Northern Mindanao

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Region X
Northern Mindanao
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Country Philippines
Island group Mindanao
Regional center Cagayan de Oro City
 • Total 20,496 km2 (7,914 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 4,297,323
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-10
Provinces 5
Cities 9
Municipalities 84
Barangays 2,022
Cong. districts 14
Languages Cebuano, Tagalog, HIligaynon, Manobo, Maranao and others.

Coordinates: 8°45′N 124°55′E / 8.750°N 124.917°E / 8.750; 124.917 Northern Mindanao (Filipino: Hilagang Kamindanawan) is a region of the Philippines, designated as Region X. It is composed of five provinces, namely: Camiguin, Misamis Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Bukidnon and Misamis Occidental and two cities that are classified as highly urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro City. Lanao del Norte was transferred to Northern Mindanao from Region XII (then called Central Mindanao) by virtue of Executive Order No. 36.[2]


Northern Mindanao has a total land area of 2,049,602 hectares (5,064,680 acres).[3] More than 60% of Northern Mindanao's total land area are classified as forest land. Its seas abound with fish and other marine products.


Rainfall in Northern Mindanao is evenly distributed throughout the year. Its abundant vegetation, natural springs and high elevation contribute to the region's cool, mild and invigorating climate.


Population census of Northern Mindanao
Year Pop. ±%
1990 2,811,646 —    
2000 3,505,708 +24.7%
2010 4,297,323 +22.6%
Source: National Statistics Office[1]

The vast majority of the region's inhabitants are migrants from Cebu and Bohol. Some inhabitants are of Waray, Tagalog and Maranao descent.


The economy of Northern Mindanao is the largest regional economy in the island of Mindanao.[4] The economy in Northern Mindanao is mainly agricultural. But there is also a booming growth of industries particularly in Cagayan de Oro City and in Iligan City. The famous Del Monte Philippines located in the Province of Bukidnon and its processing plant is located in Cagayan de Oro City, which shipped to the entire Philippines and Asia-Pacific region. The Agus-IV to VII Hydroelectric Plants in Iligan City and Baloi, Lanao del Norte supplies most of its electrical power in Mindanao.

Political divisions[edit]

The region is composed of five provinces namely Bukidnon, the island province of Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental. It also has 2 highly urbanized cities, Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City, that are administered independently from any province. The provinces are further subdivided into seven component cities and 84 municipalities, with a total of 2,022 barangays. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro City.

Northern Mindanao is the 9th most populous region in the Philippines and 2nd in Mindanao (after Davao Region) according to the 2010 National Statistics Office Census. The major urban area of Region X is Metro Cagayan de Oro which includes Cagayan de Oro City and some municipalities and cities of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon.

Province/City Capital No. of
No. of
No. of
Income classification
(per km²)
Malaybalay City
1st class
10,498.59 1,299,192 123.7
5th class
237.95 83,807 352.2
Lanao del Norte
2nd class
3,346.57 607,917 181.7
Misamis Occidental
Oroquieta City
2nd class
2,055.22 567,642 276.2
Misamis Oriental
Cagayan de Oro City
1st class
3,131.52 813,856 259.9
Cagayan de Oro City ¹
1st class
412.80 602,088 1458.5
Iligan City ¹
1st class
813.37 322,821 396.9

¹) Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City are highly-urbanized cities; figures are excluded from Misamis Oriental and Lanao del Norte respectively.

Political map of Northern Mindanao region.

Component cities[edit]


Misamis Occidental:

Misamis Oriental:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Pelone, Ruel V. (7 February 2010). "Region 10: Mindanao's dominant regional economy". Cagayan de Oro City: Business Week Mindanao. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "Region: REGION X (Northern Mindanao)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 

External links[edit]