Northampton County, North Carolina

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Northampton County, North Carolina
Seal of Northampton County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Northampton County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1741
Named for James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton
Seat Jackson
Largest town Garysburg
Area
 • Total 551 sq mi (1,427 km2)
 • Land 536 sq mi (1,388 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 2.57%
Population
 • (2010) 22,099
 • Density 41/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.northamptonnc.com

Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,099.[1] Its county seat is Jackson.[2]

Northampton County is part of the Roanoke Rapids, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Rocky Mount-Wilson-Roanoke Rapids, NC Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1741 from Bertie County. It was named for James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton. In 1759 parts of Northampton County, Bertie County, and Chowan County were combined to form Hertford County.

In 1959, the county went to the U.S. Supreme Court to defend the use of a literacy test as a requirement to vote. In Lassiter v. Northampton County Board of Elections, the court held that, provided the tests were applied equally to all races and were not "merely a device to make racial discrimination easy," they were allowable.[3] Congress subsequently prohibited use of such tests under the National Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Law and government[edit]

Northampton County is a member of the regional Upper Coastal Plain Council of Governments.

Politics[edit]

It is a traditionally Democratic county and was one of only two counties in the state won by George McGovern.[4] The last Democratic candidate to lose the county was William Jennings Bryan in 1896.[5] In the last five Presidential elections the Democratic candidate has consistently received over 63% of the county's vote.[6]

It is part of North Carolina's 1st congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+9 and has been represented by a Democratic Congressman since 1899. It is currently represented by G. K. Butterfield.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 551 square miles (1,430 km2), of which, 536 square miles (1,390 km2) of it is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) of it (2.57%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,992
1800 12,353 23.6%
1810 13,082 5.9%
1820 13,242 1.2%
1830 13,391 1.1%
1840 13,369 −0.2%
1850 13,335 −0.3%
1860 13,372 0.3%
1870 14,749 10.3%
1880 20,032 35.8%
1890 21,242 6.0%
1900 21,150 −0.4%
1910 22,323 5.5%
1920 23,184 3.9%
1930 27,161 17.2%
1940 28,299 4.2%
1950 28,432 0.5%
1960 26,811 −5.7%
1970 24,009 −10.5%
1980 22,584 −5.9%
1990 20,798 −7.9%
2000 22,086 6.2%
2010 22,099 0.1%
Est. 2012 21,428 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,099 people residing in the county. 58.4% were Black or African American, 39.2% White, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.8% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 22,086 people, 8,691 households, and 5,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 10,455 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 39.09% White, 59.43% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,691 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.50% were married couples living together, 18.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,652, and the median income for a family was $34,648. Males had a median income of $27,970 versus $21,183 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,413. About 17.00% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.80% of those under age 18 and 21.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Map of Northampton County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into nine townships: Gaston, Jackson, Kirby, Occoneechee, Pleasant Hill, Rich Square, Roanoke, Seaboard, and Wiccanee.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Lassiter v. Northampton County Board of Elections, 360 U.S. 45 (1959). Findlaw.com; retrieved 2010-12-07.
  4. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for North Carolina by election)
  5. ^ Geographie Electorale
  6. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on North Carolina)
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°25′N 77°24′W / 36.42°N 77.40°W / 36.42; -77.40