|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|• Land||8,520.29 sq mi (22,067.4 km2)|
|• Water||3,104.2 sq mi (8,040 km2)|
|• Density||508.89/sq mi (196.48/km2)|
|Time zone||ET (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Northeast Ohio refers to the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Ohio. The region contains six Metropolitan Statistical Areas: Cleveland–Elyria; Akron; Canton–Massillon; Youngstown–Warren–Boardman; Mansfield, and Sandusky, along with six Micropolitan Statistical Areas: Ashland, Ashtabula, New Philadelphia–Dover, Norwalk, Salem, and Wooster. All the metro areas except Youngstown–Warren–Boardman and Mansfield, along with the Norwalk, Ashtabula, and New Philadelphia–Dover micropolitan areas, form the larger Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area and media market, while Mahoning, Trumbull, and Columbiana counties form part of the Youngstown–Warren CSA and media market with Mercer County, Pennsylvania. Northeast Ohio also includes most of the area known historically as the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 2011, the Intelligent Community Forum ranked Northeast Ohio as a global Smart 21 Communities list.
Composition of the region
The state of Ohio Defines Northeast Ohio as an 18-county region. The 18-county region is home to over 4.3 million people, has a labor force of almost 2.2 million and with an economic GDP (nominal) of $195 billion, makes it comparable to that of New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland.
Northeast Ohio is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:
- Ashland University (Ashland)
- Baldwin Wallace University (Berea)
- Case Western Reserve University (Cleveland)
- Cleveland College of Jewish Studies (Beachwood)
- Cleveland Institute of Art (Cleveland)
- Cleveland Institute of Music (Cleveland)
- Cleveland State University (Cleveland)
- Cuyahoga Community College (Cleveland, Highland Hills, and Parma)
- DeVry University (Seven Hills)
- Fortis College (Ravenna)
- Hiram College (Hiram)
- John Carroll University (University Heights)
- Kent State University (Kent)
- Kent State University at Ashtabula (Ashtabula)
- Kent State University at East Liverpool (East Liverpool)
- Kent State University at Geauga (Burton)
- Kent State University at Salem (Salem)
- Kent State University at Stark (Jackson Township)
- Kent State University at Trumbull (Warren)
- Kent State University at Tuscarawas (New Philadelphia)
- Kent State University College of Podiatric Medicine (Independence)
- Kenyon College (Gambier)
- Lake Erie College (Painesville)
- Lakeland Community College (Kirtland)
- Lorain County Community College (Elyria)
- Malone University (Canton)
- Mount Vernon Nazarene University (Mount Vernon)
- Myers University (formerly Dyke College) (Cleveland)
- Northeast Ohio Medical University (formerly NEOUCOM) (Rootstown)
- Notre Dame College (South Euclid)
- Oberlin College (Oberlin)
- Ohio State University, Mansfield Campus (Mansfield)
- Stautzenberger College (Brecksville)
- University of Akron (Akron)
- Ursuline College (Pepper Pike)
- Walsh University (North Canton)
- College of Wooster (Wooster)
- Youngstown State University (Youngstown)
Sports and recreation
Northeast Ohio is home to a number of professional sports teams, including three from the major North American sports leagues. The Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball play at Progressive Field, Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL) are based at FirstEnergy Stadium, and the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association (NBA) play at Quicken Loans Arena. Quicken Loans Arena is also home to two additional professional franchises, the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League and the Lake Erie Monsters of the American Hockey League. The Monsters are the top minor league affiliate of the Colorado Avalanche of the National Hockey League (NHL).
There are a number of other professional sports teams in the region that play in various minor leagues. The Indians have three minor league affiliates in the area: the AA Akron RubberDucks of the Eastern League who play at Canal Park in Akron, the Single-A Lake County Captains of the Midwest League who play at Classic Park in Eastlake, and the Single-A Mahoning Valley Scrappers of the New York–Penn League, who play at Eastwood Field in Niles. Additionally, there is an independent baseball team, the Lake Erie Crushers of the Frontier League, who play at All Pro Freight Stadium in Avon. The Youngstown Phantoms are a junior ice hockey team in the United States Hockey League that has home games at Covelli Centre.
The region is home to a number of NCAA athletic programs, including four in Division I: the Akron Zips, Cleveland State Vikings, Kent State Golden Flashes, and Youngstown State Penguins. Both Akron and Kent State are members of the Cleveland-based Mid-American Conference, while Cleveland State and Youngstown State are members of the Horizon League. Six schools compete at the NCAA Division II level: the Lake Erie College Storm, Ursuline Arrows, Malone Pioneers, Ashland Eagles, Notre Dame Falcons, and Walsh Cavaliers. There are eight schools at the Division III level: Mount Union Purple Raiders, Hiram Terriers, John Carroll Blue Streaks, Baldwin Wallace Yellow Jackets, Case Western Reserve Spartans, Kenyon Lords, Oberlin Yeomen, and Wooster Scots. One school, the Mount Vernon Nazarene Cougars, competes in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA).
The Cleveland Metroparks are a system of nature preserves that encircle the city, and the Cuyahoga Valley National Park encompasses the Cuyahoga River valley between Cleveland and Akron. The region is home to Mentor Headlands Beach, the longest natural beach on the Great Lakes.
Definition of abbreviations:
- FAA - The location identifier assigned by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
- IATA - The airport code assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Those that do not match the FAA code are shown in bold.
- ICAO - The location indicator assigned by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
- Enpl. - The number of enplanements (commercial passenger boardings) that occurred at the airport in calendar year 2009, as per FAA records.
In the 1950s, AT&T assigned most of Northeast Ohio area code 216. The western half of the region, including Ashland, Richland counties, and parts of Huron, Wayne, and Erie counties was assigned area code 419. In 1996, area code 216 was reduced in size to cover the northern half of its prior area, centering on Cleveland. Area code 330 was introduced for the southern half of Northeast Ohio, including Summit, Portage, Medina, Stark, Columbiana, and Mahoning counties, and much of Wayne, Trumbull, and Tuscarawas counties.
In 1997, area code 216 was further split as the need for additional phone numbers grew. Area code 216 was again reduced in geographical area to cover the city of Cleveland and its inner ring suburbs. Area code 440 was introduced to cover the remainder of was what previously area code 216, including all of Lake, Lorain, Ashtabula, and Geauga counties, and parts of Trumbull, Huron, Erie, and Cuyahoga counties. Some communities, such as Parma, and Parma Heights were divided into multiple area codes. In 1999, Congressman Dennis Kucinich introduced federal legislation to protect small and medium-sized cities from being split into two or more area codes.
In 2000, it was anticipated that the available phone numbers in area code 330 would be exhausted, and an overlay area code was introduced. Area code 234 was assigned to overlap existing area code 330. With the creation of area code 234, any new phone number in the geographical area formerly covered by area code 330 could be assigned a phone number in either the 234 or 330 area codes, with no change in local or long distance toll status. This made necessary the use of ten-digit dialing within the 330/234 area code region. After the introduction of area code 234, assignments of new telephone numbers in the area did not continue at an accelerated pace, and new phone numbers for area code 234 were not assigned until 2003.
- List of countries by GDP (nominal)
- "Congressman Dennis Kucinich". Kucinich.house.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- H.R.2439, 106th United States Congress
- Lin-Fisher, Betty (October 31, 2003). "CALL FOR MORE TELEPHONE NUMBERS ANSWERED - 234 AREA CODE CONNECTED MOST PEOPLE ARE STILL BEING ASSIGNED 330 NUMBERS". Akron Beacon Journal (Knight Ridder). p. D1.
- Cleveland Plus Marketing Alliance
- Team Northeast Ohio