Northern American English
Northern American English (Northern AmE, also rendered as northern American English) is the variety of the English language used in the northern United States. Among the oldest and most pervasive of American English patterns, it is particularly used in New England, New York, New Jersey, and northeastern Pennsylvania, and the dialects extend beyond the Mississippi across northern Iowa, Minnesota, and the Dakotas.
- "Canadian English." Brinton, Laurel J., and Fee, Marjery, ed. (2005). Ch. 12. in The Cambridge history of the English language. Volume VI: English in North America., Algeo, John, ed., pp. 422–440. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-521-26479-0, 978-0-521-26479-2. On p. 422: "It is now generally agreed that Canadian English originated as a variant of northern American English (the speech of New England, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania)."
- "Canadian English." McArthur, T., ed. (2005). Concise Oxford companion to the English language, pp. 96–102. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280637-8. On p. 97: "Because CanE and AmE are so alike, some scholars have argued that in linguistic terms Canadian English is no more or less than a variety of (Northern) American English."
- North American English
- North Central American English
- Inland Northern American English
- General American
- Western American English
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