Northeast Italy

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Northeast Italy
"A picture showing Northeast Italy highlighted in red in a political map of Italy."
Regional statistics
Composition Emilia-Romagna Emilia-Romagna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Veneto Veneto
Area
 - Total

62,310 km2 (24,058 sq mi)
Population
 - Total

 - Density

11,638,363[1] (2010 est.) 186.8/km² (483.7/sq mi)
Largest city Bologna (pop. 380,604)
GDP €357.4 billion (2008)[2]

Northeast Italy (Italian: Italia nord-orientale or just Nordest) is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a first level NUTS region and a European Parliament constituency. Northeast encompasses four of the country's 20 regions:

Culture[edit]

Italian is the main language of the area but it is rarely used except with strangers or in the main cities or for cultural reasons, because most of the inhabitants speak their own national language. Of these, there are the Romance languages of Venetian, widely spoken in Veneto and along the coast to Trieste and Istria, as well as in the towns of Pordenone and Gorizia in Friuli, and in most of Trentino, but only recognised by the Veneto region; Friulian, spoken in most of Friuli and nationally recognized, and Ladin, spoken by a few thousand people in the Dolomites. Other languages are German, the first language of South Tyrol, where Italian is spoken just by a quarter of the inhabitants, and Slovene, recognized by Italy and spoken on the border of Italy and Istria, where the main language is Croat but Italian is recognized as a minority language.

The terms Tre Venezie or Triveneto (literally "Triple Veneto"), refer to the three regions of Veneto (before 1947 Venezia Euganea, united to Friuli) Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (once Venezia Tridentina) and Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Venetia, a region which indicated the old land provinces of the Venetian Republic from river Adda to river Isonzo, and is sometimes still used today to indicate this territory together with Trentino and Trieste.

Venetia et Histria, an old region of Italy at the time of Roman Empire, refers to Veneto, Trentino, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, East Lombardy and Istria; it was named after the people of Veneti, who inhabited that region, and who are still largely the main ethnic group of the Italian area (other main ethnic groups include Friulani in the east, mostly in Udine province; Ladins in the Dolomites are between Veneto and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol; Germans in South Tyrol; and Slovene minorities on the border with Slovenia and in the city of Trieste); while after 1947 Venetian/Italian people are just a minority in Slovene and Croatian Istria.

See also[edit]

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Coordinates: 45°30′N 12°00′E / 45.500°N 12.000°E / 45.500; 12.000