Northern Breed Group

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Northern Breed Group is the name of a breed group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. Dogs listed in the Northern Breed Group may not all be of the same type of dog.

Northern dogs[edit]

Spitz-type dogs are the primary dog type of the Arctic and northern parts of the world, and the Shiba Inu, Chow Chow, Alaskan Malamute, Siberian Husky and Samoyed are being shown by genetic research to be descendents of the oldest dog types known.[1] The Spitz or Northern-type dogs of today developed from antiquity along with humans, and in modern times have been selectively bred and documented as a wide variety of purebred modern breeds, including those listed here.

Major registries[edit]

The Northern Breed Group is the Group category used by the United Kennel Club (US).[2]

United Kennel Club Northern Breed Group compared to Group placement of breeds by other major kennel clubs in the English-speaking world [3]
Breed Fédération Cynologique Internationale The Kennel Club (UK) Canadian Kennel Club American Kennel Club Australian National Kennel Council New Zealand Kennel Club
Akita Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds (two breeds, Akita and American Akita) Group 3 Working Dogs
Alaskan Klee Kai Recognised by the United Kennel Club

recognised| |

Alaskan Malamute Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 1 : Nordic Sledge Dogs Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group
American Eskimo May be registered as a German Spitz not recognised Non-Sporting Group
Canadian Eskimo Dog not recognised Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs not recognised Group 6 Utility Utility Group
Shar Pei Group 2 Pinscher, Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds and Swiss Cattle Dogs/Section 2.1 : Mastiff Group 6 Non-Sporting
Chinook not recognised not recognised not recognised Working Group[4] not recognised not recognised
Chow Chow Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
East Siberian Laika (Vostotchno-Sibirskaïa Laïka) Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs
Eurasian (Eurasier) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds Group 3 Working Dogs Foundation Stock Service
Finnish Lapphund (Suomenlapinkoira) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders Pastoral Group (listed breed) Group 7 Herding Foundation Stock Service Group 5 Working Working Group
Finnish Spitz (Suomenpystykorva) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs Hound Group Group 2 Hounds Non-Sporting Group Group 4 Hounds Hound Group
German Spitz (Deutscher Spitz) (one breed, five variants) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/European Spitz Utility Group not recognized Foundation Stock Service (Mittelspitz and Kleinspitz only; two sizes of one breed) Group 7 Non Sporting (Mittelspitz and Kleinspitz, two breeds) Non-Sporting Group
Greenland Dog (Grønlandshund) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 1 : Nordic Sledge Dogs Group 3 Working Dogs
Hokkaido Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds
Japanese Spitz (Nihon Supittsu) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds Group 6 Non-Sporting not recognized
Jindo ( Korea Jindo Dog) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds Foundation Stock Service
Kai Ken Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds Foundation Stock Service
Karelian Bear Dog (Karjalankarhukoira) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs Group 3 Working Dogs Foundation Stock Service
Keeshond (Wolfsspitz/German Spitz variant; not recognised as a separate breed) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/European Spitz Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Kishu Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds Foundation Stock Service
Lundehund (Norsk Lundehund, Norwegian Lundehund) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs (Norwegian Lundehund) Group 2 Hound Miscellaneous Class
Norrbottenspets (Norrbottenspitz) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs Foundation Stock Service
Norwegian Buhund (Norsk Buhund) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders Group 2 Hound Herding Group
Norwegian Elkhound (Norsk Elghund) (two breeds) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs Hound Group
Russo-European Laika (Russko-Evropeïskaïa Laïka) Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs
Samoyed (Samoiedskaïa Sabaka) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/ Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group
Shiba Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds (Shiba Inu) Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Shikoku Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds
Siberian Husky Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/ Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group
Swedish Elkhound (Jämthund) Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs
Swedish Lapphund (Svensk Lapphund) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/ Section 3 : Nordic Watchdogs and Herders Foundation Stock Service
Volpino Italiano Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/European Spitz Not admitted as it is too similar to the American Eskimo Dog
West Siberian Laika Spitz and Primitive types/Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs

Minor registries[edit]

Many of the regional breeds recognised by the United Kennel Club are very few in number in the United States. As a US-based club they have specialized in the registry of North American breeds, especially hunting and working/utility dogs. Since many of these breeds are few in number (so called rare breeds), they also may be listed with a variety of small breed clubs, dog sport clubs, minor kennel clubs and internet-based dog businesses. In this Group, the Alaskan Klee Kai (a new breed developed from a mixed breed dog in the 1970s in Alaska, USA) can be still be registered with the American Rare Breed Association as well as with the United Kennel Club.

Not recognised[edit]

A breed that is not recognised by a kennel club means that it has not been sufficiently vetted according to that particular kennel club's rules.

See also[edit]

References[edit]