Northern Region, Ghana
|• Regional Minister||S.S. Nayina|
|• Total||70,384 km2 (27,175 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||35/km2 (91/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||GH-NP|
The Northern Region is located in North Ghana and is the largest area of Ghana. Northern Region is divided into 20 districts. The Northern region's capital is Tamale. Northern Region covers an area of 70,384 square kilometres.
Geography and climate
Location and size
The Northern Region is bordered on the north by the Upper West region and the Upper East region, on the east by the eastern Ghana-Togo international border, on the south by the Black Volta River and the Volta region, and on the west by the western Ghana-Ivory Coast international border. It is the largest region in total area, and is made up of 20 districts.
Climate and Vegetation
The Northern Region is much drier than southern areas of Ghana, due to its proximity to the Sahel, and the Sahara. The vegetation consists predominantly of grassland, especially savanna with clusters of drought-resistant trees such as baobabs or acacias. Between May and October is the wet season, with an average annual rainfall of 750 to 1050 mm (30 to 40 inches). The dry season is between about November and April. The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season, the lowest in December and January. However, the hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara blows frequently between December and the beginning of February. The temperatures can vary between 14°C (59°F) at night and 40°C (104°F) during the day.
The political administration of the region is through the local government system. Under this administration system, the region is divided into 20 districts. Each District, Municipal or Metropolitan Area, is administered by a Chief Executive, representing the central government but deriving authority from an Assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves.
|Districts in Northern Region|
More than 75% of the economically active population are agricultural. The low population density is partly caused by emigration.