Northern American English

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This article is about the variety of the English language spoken in the northern United States. For other uses, see Northern American English (disambiguation).

Northern American English (Northern AmE, also rendered as northern American English) is the variety of the English language used in the northern United States. Among the oldest and most pervasive of American English patterns, it is particularly used in New England, New York, New Jersey, and northeastern Pennsylvania, and the dialects extend beyond the Mississippi across northern Iowa, Minnesota, and the Dakotas.[1]

Canadian English is believed by some scholars to have originated from northern American English,[1] or to simply be a variety of it.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Canadian English." Brinton, Laurel J., and Fee, Marjery, ed. (2005). Ch. 12. in The Cambridge history of the English language. Volume VI: English in North America., Algeo, John, ed., pp. 422–440. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-521-26479-0, 978-0-521-26479-2. On p. 422: "It is now generally agreed that Canadian English originated as a variant of northern American English (the speech of New England, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania)."
  2. ^ "Canadian English." McArthur, T., ed. (2005). Concise Oxford companion to the English language, pp. 96–102. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280637-8. On p. 97: "Because CanE and AmE are so alike, some scholars have argued that in linguistic terms Canadian English is no more or less than a variety of (Northern) American English."

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