|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
A painting of North Witham from around 1950
North Witham shown within Lincolnshire
|Population||143 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||90 mi (140 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
|UK Parliament||Grantham and Stamford|
North Witham is a small village and nominally a civil parish in South Kesteven, Lincolnshire, England. The village is located along the upper course of the River Witham, and approximately 9 miles (14 km) south from the nearest major town, Grantham. It has an estimated population of 143 in around 72 households, at a density of 0.1/hectare.
The village is perhaps best known for its links with Isaac Newton, who is known to have lived nearby and visit the village on numerous occasions and made carvings in the wall of the church porch, and for the presence of nearby RAF North Witham.
The origin of the name "North Witham" is uncertain, though the village appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Widme" and then again in 1382 in the will of the village rector as "N Wythum." The origin of the name Witham is disputed however theories include the settlement being named after Wymund, an early settler in the area, or that the name was taken from the prefix "With" meaning willow and "ham" (the suffix appointed to Anglo-Saxon settlements widely believed to mean "village") which gives us With-ham: willow village.
No details are known of the village are known prior to the Domesday Book however a Saxon clay loomweight from around 650 AD was found at Manor Farm in the village and is now being stored at the City and County Museum in Lincoln. It is believed that an Anglo-Saxon church existed on the site of the current church of St Mary however no actual evidence of this has been found other than a carved Anglo-Saxon cross in the Celtic style which can now be found in the church porch and patches of herringbone brickwork within the current structure.
There are several traces of medieval farming in the village, and the site of a Shrunken medieval village.
As mentioned above North Witham's Parish Church of St Mary is believed to have been first built in its current form in around 1086 by the Normans; however, evidence such as herringbone brickwork in the church wall suggests that perhaps at least some of the modern structure is Anglo-Saxon. The church attracts considerable attention because of its striking and unusual features, which include an original Norman doorway in the northern wall of the structure. It is thought that such a small village was provided with such an extravagant church because of the early residents of the area who included Countess Judith, niece of William the Conqueror and Sortibrand, the local Thane.
The current tower and spire of the church were erected between 1380 and 1410; however, the current bells (a ring of three) weren't installed until around 1540. Also during the 15th century an arch between the vestry and the chancel was made leading into a room with a chamber above it. Local tradition states that the upper chamber was inhabited by the parish priest and above the archway there still remains a small hole through which the priest could check to see if the lamp above the altar was still lit. A side chapel was once present at the church; however, this was later destroyed and its foundation wasn't rediscovered until the restoration of the church in 1887. The side chapel is thought to have been where masses were said for the souls of the dead.
The next major changes to the church came in the 16th century when the English Reformation occurred and many of the church's ornaments, including a rood screen and a number of smaller items, were removed or destroyed. However it was over this period, between 1530 and 1564, that the current church bells were installed in the spire. The most notable bell is "Catherine" which was installed prior to 1540 and bears the inscription "Principio fine sonans sonus hic sit Caterine" (May this sound of Catherine be sounding in the beginning (and) in the end.) The other two bells, which were installed later, bear the inscriptions "Hope wel have w(e)l" and "CelorumXte placeat tibi rex sonus iste" ("O Christ, King of Heaven, may the sound please Thee") respectively.
The Church contains a number of tombs of the Sherard family, who were influential in the area in the past, and also a helmet from a suit of armour thought to have belonged to the occupant of one of the tombs. The entirety of the suit of armour, or one similar to it, was present in the church well into the 20th century, however much of it was stolen by thiefs.
Hannah Newton, (born Hannah Ayscough) the mother of Isaac Newton, married Barnabus Smith the Rector of the parish on Tuesday 27 January 1646 in his parish, and during the prohibited period for marriages. She moved to the rectory, staying there until August 1653 when her seventy-one-year-old husband died. Isaac's two half-sisters and half-brother were baptized in the parish, and probably born there. Graffiti accredited to the young physicist can still be seen in several places in and around the church.
A total of 24 men are listed as having died in the First World War on the North Witham Roll of Honour, it is thought that this may have been around one quarter of the village's total population. A wall plaque to commemorate the dead was installed in the village church some time after the conflict.
During World War II RAF North Witham was established near the village and the airfield was used by the USAAF later in the conflict. Following the end of World War II the airfield was closed, used for as an ammunition dump and test track for a time, before being donated to the Forestry Commission who still run the site under the name Twyford Wood. The village continues to be heavily influenced by aviation with RAF Cottesmore being located nearby, this means military aircraft can often be seen above the village.
A Parish Council was traditionally responsible for local issues, however control was merged into the Parish council for Colsterworth in 2007 because of a lack of interest from villagers in North Witham itself. The North Witham Parish council had previously met in the village hall: a cricket pavilion from the nearby village of Great Ponton which was moved to North Witham in the early 1960s. Although effectively merged with Colsterworth, the 'civil parish has not been abolished and remains a separate legal entity.
At district level the village falls into the Morkery ward of South Kesteven and is current represented at the district council by the Conservative Party Councillor Margery Radley. North Witham falls into the Grantham and Stamford parliamentary constituency and is represented by Nick Boles of the Conservative Party.
Records suggest that a school existed in the village prior to 1857, however it wasn't until 1872 that a purpose built school building was constructed by Browne's Hospital, Stamford. In September 1874 the school is recorded to have had 24 pupils, however by 1936 this had dropped to 14. During 1941 a German bomber, thought to have been under the illusion that it was above the nearby town of Grantham, bombed North Witham and completely destroyed the school. The remaining pupils continued to have lessons inside the rectory in the village until May 1942 when the six pupils were given places at South Witham and Colsterworth schools. Today children of a primary school age continue to attend the schools in the nearby village, however older children have to travel to nearby towns such as Grantham and Stamford to continue their education.
In the past the parish contained two public houses, the Plough Inn and the Black Bull, however both were closed in the 20th century. A village shop was opened in the village hall during the 1980s, but closed after two years. A previous telephone box was removed by British Telecom in 2007 after it was vandalised; a post box from the reign of King George VI is still in place. The village hall is in disrepair as have been the church's bells; one of the three bells was repaired in 2010.
- "Parish: North Witham". 2011 census key figures. Office for national statistics. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "Maps". Colsterworth and District Parish Council. Lincolnshire county council. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "COLSTERWORTH & DISTRICT PARISHES". Lincolnshire county council. Retrieved 1 June 2013. "Colsterworth and District Parish Council is a combined council consisting of the civil parishes of Colsterworth, (which includes the hamlet of Woolsthorpe By Colsterworth), Gunby and Stainby and recently North Witham, (which includes Lobthorpe)."
- "North Witham". Parish plan. Colsterworth parish council. November 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- Mills, A.D. (2003). Oxford dictionary of British placenames. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-852758-9. "a Celtic or pre-Celtic river-name of uncertain origin"
- Middle Saxon baked clay loom weight (891783). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
- St. Mary's Church (325504). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
- Deserted Medieval Village (1041482). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1360327)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
- "RAF North Witham". Bomber County Aviation Resource. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "Twyford wood". Forestry Commission. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- "Schools". North Witham. GENUKI. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
- English Heritage. "The old Black Bull (Grade II) (1168232)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
- "Route 28". Bus timetable. Centrebus. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- "Service 28". Lincolnshire county council. 1 Apr 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
Media related to North Witham at Wikimedia Commons
- Specimen parish magazine
- "History of North Witham". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 1 June 2013.