North West Durham (UK Parliament constituency)

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North West Durham
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North West Durham in County Durham.
Outline map
Location of County Durham within England.
County County Durham
Electorate 72,760 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Consett, Crook, Lanchester and Willington
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Pat Glass (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Barnard Castle
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Consett and Barnard Castle
Created from South Durham
North Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

North West Durham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Pat Glass of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

1885-1918

A first incarnation of the seat occurred under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 however this was abolished in 1918 to create Consett and to enlarge using its Weardale part Barnard Castle (UK Parliament constituency). During the first creation Liberals represented the area and its first member until 1914 was the son of a prominent Chartist, Ernest Jones, and helped to promote New Liberalism, encouraging the Liberal Party to take on instead the politics of "mass working-class" appeal. This politics was epitomised by David Lloyd George whose People's Budget, 1909 led to the supremacy of the House of Commons over the House of Lords, national pensions under a barebones welfare state (without a National Health Service).

1950-date

On its recreation in 1950 North-West Durham became the successor to Barnard Castle save for the town of that name and its immediate vicinity which instead joined the Bishop Auckland seat. Consett (UK Parliament constituency) was abolished in 1983 having seen a gradual decline in population in the latter half of its years, and its area was added to North West Durham that year. Throughout this second creation the seat has been represented in Westminster by members of the Labour Party.

Boundaries[edit]

North West Durham within northern Durham, showing boundaries used in 1885-1914

The constituency is in the north west of County Durham, in the North East England region. When it was created in 1885 it centred on two main communities, Consett and Lanchester.

It currently consists of the western part of the former Derwentside district (including Consett and Lanchester) and the northern part of the former Wear Valley district (including Weardale, Crook and Willington).

Boundary review[edit]

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

  • Crook North, Crook South, Howden, Hunwick, St John’s Chapel, Stanhope, Tow Law and Stanley, Wheatbottom and Helmington Row, Willington Central, Willington West End, and Wolsingham and Witton-le-Wear in the former Wear Valley district of County Durham
  • Benfieldside, Blackhill, Burnhope, Burnopfield, Castleside, Consett East, Consett North, Consett South, Cornsay, Delves Lane, Dipton, Ebchester and Medomsley, Esh, Lanchester and Leadgate in the former Derwentside district of County Durham[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

For many years the area gave large majorities suggesting a safe seat for the Labour Party; the majority of the electorate live in former mining or steel towns, where Labour traditionally have polled higher than other parties with the remainder in rural farms and villages throughout valleys cleft from the eastern, rocky part of the Pennines. The current MP is Pat Glass, elected at the 2010 general election, in which election no absolute majority was achieved and a Liberal Democrat increased their share of the vote to 24.9%.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Llewellyn Archer Atherley-Jones Liberal
1914 by-election Aneurin Williams Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished

MPs since 1950[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1950 Constituency recreated
1950 James Murray Labour
1955 William Ainsley Labour
1964 Ernest Armstrong Labour
1987 Hilary Armstrong Labour
2010 Pat Glass Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: North West Durham[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Pat Glass 18,539 42.3 -11.6
Liberal Democrat Owen Temple 10,927 24.9 +5.0
Conservative Michelle Tempest 8,766 20.0 +3.6
Independent Watts Stelling 2,472 5.6 -4.2
BNP Michael Stewart 1,852 4.2 +4.2
UKIP Andrew McDonald 1,259 2.9 +2.9
Majority 7,612 17.4
Turnout 43,815 62.0 +4.2
Labour hold Swing -8.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Armstrong 21,312 53.9 -8.6
Liberal Democrat Alan Ord 7,869 19.9 +5.0
Conservative Jamie Devlin 6,463 16.4 -4.5
Independent Watts Stelling 3,865 9.8 +9.8
Majority 13,443 34.0
Turnout 39,509 58.0 -0.5
Labour hold Swing -6.8
General Election 2001: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Armstrong 24,526 62.5 -6.2
Conservative William Clouston 8,193 20.9 +5.6
Liberal Democrat Alan Ord 5,846 14.9 +4.1
Socialist Labour Joan Hartnell 661 1.7 N/A
Majority 16,333 41.6
Turnout 39,226 58.5 -10.2
Labour hold Swing -5.9

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Armstrong 31,855 68.8 +10.7
Conservative Louise St John-Howe 7,101 15.3 -12.0
Liberal Democrat Anthony Gillings 4,991 10.8 -3.9
Referendum Party Rodney Atkinson 2,372 5.1 +5.1
Majority 24,754 53.5
Turnout 46,319 68.7 -6.8
Labour hold Swing 11.4
General Election 1992: North West Durham[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Armstrong 26,734 57.8 +6.9
Conservative Theresa May 12,747 27.6 -0.8
Liberal Democrat Tim Farron 6,728 14.6 -6.1
Majority 13,987 30.2 +7.7
Turnout 46,209 75.5 +2.0
Labour hold Swing 3.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hilary Armstrong 22,947 50.9
Conservative D Iceton 12,785 28.36
Liberal Chris Foote Wood 9,349 20.74
Majority 10,162 22.54
Turnout 45,081 73.54
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: North West Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 19,135 44.58
Conservative T Middleton 12,779 29.77
Liberal Chris Foote Wood 11,008 25.65
Majority 6,356 14.81
Turnout 42,923 70.66
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: North West Durham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 29,525 61.3
Conservative T Fenwick 14,245 29.58
Liberal J Hannibell 4,394 9.12
Majority 15,280 31.72
Turnout 48,161 75.98
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: North West Durham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 27,953 64.16
Conservative MJB Cookson 9,197 21.11
Liberal JK Forster 6,418 14.73
Majority 18,756 43.05
Turnout 43,566 71.09
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: North West Durham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 28,326 59.01
Conservative J Riddell 10,865 22.64
Liberal JK Forster 8,809 18.35
Majority 17,461 36.38
Turnout 47,999 79.09
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: North West Durham[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 24,245 69.6
Conservative AE Page 10,590 30.4
Majority 13,655 39.2
Turnout 34,834 72.85
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966:
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 25,260 73.58
Conservative C MacAndrew 9,070 26.42
Majority 16,190 47.16
Turnout 73.37
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Armstrong 26,006 69.75
Conservative KL Ellis 11,280 30.25
Majority 14,726 39.49
Turnout 77.98
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Ainsley 28,064 68.06
Conservative O Sinclair 13,172 31.94
Majority 14,892 36.11
Turnout 81.45
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Ainsley 27,116 67.41
Conservative TT Hubble 13,110 32.59
Majority 14,006 34.82
Turnout 79.05
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Murray 30,417 68.66
Conservative J Quigley 13,885 31.34
Majority 16,532 37.32
Turnout 85.06
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: North West Durham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Murray 31,084 69.67
Conservative J Quigley 13,530 30.33
Majority 17,554 39.35
Turnout 86.52
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1914/15

Electorate 20,978

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Aneurin Williams
Unionist James Ogden Hardicker
Labour George Harold Stuart-Bunning
Aneurin Williams
North West Durham by-election, 1914

Electorate 20,978

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Aneurin Williams 7,241
Unionist James Ogden Hardicker 5,564
Labour George Harold Stuart-Bunning 5,026
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Atherley-Jones
General Election December 1910

Electorate 18,361

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Llewellyn Atherley-Jones 8,998 65.1
Conservative James Ogden Hardicker 4,827 34.9
Majority 4.171 30.2
Turnout 75.3
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References