Northern Bahr el Ghazal

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Northern Bahr el Ghazal
شمال بحر الغزال
State
Local Classroom in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State  2002
Local Classroom in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State 2002
Flag of Northern Bahr el Ghazal
Flag
Location in South Sudan.
Location in South Sudan.
Coordinates: 8°44′N 26°54′E / 8.733°N 26.900°E / 8.733; 26.900Coordinates: 8°44′N 26°54′E / 8.733°N 26.900°E / 8.733; 26.900
Country  South Sudan
Region Bahr el Ghazal
Capital Aweil
Area
 • Total 30,543.30 km2 (11,792.83 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 720,898
 • Density 24/km2 (61/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Northern Bahr el Ghazal is one of the 10 states of South Sudan. It has an area of 30,543 km²[1] and is part of the Bahr el Ghazal region. It borders South Darfur to the north, Western Bahr el Ghazal to the west and south, and Warrap and Abyei to the east. Aweil is the capital of the state.

Because of its proximity to Kordofan and the presence of a railway line through it to Wau it suffered extensively in the recently ended civil war in southern Sudan. North Bahr al Ghazal and adjacent parts of Western Kordofan to the north are among the most politically sensitive regions in Sudan. Missriya Arabs from Kordofan have interacted with Dinka in this region over a long time. While relations during the colonial era were largely peaceful, the recent war saw an upsurge in hostilities. Government backing to the Missriya gave them a decided advantage over local Dinka groups, and raiding by murahileen militias (and other government backed groups, including some Dinka militias) resulted in considerable loss of life, widespread abduction and pillaging of Dinka villages. Many of these raids coincided with the movement of government trains to and from Kordofan to Wau.

It has the highest rate of poverty, 76% according to government statistics, of the 10 states of South Sudan.[2]

Government[edit]

Paul Malong Awan is the governor of the state. He was sworn into the new state cabinet on July 22, 2008. Its members are:

  • Deputy Governor - Madut Dut Yel
  • minister of information & communication - Bona Makuach Mawien
  • State Minister of Finance - Ronald Ruay Deng
  • State Minister of Health - vacant
  • State Mister of Parliamentary Affairs - Anguei Diing
  • State Minister of Education, Science and Technology - Stephen Chol Unguec
  • State Minister of Legal Affairs - Madut Santino
  • State Minister of Physical infrastructure - vacant
  • State Minister of Agriculture - Ayii Bol Akol
  • Secretary General of State Council of Ministers - Garang Kuot Kur

State Advisors are:

  • Political Advisor - vacant
  • Economics Affairs Advisor - Tong Atak Mel
  • Local Government - vacant
  • Security Advisor - vacant

Administration[edit]

Northern Bahr al Ghazal, like other states in South Sudan, is divided into counties; there are five counties, headed by a County Commissioner, as illustrated below:[3]

County Area (km2) Population
Census 2008
County
Commissioner
Aweil North 6,376.53 129,127 Cmr Kuol Athuai
Aweil East 6,172.23 309,921 Awet Kiir Awet
Aweil South 1,786.95 73,806 Jel Mangok
Aweil West 5,030.22 166,217 Garang Tong
Aweil Central 11,177.40 41,827 Arkangelo Uchu

The counties are further divided into Payams, then Bomas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Northern Bahr El Ghazal". South Sudan Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Commission. 
  2. ^ "In pictures: The life of a nurse in South Sudan". bbcnews.com. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  3. ^ 2008 South Sudan Population Ma By County

Books[edit]

  • Francis M. Deng, 1995, War of Visions, Conflict of Identities in the Sudan, (Washington D.C.: Brookings)
  • Human Rights Watch, 1999, Famine in Sudan, 1998, The Human Rights Causes, (New York, Human Rights Watch).
  • Dave Eggers, 2006, What is the What, (New York, Vintage Books).
  • David Keen, 1994, The Benefits of Famine, A Political Economy of Famine and Relief in Southwestern Sudan, 1983–1989, (New Jersey, Princeton University Press).
  • Garang Malong, 2012, Theatre of Hope( Nairobi University, Kenya)
  • Aweil graduates network( 2013)

External links[edit]