Northampton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Northampton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Northamptonshire
Major settlements Northampton
1295–1918
Number of members One
19181974
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Northampton North and Northampton South

Northampton was a parliamentary constituency (centred on the town of Northampton), which existed until 1974.

It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until its representation was reduced to one member for the 1918 general election. The constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was replaced by the new constituencies of Northampton North and Northampton South.

A former MP of note for the constituency was Spencer Perceval, the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

1295-1640[edit]

  • 1295: constituency established, electing two MPs
Parliament First member Second member
1377 Sir Gerard de Braybooke of Castle Ashby
1377 Sir Thomas Preston of Gretton
1378 Sir John Seton
1379 Sir Thomas Preston of Gretton
1380 Sir Thomas Preston of Gretton
1382 Giles St John of Plumpton
1386 William Spriggy William Ringwood [1]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Pirie John Stotesbury [1]
1388 (Sep) John Honybourne John Besford [1]
1390 (Jan) John Colingtree John Sywell [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 William Begworth John Stotesbury [1]
1393 William Spriggy Stephen Wappenham [1]
1394
1395 Nicholas Horncastle John Woodward [1]
1397 (Jan) Richard Stormsworth Thomas Overton [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 John Loudham John Spring [1]
1401
1406 Henry Empingham Thomas Wintringham [1]
1407 John Rivell John Temple[1]
1410 Simon Dunstall John Lincoln [1]
1411 Richard Wems William Rushden [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Roger Maltman Alexander Deyster [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Geoffrey Balde John Hethersett [1]
1415
1416 (Mar) John Hendley John Buckingham [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417 William Clerk Thomas Colley [1]
1419 Thomas Stotesbury Ralph Passenham [1]
1420 William Maltman William Harpole [1]
1421 (May) John Bernhill John Colden[1]
1421 (Dec) John Spriggy Stephen Kynnesman [1]
1427 Thomas Compworth
1477–1478 Robert Pemberton
1510-1515 No names known [2]
1523 John Parvyn Thomas Doddington [2]
1529 Lawrence Manley Nicholas Rand [2]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545  ?
1547 Richard Wenman Anthony Bryan [2]
1553 (Mar) George Tresham William Chauncy [2]
1553 (Oct) Francis Morgan Lawrence Manley [2]
1554 (Apr) Francis Morgan John Horpool [2]
1554 (Nov) Henry Clerke Ralph Freeman [2]
1555 Nicholas Rand John Balgye [2]
1558 Thomas Colles Edward Manley [2]
1559 (Jan) William Carvell Edmund (or Edward) Kinwelmersh[3]
1562/3 Lewis Montgomery Ralph Lane [3]
1571 Christopher Yelverton William Lane [3]|- [3]
1572 (Apr) Christopher Yelverton John Spencer [3]
1584 (Nov) Sir Richard Knightley Thomas Catesby [3]
1586 (Sep) Sir Richard Knightley Peter Wentworth [3]
1588 (Oct) Peter Wentworth Richard Knollys [3]
1593 Valentine Knightley Peter Wentworth [3]
1597 (Oct) Christopher Yelverton Henry Yelverton [3]
1601 Henry Hickman Francis Tate [3]
1604 Henry Yelverton Edward Mercer
1614 Henry Yelverton Francis Beale
1621-1622 Richard Spencer Thomas Crewe
1624 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1625 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1626 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1628 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened

1640-1918[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Richard Knightley Parliamentarian Zouch Tate Parliamentarian
November 1640
December 1648 Knightley excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant Tate not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Northampton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Peter Whalley Northampton had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Francis Harvey
January 1659 James Langham
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
March 1660 Francis Harvey Richard Rainsford
June 1660 Sir John Norwich, Bt.
April 1661 Francis Harvey James Langham
November 1661 Sir Charles Compton Richard Rainsford
1662 Sir James Langham, Bt.
March 1663 Sir William Dudley, Bt.
April 1663 Hon. Christopher Hatton
March 1664 Sir John Bernard
April 1664 Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt.
1670 Sir William Fermor Lord Ibrackan
1678 Hon. Ralph Montagu
February 1679 Sir Hugh Cholmley, Bt.
August 1679 William Langham Hon. Ralph Montagu
1685 Richard Rainsford Sir Justinian Isham, Bt.
1689 William Langham
1690 Sir Thomas Samwell, Bt.
1694 Sir Justinian Isham, Bt.
1695 Christopher Montagu
1698 William Thursby
1701 Thomas Andrew
1702 Sir Matthew Dudley, Bt. Bartholomew Tate
1704 Francis Arundell
1705 George Montagu
1710 William Wykes
1715 William Wilmer
1722 Edward Montagu
1727 Hon. George Compton
1734 William Wilmer
1744 George Montagu
April 1754 Charles Montagu
December 1754 Hon. Charles Compton
1755 Richard Backwell
1759 Frederick Montagu
1761 Spencer Compton
1763 Lucy Knightly
1768 Vice-Admiral Sir George Brydges Rodney Sir George Osborn, Bt. [4]
1769 Hon. Thomas Howe
1771 Wilbraham Tollemache
1774 Sir George Robinson, 5th Bt.
1780 Viscount Althorp George Rodney
1782 The Lord Lucan
1784 Lord Compton Fiennes Trotman
1790 Hon. Edward Bouverie
1796 Hon. Spencer Perceval
1810 William Hanbury Bateman
1812 Earl Compton
1818 Sir Edward Kerrison, Bt.
1820 Sir George Robinson, 6th Bt. William Leader Maberly
1830 Sir Robert Gunning, Bt.
1831 Robert Vernon Smith Whig
1832 Charles Ross Conservative
1837 Raikes Currie Whig
1857 Charles Gilpin Whig
1859 Liberal Liberal
1859 by-election The Lord Henley Liberal
February 1874 Pickering Phipps Conservative
October 1874 by-election Charles George Merewether [5] Conservative
1880 Henry du Pré Labouchère Liberal Charles Bradlaugh Liberal
1891 by-election (Sir) Moses Philip Manfield Liberal
1895 Charles Gustavus Adolphus Drucker Conservative
1900 John Greenwood Shipman Liberal
1906 Herbert Woodfield Paul Liberal
Jan. 1910 Hastings Bertrand Lees-Smith Liberal Charles McCurdy Liberal
1918 Representation reduced to one member

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  4. ^ On petition, Osborn was declared not to have been duly elected and his opponent Howe was declared elected in his place
  5. ^ Account of the 1874 by-election in The Times, Thursday, Oct 08, 1874; pg. 10; Issue 28128; col E "The Northampton Election" . Charles Merewether is among a list of former MPs who have died in 1884 in The Times, Wednesday, 31 December 1884; page. 7; Issue 31331; col A. At that time he was a Queen's Counsel. He was appointed Recorder of Leicester in 1868 Source: The Leicester Chronicle and the Leicestershire Mercury, Saturday, 24 October 1868; pg. 6. "Borough Sessions Wednesday 21 October".

1918-1974[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Charles McCurdy Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Margaret Bondfield Labour
1924 Sir Arthur Holland Conservative
1928 by-election Cecil Malone Labour
1931 Sir Mervyn Manningham-Buller Conservative
1940 by-election Spencer Summers Conservative
1945 Reginald Paget Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Henry Labouchère
General Election 1900 Northampton [1]

Electorate 12,180

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickY John Greenwood Shipman 5,437 28.2
Liberal Green tickY Henry Du Pré Labouchère 5,281
Conservative Richard Rouse Boughton Orlebar 4,480
Conservative H E Randall 4,124
Majority
Turnout 83.1
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1906 Northampton [2]

Electorate 11,954

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickY Herbert Woodfield Paul 4,479
Liberal Green tickYJohn Greenwood Shipman 4,244
Conservative Richard Rouse Boughton Orlebar 4,078
Conservative Frederick Gorell Barnes 4,000 18.4
Social Democratic Federation J E Williams 2,544 11.7
Social Democratic Federation James Gribble 2,366 10.9
Majority 166 0.7
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
Henry Quelch
General Election January 1910 Northampton [3]

Electorate 12,580

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickYHastings Bertrand Lees-Smith 5,398 23.3
Liberal Green tickYCharles Albert McCurdy 5,289 22.9
Conservative Richard Rouse Boughton Orlebar 4,569 19.8
Conservative Frederick Gorell Barnes 4,464 19.3
Social Democratic Federation James Gribble 1,792 7.7
Social Democratic Federation Henry Quelch 1,617 7.0
Majority 720 3.1
Turnout 92.7
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
Charles McCurdy
General Election December 1910 Northampton [4]

Electorate 12,580

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickYCharles Albert McCurdy 6,179 28.6
Liberal Green tickYHastings Bertrand Lees-Smith 6,025 27.8
Conservative Frederick Charles Parker 4,885 22.6
Conservative John Veasey Collier 4,550 21.0
Majority 1,140 5.2
Turnout 87.7
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Liberal:
  • Unionist:
  • Labour:

(One Liberal candidate expected to run in tandem with one Labour candidate)

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Northampton by-election, 1928[5]

Electorate: 48,048

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cecil John L'Estrange Malone 15.173 37.5 +0.3
Unionist Alexander Frederick Gordon Renton 14,616 36.1 -3.4
Liberal Sydney Cope Morgan 9,584 23.7 +0.4
Independent Conservative E. Augustine Hailwood 1,093 2.7 +2.7
Majority 557 1.4 3.8
Turnout 84.2 -2.8
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +1.9

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Cambridge University in 1806
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1809 - 1812
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Newport (Isle of Wight) in 1827