Northern Region (Ghana)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Northern Region
Skyline of Northern Region
Location of Northern Region in Ghana
Location of Northern Region in Ghana
Country Ghana
Capital Tamale
Districts 20
 • Regional Minister S.S. Nayina
 • Total 70,384 km2 (27,175 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)[2]
 • Total 2,479,461
 • Density 35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Time zone GMT
Area code(s) 037
ISO 3166 code GH-NP

The Northern Region is located in North Ghana and is the largest area of Ghana. Northern Region is divided into 20 districts. The Northern region's capital is Tamale.[1] Northern Region covers an area of 70,384 square kilometres.

Geography and climate[edit]

Location and size[edit]

The Northern Region is bordered on the north by the Upper West region and the Upper East region, on the east by the eastern Ghana-Togo international border, on the south by the Black Volta River and the Volta region, and on the west by the western Ghana-Ivory Coast international border. It is the largest region in total area, and is made up of 20 districts.

Climate and Vegetation[edit]

The Northern Region is much drier than southern areas of Ghana, due to its proximity to the Sahel, and the Sahara. The vegetation consists predominantly of grassland, especially savanna with clusters of drought-resistant trees such as baobabs or acacias. Between May and October is the wet season, with an average annual rainfall of 750 to 1050 mm (30 to 40 inches). The dry season is between about November and April. The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season, the lowest in December and January. However, the hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara blows frequently between December and the beginning of February. The temperatures can vary between 14°C (59°F) at night and 40°C (104°F) during the day.




The political administration of the region is through the local government system. Under this administration system, the region is divided into 20 districts.[1] Each District, Municipal or Metropolitan Area, is administered by a Chief Executive, representing the central government but deriving authority from an Assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves.

Districts of Northern Region
Districts in Northern Region
# District Capital Population
1 Bole Bole
2 Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo Bunkpurugu
3 Central Gonja Buipe
4 Chereponi Chereponi
5 East Gonja Salaga
6 East Mamprusi Gambaga
7 Gushegu Gushegu
8 Karaga Karaga
9 Kpandai Kpandae
10 Nanumba North Bimbilla
11 Nanumba South Wulensi
12 Saboba Chereponi Saboba
13 Savelugu-Nanton Savelugu
14 Sawla-Tuna-Kalba Sawla
15 Tamale Metropolitan Tamale
16 Tolon-Kumbungu Tolon
17 West Gonja Damongo
18 West Mamprusi Walewale
19 Yendi Municipal Yendi
20 Zabzugu-Tatale Zabzugu


Zebu cattle is transported by road in the Northern Region of Ghana

More than 75% of the economically active population are agricultural. The low population density is partly caused by emigration.


The Northern Region has a low density, and along with the official language of English most inhabitants (52%) speak a language of the Oti–Volta subfamily in the Niger–Congo languages.


  1. ^ a b c "Northern Region". Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  2. ^ "Northern Region – Population". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 9°30′N 1°00′W / 9.500°N 1.000°W / 9.500; -1.000