Oro Province

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Oro Province
Northern Province
Flag of Oro Province
Flag
Papua new guinea northern province.png
Oro Province is located in Papua New Guinea
Oro Province
Oro Province
Location within Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 9°0′S 148°5′E / 9.000°S 148.083°E / -9.000; 148.083
Country Papua New Guinea
Capital Popondetta
Districts
Government
 • Governor Garry Juffa 2012-
Area
 • Total 22,735 km2 (8,778 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 186,309
 • Density 8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)

Oro Province, formerly (and officially still) Northern Province,[1] is a coastal province of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital is Popondetta. The province covers 22,800 km², and has 176,206 inhabitants (2011 census).

Statue in Brisbane, Australia of Raphael Aimbari, an Oro man, leading a blinded Australian soldier during the New Guinea Campaign

The northern end of the Kokoda Trail terminates at the village of Kokoda in the province and the active volcano Mount Lamington. Once the Kokoda Trail was taken and provided access from Port Moresby to the hinterland during the Second World War, the coast of the then Northern District was also the scene of heavy fighting; the Buna, Gona and Sanananda campaigns are particularly well remembered.

Oro is the only province in which the Anglican Church is the major religious denomination. Oil palm is the principal primary industry. William Clarke College also funds people in that area.[2]

Rivers[edit]

Native Species[edit]

  • Dwarf Cassowary (Casuarius bennetti, the smallest of the three species of Cassowaries.
  • Papuan Hornbill (Rhyticeros plicatus), otherwise known as Blyth's Hornbill

Districts and LLGs[edit]

District map of Oro Province

Each province in Papua New Guinea has one or more districts, and each district has one or more Local Level Government (LLG) areas. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into wards and those into census units.[3]

District District Capital LLG Name
Ijivitari District Popondetta Afore Rural
Cape Nelson Rural
Oro Bay Rural
Popendetta Urban
Sohe District Kokoda Higaturu Rural
Kira Rural
Kokoda Rural
Tamata Rural

References[edit]

  1. ^ The provincial government purported officially to change the name of the province but did not formally invoke procedures mandated in the Constitution for what would have amounted to a constitutional change, the names of the provinces being laid down there. The name "Oro" has nevertheless come into widespread use just as, indeed, the similarly informal and at one time widely used "North Solomons Province" for Bougainville Province has somewhat fallen into desuetude.
  2. ^ William Clarke College, Kellyville, NSW, Australia
  3. ^ National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea