ntp – Northern Tepehuán
stp – Southeastern Tepehuán
tla – Southwestern Tepehuán
tep – Tepecano
Tepehuán (Tepehuano, Tepecano) is the name of two closely related languages of the Piman branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, both spoken in northern Mexico. The language is called O'otham by its speakers.
Southern Tepehuán is divided into the southeastern and southwestern group. Southeastern Tepehuán is spoken by 9,937 people (2000 WCD) in Mezquital Municipio in the state of Durango. Southern Tepehuán coexists with the Mexicanero Nahuatl language, there is some intermarriage between the two ethnic groups, and a number of speakers are trilingual in Mexicanero, Tepehuán and Spanish
The extinct Tepecano language appears to have been a variety of Southern Tepehuán.
Southwestern Tepehuán is spoken by around 8,187 (2000 WCD) people in Southwestern Durango.
The following is representative of the Northern dialect of Tepehuan
Tepehuan has 6 vowels and 3 common diphthongs.
|High||i [i̠]||ɨ [ʉ]||u [u]|
|Mid||e [e]||o [ɵ]|
|Stop||p [p] b [b]||t [t] d [d]||ty [tʲ] dy [dʲ]||k [k] g [g]|
|Nasal||m [m]||n [n]||ñ [ɲ]||ng [ŋ]|
|Fricative||v [v]||s [s]||š [ʃ]||h [χ]|
- Northern Tepehuán at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Southeastern Tepehuán at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Southwestern Tepehuán at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Tepecano at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tepehuan". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
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