candahar, Delhi and Lucknow).

Today[edit]

Its situation near the A303, and hence the M3, places Tidworth within commuting distance of London.

Tidworth has a small commercial area, containing: two supermarkets (a Lidl and a large Tesco opened in December 2007), two hairdresser salons, two veterinary surgeries and a Mobile phone store, and various takeaway outlets. This area is based upon Station Road (so named because there was once a railway station there). At the base of this hill is a dental surgery (completed in 2005) which serves Tidworth and the surrounding area (approx. 5,000 people). In 2003 a new medical centre was completed, the cost being split between the Ministry of Defence and the NHS and it serves both the armed forces and their dependents within the surrounding area. There are also a dental surgery and doctors surgery off Drummers Lane near the top of Station Road, complete with newer pharmacy.

Tidworth has one of the lowest crime rates per thousand in Wiltshire and between the years of 1990 and 2004 only one major crime took place.[1] In 2014, it was rated by the Royal Mail as the most attractive postcode area to live in England. [2]

Education[edit]

The community is served by three primary schools and an infant school.

The Wellington Academy, which was partly sponsored by Wellington College, opened in September 2009, replacing Castledown School. The academy also has a sixth form college, a 3G all weather sports pitch, and dedicated CCF facilities run by Colonel Newman, a retired army colonel. The parent unit of the CCF is 22 Royal Engineers, housed nearby at the Swinton barracks. The local garrison commander is a governor of the academy.

Religious sites[edit]

St Mary's Church

St Mary's Church in South Tidworth was built in 1878. It is a Grade I listed building[3] now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[4] The church was built, of rock faced brown stone, in a Gothic Revival style, by John Johnson, with work supervised by G. H. Gordon,[5] for Sir John Kelk of the Kelk Baronets,[4] near the site of an older medieval parish church.[6] The chancel is 28 feet (8.5 m) by 17 feet (5.2 m) and the nave 43 feet (13 m) by 17 feet (5.2 m). There are also north and south aisles and a north vestry and a south porch.[7] The interior includes carvings and polished marble shafts in the columns of the arcade piers. The chancel floor is laid with Italian mosaic. There is also a silver chalices and patens of 1837 and 1877 and a silver-gilt flagon of 1869.[7] The altar and stone carvings were built by Farmer & Brindley.[8] The church was declared redundant in 1972 and passed to the Redundant Churches Fund, which became the Churches Conservation Trust, in 1973.[5]

Culture[edit]

  • The musician James Blunt was born in Tidworth.
  • The Studd family of the Ashes fame owned and lived in Tedworth House.
  • Tidworth Polo Club is the second largest in the country and frequently plays host to royals such as Princes William and Harry.
  • Tidworth Garrison Golf Club was constructed in 1904 initially for use by army officers. It was established in 1908 and gradually made available to all ranks and civilians. In 2000 it became a limited company.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tidworth". UK Crime Stats. 
  2. ^ "UK's 'most desirable' postcodes revealed". BBC News. 
  3. ^ "Church Of St Mary". Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "St Mary, South Tidworth". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Church of St. Mary, South Tidworth". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "South Tidworth, St Mary's Church". Britain Express. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Page, William (1911). "Parishes: Tidworth, South". A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 4. British History Online. pp. 391–394. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "St Mary's, South Tidworth". Victorian Web. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "About Tidworth". Tidworth Garrison Golf Club. 

External links[edit]