|Northern red-bellied cooter
- Testudo rubriventris LeConte, 1830
- Terrapene rubriventris Bonaparte, 1830
- Emys irrigata Bell, 1835
- Emys irrigita Duméril & Bibron, 1835 (ex errore)
- Emys rubriventris Duméril & Bibron, 1835
- Clemmys (Clemmys) rubriventris Fitzinger, 1835
- Chrysemys rubriventris Boulenger, 1889
- Pseudemys rubriventris Baur, 1893
- Pseudemys rubriventris bangsi Babcock, 1937
- Pseudemys rubriventris rubriventris Babcock, 1937
- Chrysemys rubriventris rubriventris Weaver & Rose, 1967
- Chrysemys rubriventris bangsi Ernst & Barbour, 1972
- Pseudemys bangsi Collins, 1991
- Chrysemys rubriventris fubriventris Gosławski & Hryniewicz, 1993 (ex errore)
The northern red-bellied turtle (Pseudemys rubriventris) or American red-bellied turtle is a species of turtle in the Pseudemys(cooter) genus of the Emydidae family.
A fairly large river turtle, it averages about 29 to 30 cm (11 to 12 in) in length and weighs on average around 3 kg (6.6 lb), although large females can measure up to 40 cm (16 in) in length. It is endemic to the United States. The current range of the red-bellied cooter includes a colony in Massachusetts which was previously a separate species (Pseudemys rubriventris bangsii) as well as the coastal areas of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina.
Eastern painted turtle in Andover, Massachusetts
The red-bellied cooter has appeared on Pennsylvania Fish Commission lists of endangered amphibians and reptiles since 1978 (McCoy 1985). By 1985 the red-bellied cooter was known to exist in Pennsylvania only in isolated colonies in a few counties (McCoy 1985). Small (less than thirty individuals) colonies were known in Manor and Silver lakes in Bucks county, the Tinicum wetlands in Philadelphia and Delaware counties, the West Branch of Conococheague Creek in Franklin County and possibly Springton Reservoir in Delaware county (McCoy 1985). The red-bellied turtle is a threatened species within Pennsylvania. However, it is listed as "Endangered" by the US Fish and Wildlife Service as well as the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.
The potential threats to red-bellied turtle populations are numerous. For example: wetland loss, habitat fragmentation, pollution, collecting of turtles for pets, food or other trophies, competition with the invasive red-eared slider turtle for food, habitat, basking sites or nesting sites, and the potential for hybridization with red-eared slider turtles.
The Massachusetts wildlife preserve foundation has started to repopulate the turtles by placing them in many south-eastern Massachusetts ponds. One example is at Long and Little Long Pond in Plymouth, Massachusetts, where the population is starting to regrow.