Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Northamptonshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1290–1832
Number of members two

The county constituency of Northamptonshire, in the East Midlands of England was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832 and was represented in Parliament by two MPs, traditionally known as Knights of the Shire.

After 1832 the county was split into two new constituencies, North Northamptonshire and South Northamptonshire.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted of the historic county of Northamptonshire. Although the county contained a number of parliamentary boroughs, each of which elected one or two MPs in its own right for parts of the period when Northamptonshire was a constituency, these areas were not excluded from the county constituency. Owning freehold property of the required value, within such boroughs, could confer a vote at the county election. (After 1832, only non-resident owners of forty shilling freeholds situated in borough seats could qualify for a county vote on the basis of that property.)

Members of Parliament[edit]

1290-1640[edit]

Constituency created (1290)

Parliament First member Second member
1319 Sir William Trussell
1324 Henry de Trailly
1337 John de Seyton
1380 (Jan) John Tyndale
1382 (Oct) John Wydeville John Tyndale
1383 (Feb) John Wydeville John Tyndale
1383 (Oct) John Wydeville
1384 (Apr) Roger de la Chamber John Tyndale
1384 (Nov) Roger de la Chamber John Tyndale
1385 Sir Giles Mallory
1386 Roger de la Chamber John Tyndale [1]
1388 (Feb) Sir Giles Mallory John Wydeville [1]
1388 (Sep) John Harrowden John Mulsho [1]
1390 (Jan) Roger de la Chamber John Mulsho [1]
1390 (Nov) John Wydeville John Mulsho [1]
1391 Roger de la Chamber Sir Nicholas Lilling [1]
1393 Sir Giles Mallory John Tyndale [1]
1394 Sir Henry Green Sir Giles Mallory [1]
1395 Roger de la Chamber Robert Chiselden [1]
1397 (Jan) Sir Henry Green John Cope [1]
1397 (Sep) Hugh Northborough John Mulsho [1]
1399 John Cope Robert Chiselden [1]
1401 Sir Giles Mallory John Warwick [1]
1402 Sir Giles Mallory John Cope [1]
1404 (Jan) Sir John Trussell Ralph Parles [1]
1404 (Oct) Ralph Green John Cope [1]
1406 Ralph Parles / John Cope John Warwick [1]
1407 John Tyndale Thomas Wake [1]
1410 Sir John St. John Ralph Green [1]
1411 Sir John St. John William Huddlestone [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Nicholas Merbury Thomas Wake [1]
1414 (Apr) Thomas Wydeville Nicholas Merbury [1]
1414 (Nov) Sir John Trussell John Mortimer [1]
1415
1416 (Mar) Sir John St. John William Huddlestone [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Mulsho Thomas Wake [1]
1419 Thomas Strange John Boseno [1]
1420 Sir John Beaufo Richard Knightley [1]
1421 (May) Sir John St. John Thomas Strange [1]
1421 (Dec) Sir John Knyvet Simon Kynnesman [1]
1423 William Tresham Richard Knightley
1425 John Catesby
1427 William Tresham
1429 William Tresham John Catesby
1431  ?
1432 William Tresham
1433 William Tresham
1435 William Tresham
1437  ?
1439 William Tresham Richard Knightley
1442 William Tresham
1445 William Tresham
1447 William Tresham Henry Green
1449 (Feb) William Tresham William Catesby
1449 (Oct) William Tresham Thomas Thorpe
1450 (Nov) Thomas Mulsho
1453 Sir Thomas Tresham William Catesby
1459 Sir Thomas Tresham
1484 William Catesby
1486 Sir Thomas Lovell
1491 Richard Empson Davy Philip
1510–1512 No names known[2]
1515  ?Sir Nicholas Vaux  ? [2]
1523
1529 Sir William Parr Richard Knightley[2]
1536
1539 Sir William Parr Sir Thomas Tresham [2]
1542 Sir Thomas Tresham Sir William Newenham [2]
1545
1547 Henry Williams Sir John Cope [2]
1553 (Mar) Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Robert Lane [2]
1553 (Oct) Sir John Fermor William Chauncy [2]
1554 (Apr) Sir Thomas Tresham Sir John Spencer [2]
1554 (Nov) Sir Thomas Tresham William Chauncy [2]
1555 Sir John Fermor William Chauncy [2]

As there were sometimes significant gaps between Parliaments, the dates of first assembly and dissolution are given for those up to 1640. Where the name of the member has not yet been ascertained or is not recorded in a surviving document, the entry unknown is entered in the table.

Elected Assembled Dissolved First Member Second Member
1558 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 Sir Walter Mildmay Sir John Spencer
1559 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 Edward Montagu
1562 1562 Ralph Sheldon
1563 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 Sir William Cecil
1571 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 Sir Robert Lane
1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 (Sir) Christopher Hatton
1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585
1586 15 October 1586 23 March 1587
1588 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 Sir Richard Knightley
1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 Sir Thomas Cecil Christopher Yelverton
1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 Sir Richard Knightley
1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 Sir John Stanhope Sir William Lane
1604 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 Sir Valentine Knightley Sir Edward Montagu
1614 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 Sir William Tate [3]
1620 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 Sir William Spencer
(1621) Richard Knightley [4]
1624 12 February 1624 27 March 1625
1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625
1626 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 Sir John Pickering
1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 Francis Nicolls Richard Knightley
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened

1640-1832[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
Northamptonshire was represented by 2 elected Knights of the Shire
1640, April John Crew Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
1640, November Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt Parliamentarian Sir John Dryden, Bt Parliamentarian
Northamptonshire was represented by 2 nominated MPs in Barebones Parliament
1653 [5] Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt Thomas Brooke
Northamptonshire's representation was increased to 6 elected MPs in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654 (1) Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt (2) John Crew [6]
(3) Sir John Norwich, Bt (4) John Claypole, senior
(5) Sir John Dryden, Bt (6) Thomas Brooke
1656 (1) Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt (2) John Claypole[7]
(3) William Boteler (4) James Langham
(5) Thomas Crew (6) Alexander Blake
Northamptonshire's representation was decreased to 2 MPs in the Third Parliament of the Protectorate and thereafter
1659, January Richard Knightley Philip Holman
1659, May Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt vacant
1660, April 22 John Crew Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt
1661, March 21 Sir Justinian Isham, 2nd Bt George Clerke
1675, April 29 Lord Burghley
1678, February 28 Miles Fleetwood
1679, February 6 Sir Roger Norwich, Bt John Parkhurst
1679, August 21 Miles Fleetwood
1685, May 12 Sir Roger Norwich, Bt Edward Montagu Tory
1689, January 14 Edward Harby Whig
1689, June 13 Sir Thomas Samwell, Bt
1690, February 20 Sir St Andrew St John, Bt Whig John Parkhurst Whig
1695, November 14 Thomas Cartwright Tory
1698, July 21 Sir Justinian Isham, 4th Bt Tory John Parkhurst Whig
1701, December 4 Thomas Cartwright Tory
1730, May 21 Sir Justinian Isham, 5th Bt
1737, March 31 Sir Edmund Isham, Bt
1748, April 14 Valentine Knightley
1754, December 26 William Cartwright
1768, March 31 Sir William Dolben, Bt
1773, January 14 Lucy Knightly
1774, October 18 Thomas Powys
1784, April 15 Sir James Langham, Bt
1790, June 23 Francis Dickins
1797, August 2 William Ralph Cartwright Tory
1806, November 12 Viscount Althorp Whig
1831, May 23 Viscount Milton Whig
Constituency abolished 1832: see North Northamptonshire and South Northamptonshire.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  3. ^ "TATE, Sir William (1559/60-1617), of Delapré Abbey, Northants.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Elected following the elevation of Sir Edward Montagu to the peerage in 1621
  5. ^ From: 'List of members nominated for Parliament of 1653', Diary of Thomas Burton esq, volume 4: March - April 1659 (1828), pp. 499-500. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36965. Date accessed: 27 January 2008.
  6. ^ Appointed to Cromwell's Upper House, which first sat on 20 January 1658.
  7. ^ Claypole was also elected for Carmarthenshire and chose Northamptonshire.[1]

Elections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]