Northam, Western Australia

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Northam
Western Australia
Northam street SMC.jpg
Northam is located in Western Australia
Northam
Northam
Coordinates 31°39′11″S 116°39′58″E / 31.65306°S 116.66611°E / -31.65306; 116.66611Coordinates: 31°39′11″S 116°39′58″E / 31.65306°S 116.66611°E / -31.65306; 116.66611
Population 6,580 (2011 Census)[1]
Established 1833
Postcode(s) 6401
Elevation 170 m (558 ft)
Location 96 km (60 mi) from Perth
LGA(s) Shire of Northam
State electorate(s) Central Wheatbelt
Federal Division(s) Pearce
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.2 °C
77 °F
10.9 °C
52 °F
429.3 mm
16.9 in

Northam /ˈnɔrð(ə)m/ is a town in Western Australia, situated at the confluence of the Avon and Mortlock Rivers, about 97 kilometres (60 mi) north-east of Perth in the Avon Valley. At the 2011 census, Northam had a population of 6,580.[1] Northam is the largest town in the Avon region. It is also the largest inland town in the state not founded on mining.

History[edit]

The area around Northam was first explored in 1830 by a party of colonists led by Ensign Robert Dale, and subsequently founded in 1833. It was named by Governor Stirling, probably after a village of the same name in Devon, England. Almost immediately it became a point of departure for explorers and settlers who were interested in the lands which lay to the east.

This initial importance declined with the growing importance of the other nearby towns of York and Beverley, but the arrival of the railway made Northam the major departure point for fossickers and miners who headed east towards the goldfields.

Northam was the focus of nationwide media attention in 2009 after its police arrested and detained a 12 year old Aboriginal boy on charges of receiving stolen goods after he had been given a Freddo Frog, a small chocolate snack, stolen from a shop.[2] After missing a court date in connection with the matter, the boy, who had no previous convictions, had been arrested and held for several hours in a police cell.[3] The boy's lawyer, Peter Collins from the Aboriginal Legal Service, suggested that the same action would not have been taken against a "non-Aboriginal kid from an affluent Perth suburb with professional parents".[4] The police denied this, and said the boy had come to their attention in the past. The charges were subsequently dropped, and an order for legal costs of one thousand Australian dollars was made in the boy's favour.[5]

A severe thunderstorm lashed the town and surrounding areas on 27 January 2011 resulting in roofs being ripped off, trees being uprooted and power lines being brought down.[6] About 50 houses were damaged in the town as a result of the storm but no injuries were reported.[7]

Northam Migrant Accommodation Centre[edit]

During the 1940s and 1950s in Northam there were extensive camps for displaced persons and immigrants from continental Europe.

The Northam Migrant Accommodation Centre closed in September 1951. It had been the first place of residence in Western Australia for approximately 15,000 immigrants from the Baltic states, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Italy, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, Belarus and Bulgaria.[8] During the peak immigration period, Northam had the largest immigrant receiving facilities within the State and the third largest in Australia.[9] By 1950, the camp housed 4,000 people and two new blocks of huts were built to accommodate them all.[10] By May 1954, 23,000 migrants had passed through the Northam Camp once the Accommodation Centre had closed. A significant number of these post-war arrivals eventually settled in the Northam area.

Yongah Hill Immigration Detention Centre[edit]

On 18 October 2010 the Yongah Hill (YHIDC) centre was announced as being established at the former Northam Training Camp.[11][12][13][14] It was not opened until early 2012, however, and, after it was downsized from the original 1500 expected occupancy, talk of expansion has been happening.

It is run by Serco for the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Australia.

Climate[edit]

Northam has a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters.

Climate data for Northam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.2
(115.2)
48.1
(118.6)
43.9
(111)
39.5
(103.1)
35.2
(95.4)
27.2
(81)
25.2
(77.4)
28.3
(82.9)
34.6
(94.3)
39.4
(102.9)
44.1
(111.4)
45.6
(114.1)
48.1
(118.6)
Average high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
33.7
(92.7)
30.8
(87.4)
26.1
(79)
21.2
(70.2)
17.9
(64.2)
16.9
(62.4)
17.9
(64.2)
20.4
(68.7)
24.0
(75.2)
28.5
(83.3)
32.1
(89.8)
25.3
(77.5)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
17.2
(63)
15.4
(59.7)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
6.5
(43.7)
5.4
(41.7)
5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
8.9
(48)
12.4
(54.3)
15.3
(59.5)
10.9
(51.6)
Record low °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.9
(46.2)
4.9
(40.8)
0.6
(33.1)
−2.2
(28)
−3.9
(25)
−3.2
(26.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.1
(35.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.9
(25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10.4
(0.409)
13.2
(0.52)
18.3
(0.72)
23.3
(0.917)
55.5
(2.185)
80.4
(3.165)
82.8
(3.26)
60.7
(2.39)
37.0
(1.457)
24.5
(0.965)
12.2
(0.48)
9.2
(0.362)
426.9
(16.807)
Avg. precipitation days 1.9 2.1 3.0 5.5 10.5 14.5 15.9 13.8 10.7 7.2 4.0 2.2 91.3
Source: [15]

Government[edit]

For many years Northam consisted of the Town of Northam and Shire of Northam. After 53 years of debates and attempts, these two councils merged on 1 July 2007 to form one new council called the Shire of Northam.

Airport and roads[edit]

Northam airport, at the junction of Great Eastern Highway with Route 115, near the bridge over Mortlock River North

River[edit]

The town and hinterland of Northam are located in the Avon Valley - so named after the river the Avon River. It has been periodically flooded, and man-made banks protect the town from inundation. The Avon is a name commonly used by organisations, newspapers and sporting groups.

Burlong Pool a pool just south of the town was known as the Burlong swimming pool, and in the 1890s the location of the source of water for the Goldfields Water Trains[16]

Transport[edit]

Northam is connected to Perth via coach services N3 and N5 and rail services Prospector and Avon link provided by Transwa

Tourism[edit]

Northam has a number of tourist attractions, including Hot Air Ballooning, wineries, cafes & restaurants, museums, hotels and resorts.

Railways[edit]

Northam is a major railway junction, and serves as the commercial centre for much of the western Wheatbelt. The dual gauge Eastern Railway terminates here and becomes the standard gauge Eastern Goldfields Railway. Narrow gauge radiates both south of the town to York and beyond (Great Southern Railway), and north to Goomalling, another rural railway junction.

Current railway station[edit]

The Northam railway station is used for the Prospector and Avonlink rural train services.

Original Railway Station[edit]

The original station on Fitzgerald Street was opened in 1900 and closed in 1966 when the new Eastern Railway route became operational.[17]

Avon Yard[edit]

The WAGR originally created it as the Avon Marshalling Yard, and more recent operators in the yards such as Australian Railroad Group have named it the Avon Yard

Rail services[edit]

Preceding station   Transwa Trains network   Following station
towards East Perth
Avonlink
East Perth - Merredin
towards Merredin
towards Midland
Avonlink
Midland - Northam
Terminus
towards East Perth
Prospector
towards Kalgoorlie
Preceding station   Great Southern Railway   Following station
towards East Perth
Indian Pacific
towards Sydney

Education[edit]

See Northam Senior High School

Northam has a Senior High School that conducts classes from Year 8 to Year 12. It also has 3 public Primary Schools, Northam Primary School, West Northam Primary School and Avonvale Primary School, that conducts classes from kindergarten to Year 7.

Northam has a Private Catholic School called St Josephs, which provides an alternative to public schools. St Josephs conducts classes from Kindy to Year 12.

Sport[edit]

Northam has some very committed sporting teams. Australian rules football is an obsession with many of the people of Western Australia. Northam has two teams that play in the Avon Football Association competition, Federals and Railways.

Field and indoor hockey, cricket, and netball also attract significant numbers of players and spectators. Individual sports such as tennis and cycling including BMX are also popular.

The BMX State Championships were held in Northam in 2003 with 3,000 competitors and spectators attending the event for over a week with Northam competitors showing their dominance in the sport in the state. Three local riders who participated in this event (Dale Reynolds - then ranked 3WA for 18 Men's, Chris Marris - then ranked 1WA for 18 Men's, and Kyle Martin - then ranked 4WA for 18 Men's) have subsequently completed cross country rides from Adelaide to Perth demonstrating the interest in cycling in Northam.

Steve Fossett became the first person to fly around the world alone, non-stop, in a hot air balloon when he launched from Northam on 19 June 2002, and returned to Australia on 3 July, landing in Queensland.[18]

Events in Northam[edit]

The Avon Descent is held every year starting in Northam.

The Northam Flying 50's, a historic car racing event, is held each year in early April and attracts around 5,000 spectators each year.

The Northam Agricultural Show is also a yearly attraction which is held over a Friday and a Saturday in mid September.

The Kep Ultra running race is held each year on the Foundation Day long weekend in early June. The race starts in Northam and includes 100 km and 75 km events finishing at Mundaring Weir.[19]

Notable people[edit]

Northam is the birthplace of the following people:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Northam (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Freddo case 'unfortunate' for police". ABC News. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Freddo Frog charge to be withdrawn". WA News. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Case dropped against Freddo Frog 'criminal'". news.com.au. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Boy, 12, awarded costs for chocolate frog charge". Perth Now. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Wheatbelt towns lashed by thunderstorms, but cyclone warning cancelled". The Sunday Times. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Houses damaged in trail of destruction across WA". The West Australian. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  8. ^ See for example, a biographical account of a migrant at the Northam Accommodation Centre
  9. ^ Peters, Nonja; Bush, Fiona; Gregory, Jenny (Jennifer Anne); Australian Heritage Commission; University of Western Australia. Centre for Western Australian History; Heritage Council of Western Australia (1993), The Holden Immigration Camp, Northam, Centre for Western Australian History; [East Perth, W.A. : distributed by the Heritage Council], retrieved 1 April 2013 
  10. ^ Northam Accommodation Centre
  11. ^ http://www.immi.gov.au/managing-australias-borders/detention/facilities/northam-bulletin/northam-faqs.htm#a
  12. ^ http://www.avonadvocate.com.au/news/local/news/general/14m-sports-grounds-at-detention-centre/2532496.aspx.
  13. ^ http://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/a/-/breaking/12845955/detention-centre-will-overstretch-resources/
  14. ^ http://www.eco-shout.org/showevent.php?id=3562
  15. ^ "Climate statistics for Northam". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Northam.". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 17 December 1897. p. 24. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  17. ^ Breath of life for old railway station Avon Valley Advocate Retrieved 1 January 2007.
  18. ^ First successful solo attempt
  19. ^ Kep Ultra website
  20. ^ "Rhodes Scholar". Western Mail (Perth, WA). 10 December 1936. p. 33. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  21. ^ Farquharson, John (16 October 2007). "The Guardian - Obituaries - Kim Beazley Snr.". London. Retrieved 3 June 2008. 
  22. ^ "West Coast Eagles Football Club - Player Profile - Darren Glass". 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008. 
  23. ^ "John Curtin Centre - Carmen Lawrence - Member for Fremantle". 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008. 
  24. ^ "Notification of Captain Hugo Throssell's Victoria Cross, 1916". National Archives of Australia. Australian Government. 25 March 1916. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Peters, Nonja, and Fiona Bush and Jenny Gregory The Holden Immigration Camp, Northam Nedlands, W.A. Centre for Western Australian History; East Perth, W.A: distributed by the Heritage Council], 1993.

External links[edit]