Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands

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The Northeastern Woodlands is a cultural region that includes the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada

Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands include Native American tribes and First Nation bands residing in, or originating from, a cultural area, encompassing the northeastern and Midwest United States and southeastern Canada.[1] It is part of a broader grouping known as the Eastern Woodlands.[2] The Northeastern Woodlands is divided into three major areas: the Coastal, Saint Lawrence Lowlands, and Great Lakes-Riverine zones.[3]

The Coastal area includes the Atlantic Provinces in Canada, the Atlantic seaboard of the United States, south until North Carolina. The Saint Lawrence Lowlands area includes parts of Southern Ontario, upstate New York, much of the Saint Lawrence River area, and Susquehanna Valley.[3] The Great Lakes-Riverine area includes the remaining inland areas of the northeast, home to Central Algonquian and Siouan speakers.[4]

The Great Lakes region are sometimes considered a distinct cultural region, due to the large concentration of tribes in the area. The Northeastern Woodlands region is bound by the Subarctic to the north, the Great Plains to the west, and the Southeastern Woodlands to the south.[5]

Contemporary Northeastern Woodlands First Nations in Canada[edit]

Contemporary US federally recognized Northeastern Woodlands tribes[edit]

  1. Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
  2. Aroostook Band of Micmac Indians of Maine
  3. Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin
  4. Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan
  5. Cayuga Nation of New York
  6. Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation, Montana
  7. Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma
  8. Delaware Nation, Oklahoma
  9. Delaware Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
  10. Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
  11. Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin
  12. Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan
  13. Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan
  14. Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Wisconsin
  15. Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine
  16. Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, also considered a Great Plains tribe
  17. Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, also considered a Great Plains tribe
  18. Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan
  19. Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas
  20. Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas
  21. Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma
  22. Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
  23. Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin
  24. Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Michigan
  25. Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
  26. Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan
  27. Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut
  28. Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, Massachusetts
  29. Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan
  30. Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
  31. Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
  32. Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
    Six component reservations:
    1. Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake)
    2. Fond du Lac Band, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    3. Grand Portage Band
    4. Leech Lake Band
    5. Mille Lacs Band
    6. White Earth Band
  33. Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut
  34. Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island
  35. Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan
  36. Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
  37. Oneida Nation of New York
  38. Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
  39. Onondaga Nation of New York
  40. Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine
  41. Penobscot Tribe of Maine
  42. Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
  43. Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan, Indiana
  44. Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas
  45. Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
  46. Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
  47. Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota
  48. Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
  49. Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
  50. Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
  51. St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
  52. Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe, New York
  53. Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
  54. Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma
  55. Seneca Nation of New York
  56. Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma
  57. Shinnecock Nation, New York
  58. Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin
  59. Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin
  60. Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York
  61. Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota, Montana, North Dakota
  62. Tuscarora Nation of New York
  63. Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts
  64. Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Trigger, "Introduction" 1
  2. ^ Mir Tamim Ansary (2001). Eastern Woodlands Indians. Capstone Classroom. p. 4. ISBN 9781588104519. 
  3. ^ a b Trigger, "Introduction" 2
  4. ^ Trigger, "Introduction" 3
  5. ^ "History of Pre-colonial North America." Essential Humanities. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Sturtevant and Trigger ix
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Cultural Thesaurus." National Museum of the American Indian. Accessed 8 April 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e Sturtevant and Trigger 241
  9. ^ a b c d Sturtevant and Trigger 198
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Sturtevant and Trigger 161
  11. ^ Sturtevant and Trigger 96
  12. ^ Sturtevant and Trigger 255

References[edit]