Northern United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Northern United States (sometimes described simply as the North), may refer to:
- A particular grouping of states or regions of the United States of America located in the northern part of the country. The United States Census Bureau divides some of the northernmost United States into the Midwest Region and the Northeast Region. The Census Bureau also includes states adjacent to the United States northern border with Canada within the West Region.
- The U.S. states that remained in the existing Union during the American Civil War. When referring to the Northern United States in this context, it is common to use the shorter form "The North" (contrasting with "The South" which most often refers to the southern states which declared secession). Which states the historical "North" actually comprises in this context is the subject of some minor disagreement. Those states which did not permit slavery are almost always included in this grouping, while some slave-holding states that remained in the Union (such as Maryland and Missouri) are often excluded. Additionally, some states which are occasionally counted as "northern" in this context are not necessarily located in the geographic north. The U.S. states of California and Kansas, for example, are sometimes included in this historical grouping, although neither state is entirely geographically "northern".
See also 
- "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- "the North (region, United States)". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-27.