North Warwickshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of North Warwickshire in Warwickshire.
Location of Warwickshire within England.
|Electorate||70,544 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Atherstone, Bedworth, Coleshill and Polesworth|
|Member of Parliament||Dan Byles (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:
- Atherstone: Central, North, South; Baddesley and Grendon, Coleshill: North and South, Curdworth, Dordon, Filongley, Hurley and Wood End, Kingsbury, Newton Regis and Warton and Polesworth: East and West and; Water Orton in North Warwickshire
- Bede, Exhall, Heath, Poplar and, Slough (in Bedworth) in Nuneaton and Bedworth district
The North Warwickshire constituency was created for the 1832 general election, when the Great Reform Act divided the former Warwickshire constituency into two new divisions: North Warwickshire and South Warwickshire.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, North Warwickshire was abolished for the 1885 general election, when Warwickshire was divided into four new single-member constituencies: Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon and Tamworth.
The current North Warwickshire county constituency was created for the 1983 general election, replacing outlying parts of the Meriden and Nuneaton constituencies. The seat was won by Francis Maude of the Conservative Party at the 1983 general election, who held it until 1992, when it was taken by Mike O'Brien of Labour. Labour held the seat comfortably until 2010.
On 8 March 2007, former Army Officer and polar explorer Dan Byles was selected at an open primary to contest North Warwickshire for the Conservative Party. At the 2010 general election, Byles won the seat off Mike O'Brien by just 54 votes, making him the Conservative Member of Parliament with the smallest majority in the country.
Warwickshire North has wards which are the most "working-class" (lowest average income)[n 4] and industrial of the six constituencies in the county excluding Coventry, politically frequently with the best returns locally for Labour candidates, though in the 2010 election all six Warwickshire constituencies were Conservative gains, this constituency fell in shock result on a substantial swing of 8.1% from Labour to the Conservatives (compared to a national swing of 5%), making the area ultra-marginal.
Like much of the county, the area includes many rural commuter villages south of the England, south east of Tamworth and the small cathedral city of Lichfield and centred less than 10 miles (16 km) east of Birmingham. Many towns and villages have a history of coal mining and heavy industry and with that a strong Labour vote.
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||William Stratford Dugdale||Conservative||Sir John Eardley-Wilmot, Bt||Conservative|
|1843 by-election||Charles Newdigate Newdegate||Conservative|
|1864 by-election||William Bromley-Davenport||Conservative|
|1884 by-election||Philip Muntz||Conservative|
|1885||Constituency abolished: see Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon and Tamworth|
MPs since 1983
|General Election 2010 
Turnout: 47,265 (67.4%) +4.5
|Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 54 (0.1%) -16.0
Swing: +8.1% from Lab to Con
|Stephen Martin||Liberal Democrat||5,481||11.6||-1.9|
|David Lane||English Democrats||411||0.9||N/A|
|General Election 2005
Turnout: 46,939 (62.2%) +2.0
Majority: 7,553 (16.1%) -5.6
Swing: +2.8% from Lab to Con
|Jerry Roodhouse||Liberal Democrat||6,212||13.2||+1.8|
|General Election 2001
Turnout: 44,409 (60.2%) -14.6
Majority: 9,639 (21.7%) -5.5
Swing: +2.6% from Lab to Con
|William Powell||Liberal Democrat||5,052||11.4||+4.0|
|General Election 1997
Turnout: 54,239 (74.7%) -8.1
Majority: 14,767 (27.2%) +24.8
Swing: +12.4% from Con to Lab
|William Powell||Liberal Democrat||4,040||7.4||-2.9|
|Roland Mole||Referendum Party||917||1.7||N/A|
|General Election 1992 
Turnout: 59,862 (82.8%) +4.0
|Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 1,453 (2.4%) −2.6
Swing: +3.7% from Con to Lab
|Noel R. Mitchell||Liberal Democrat||6,161||10.3||−4.6|
|General Election 1987
Majority: 2,829 (5.01%)
|S.J. Neale||Social Democrat||8,382||14.85|
|General Election 1983
Majority: 2,585 (4.83%)
|H. Kerry||Social Democrat||11,207||20.94|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Arley and Whitacre and Hartshill, moved in 2010 to Nuneaton
- 2001 statistics
- This saw considerable population expansion from 1995-2010
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "UKPollingReport Election Guide » Warwickshire North". Ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- "UK > England > West Midlands > Warwickshire North". Election 2010 (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.