Northeast Coast Campaign (1747)

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For other uses, see Northeast Coast Campaign.
Northeast Coast Campaign (1747)
Part of King George's War
Brigadier General Samuel Waldo.jpg
Commander Samuel Waldo
Date April - September, 1747
Location Berwick, Maine to St. Georges (Thomaston, Maine)
Result French and Wabanaki Confederacy victory
Belligerents
 English colonists  French colonists
 Wabanaki Confederacy
Commanders and leaders
Commander Samuel Waldo (Falmouth)[1]
Captain Jonathan Williamson
Strength
625
unknown
Casualties and losses
approximately 30 persons killed or captured unknown

The Northeast Coast Campaign (1747) was conducted by the Wabanaki Confederacy of Acadia against the New England settlements along the coast of present-day Maine below the Kennebec River, the former border of Acadia. during King George's War from July until September 1747. They attacked English settlements on the coast of present-day Maine between Berwick and St. Georges (Thomaston, Maine), within two months there were 11 raids - every town on the frontier had been attacked.[2] Casco (also known as Falmouth and Portland) was the principal settlement.

Background[edit]

Main article: King George's War

After the two attacks on Annapolis Royal in 1744, Governor William Shirley put a bounty on the Passamaquoddy, Mi’kmaq and Maliseet on Oct 20.[3] The following year, during the Campaign, on August 23, 1745, Shirley declared war against the rest of the Wabanaki Confederacy – the Penobscot and Kennebec tribes.[4] In response to the New England expedition against Louisbourg which finished in June 1745, the Wabanaki retaliated by attacking the New England border.[5] New England braced itself for such an attack by appointing a provisional force of 450 to defend the frontier. After the attacks began they increased the number of soldiers by 175 men.[6] Massachusetts established forts along the border with Acadia: Fort George at Brunswick (1715),[7] St. George's Fort at Thomaston (1720), and Fort Richmond (1721) at Richmond.[8] Fort Frederick was established at Pemaquid (Bristol, Maine).

After the Northeast Coast Campaign (1745) and 1746), the 1747 followed.

The campaign[edit]

Part of a series on the
Military history of
Nova Scotia
Citadel hill.jpg
Events
Battle of Port Royal 1690
Conquest of Acadia 1710
Battle of Jeddore Harbour 1722
Northeast Coast Campaign 1745
Battle of Grand Pré 1747
Dartmouth Massacre 1751
Bay of Fundy Campaign 1755
Fall of Louisbourg 1758
Headquarters established for Royal Navy's North American Station 1758
Burying the Hatchet ceremony 1761
Battle of Fort Cumberland 1776
Raid on Lunenburg 1782
Halifax Impressment Riot 1805
Establishment of New Ireland 1812
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1813
Battle at the Great Redan 1855
Siege of Lucknow 1857
CSS Tallahassee Escape 1861
Departing Halifax for Northwest Rebellion 1885
Departing Halifax for the Boer War 1899
Imprisonment of Leon Trotsky 1917
Jewish Legion formed 1917
Sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle 1918
Battle of the St. Lawrence 1942–44
Sinking of SS Point Pleasant Park 1945
Halifax VE-Day Riot 1945
Walter Callow Wheelchair Bus established 1947
Notable military regiments
Mi'kmaq militias 1677-1779
Acadian militias 1689-1761
40th Regiment 1717-57
Troupes de la marine 1717-58
Gorham's Rangers 1744-62
Danks' Rangers 1756-62
84th Regiment of Foot 1775-84
Royal Fencible American 1775-83
Royal Nova Scotia Volunteers 1775-83
King's Orange Rangers 1776-83
1st Field Artillery 1791-present
Royal Nova Scotia 1793-1802
Nova Scotia Fencibles 1803-16
The Halifax Rifles (RCAC) 1860-present
The Princess Louise Fusiliers 1867-present
78th Highlanders 1869-71
Cape Breton Highlanders 1871-present
Nova Scotia Rifles 1914-19
No. 2 Construction Battalion 1916-19
West Nova Scotia 1916-present
The Nova Scotia Highlanders 1954-present
Other

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Wabanaki Confederacy began their first raid on April 13 at Scarborough, killing two and taking four prisoners.[9]

A militia of 50 natives raided Falmouth on April 21, killing cattle and attacking Mr. Frost’s family, taking captive his wife and six children.[10] Despite sending 26 men after then under Captain IIsley, they were unable to catch the native and their prsoners.[11]

Capt. Jordan’s company of 30 was posted from Falmouth to Topsham, leaving the town defenseless. The natives killed two women, a man. Crossing the Androscoggin in canoe, natives killded tow men and wounded the third, one woman excaped.[12]

On 26 May, 100 natives attacked Fort Frederick at Pemaquid.[13] The killed five soldiers, five recruits and the other inhabitants were taken prisoner.

At Damariscotta, natives took one prisoner, killing his wife and child.[14]

At Wiscasset, the natives again seized Capt. Jonathan Williamson.[15]

At Fort Frederick in early September a company of 60 natives attacked. Killing five guards and then attacked for two hours and then withdrew.[16] [17] At Fort Georges, naties tried, unsuccessfully, to dig a tunnel into the fort.[18]

Aftermath[edit]

Natives took Frances Noble captive close to Fort Richmond in 1748. Frances Noble wrote her captivity narrative.[19][20]

Natives also killed a number of British at Fort St. Georges in the fall of 1748.[21]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Folsom, p. 242
  2. ^ Williamson, p. 240
  3. ^ Williamson, p. 217-218
  4. ^ Williamson, p. 240
  5. ^ Williamson, p. 239
  6. ^ Williamson, p. 239
  7. ^ Fort George replaced Fort Andros which was built during King William's War (1688).
  8. ^ The history of the state of Maine: from its first discovery, A.D ..., Volume 2, by William Durkee Williamson. 1832. p.88, 97.
  9. ^ Williamson, p. 251
  10. ^ Williamson, p. 251
  11. ^ Williamson, p. 251
  12. ^ Williamson, p. 252
  13. ^ Williamson, p. 252
  14. ^ Williamson, p. 252
  15. ^ Williamson, p. 252
  16. ^ p. 127
  17. ^ Williamson, p. 254
  18. ^ Williamson, p. 254
  19. ^ Samuel Gardner Drake (1841). Tragedies of the wilderness, or True and authentic narratives of captives who have been carried away by the Indians from the various frontier settlements of the United States, from the earliest to the present time.... pp. 166–172. 
  20. ^ https://archive.org/stream/acg3054.0002.010.umich.edu#page/199/mode/1up
  21. ^ p. 160, 163, 164, 172, 174

References[edit]