Northern Yan

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Northern Yan (北燕)

407–436
 

Capital Longcheng
Government Monarchy
Tian Wang
 -  407-409 Gao Yun (emperor)
 -  409-430 Feng Ba
 -  430-436 Feng Hong
History
 -  Established 15 September 407[1][2] 407
 -  Feng Ba's claiming of the throne 6 November 409[3][4]
 -  Disestablished 4 June 436[5][6] 436
 -  Feng Hong's death 438

The Northern Yan (Chinese: 北燕; pinyin: Bĕiyàn; 407 or 409-436) was a state of Han Chinese during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.

The second Emperor of Northern Yan, Feng Ba, was Han chinese.[7]

All rulers of the Northern Yan declared themselves "emperors".

Rulers of the Northern Yan[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
Unknown Huiyi (惠懿 Huìyì) 慕容云 Mùróng Yún1
or 高云 Gao Yun1
407-409 Zhengshi (正始 Zhèngshǐ) 407-409
Taizu (太祖 Taìzǔ) Wencheng (文成 Wénchéng) 馮跋 Féng Bá 409-430 Taiping (太平 Taìpíng) 409-430
Did not exist Zhaocheng (昭成 Zhāochéng) 馮弘 Féng Hóng 430-436 Daxing (大興 Dàxīng) 431-436
1 The family name of Gao Yun was changed to Murong when he was adopted by the Murong. If Gao Yun was counted as a ruler of the Later Yan, the Northern Yan would begin in 409. It started in 407 otherwise.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A6w%AB%D2&reign=%B8q%BA%B3&yy=3&ycanzi=&mm=7&dd=&dcanzi=%A4A%A4%A1
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 114.
  3. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A6w%AB%D2&reign=%B8q%BA%B3&yy=5&ycanzi=&mm=10&dd=&dcanzi=%A5%B3%A8%B0
  4. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 115.
  5. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%ABe%A7%BA&king=%A4%E5%AB%D2&reign=%A4%B8%B9%C5&yy=13&ycanzi=&mm=5&dd=&dcanzi=%A4A%A5f
  6. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 123.
  7. ^ Asia major. Princeton University Press. 1997. p. 105. Retrieved 19 September 2011.  Original from the University of California