Northallerton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Northallerton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1640–1885

Northallerton was a parliamentary borough in the North Riding of Yorkshire, represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons briefly in the 13th century and again from 1640 to 1832, and by one member from 1832 until 1885.

The constituency consisted of the market town of Northallerton, the county town of the North Riding. In 1831 it encompassed only 622 houses and a population of 3,004. The right to vote was vested in the holders of the burgage tenements, of which there were roughly 200 – most of which were ruined or consisted only of stables or cowhouses, and had no value except for the vote which was attached to them. As in most other burgage boroughs, the ownership of the burgages had early become concentrated in the hands of a single family, who in effect had a free hand to nominate both MPs. At the time of the Great Reform Act in 1832, the patrons were the Earl of Harewood and Henry Peirse, who was the Earl's brother-in-law.

Under the Reform Act, the boundaries were extended to include neighbouring Romanby and Brompton, increasing the population to 4,839, and its representation was reduced to a single member. The Act also, of course, extended the franchise.

At the 1885 election, the constituency was abolished, being absorbed into the new Richmond division of the North Riding.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Northallerton re-enfranchised by Parliament, Nov 1640

MPs 1640–1832[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
November 1640 Henry Darley Parliamentarian John Wastell Parliamentarian
1653 Northallerton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654,1656 Northallerton was unrepresented in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 James Danby Major George Smithson
May 1659 Henry Darley One seat vacant
April 1660 Thomas Lascelles Francis Lascelles
July 1660 George Marwood[1]
1661 Gilbert Gerard[2] Roger Talbot
1679 Sir Henry Calverley
1685 Sir David Foulis Sir Henry Marwood
1689 Thomas Lascelles Sir William Robinson
1695 Sir William Hustler
1697 Ralph Milbancke
1701 Robert Dormer
February 1702 Daniel Lascelles
July 1702 John Aislabie Tory
November 1702 Robert Dormer
May 1705 Sir William Hustler
December 1705 Roger Gale
1710 Robert Raikes
1713 Leonard Smelt Henry Peirse
1715 Cholmley Turner
1722 Henry Peirse
1740 William Smelt
1745 Henry Lascelles
1752 Daniel Lascelles
1754 Edwin Lascelles Tory
1761 Edward Lascelles Tory
1774 Henry Peirse (younger) Whig
1780 Edwin Lascelles Tory
1790 Edward Lascelles Tory
1796 Viscount Lascelles Tory
1814 John Bacon Sawrey Morritt Tory
1818 Viscount Lascelles Tory
1820 William Lascelles Whig
1824 Marcus Beresford Whig
1826 Admiral Sir John Poo Beresford Tory Henry Lascelles Tory
1831 William Lascelles Tory

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 Representation reduced to one member
1832 John George Boss Whig
1835 William Battie-Wrightson Whig
1857 Liberal
1865 Charles Mills[3] Conservative
1866 Hon. Egremont William Lascelles Conservative
1868 John Hutton Conservative
1874 George William Elliot Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished: see Richmond (Yorks)

Notes

  1. ^ Created a baronet as Sir George Marwood, December 1660
  2. ^ Created a baronet as Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1665
  3. ^ Mills' election was declared void on petition, and a by-election held in which he did not stand as a candidate

References[edit]