Northfield, New Jersey

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Northfield, New Jersey
City
City of Northfield
Nickname(s): "Gateway to the Shore"
Map of Northfield in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Northfield in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Northfield, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Northfield, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°22′16″N 74°33′17″W / 39.371058°N 74.554822°W / 39.371058; -74.554822Coordinates: 39°22′16″N 74°33′17″W / 39.371058°N 74.554822°W / 39.371058; -74.554822[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Atlantic
Incorporated March 21, 1905
Government[5]
 • Type City
 • Mayor Vince Mazzeo (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Mary Canesi[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 3.444 sq mi (8.918 km2)
 • Land 3.404 sq mi (8.816 km2)
 • Water 0.040 sq mi (0.102 km2)  1.15%
Elevation[6] 23 ft (7 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 8,624
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 8,620
 • Rank 266th of 566 in state
10th of 23 in county[11]
 • Density 2,533.7/sq mi (978.3/km2)
 • Density rank 247th of 566 in state
6th of 23 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08225[12][13]
Area code 609[14]
FIPS code 3400152950[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885324[17][2]
Website www.cityofnorthfield.org

Northfield is a city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 8,624.[7][8][9]

Northfield was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 21, 1905, from portions of Egg Harbor Township. A portion of Egg Harbor Township was transferred to Northfield in 1931, and then reverted to Egg Harbor Township in 1933.[18]

The city calls itself the "Gateway to the Shore", just over the bridge from the beaches, and is located about 7 miles (11 km) west of Atlantic City, bordering the municipalities of Pleasantville, Egg Harbor Township, Linwood and Margate.[19]

Geography[edit]

Northfield is located at 39°22′16″N 74°33′17″W / 39.371058°N 74.554822°W / 39.371058; -74.554822 (39.371058,-74.554822). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 3.444 square miles (8.918 km2), of which, 3.404 square miles (8.816 km2) of it was land and 0.040 square miles (0.102 km2) of it (1.15%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 866
1920 1,127 30.1%
1930 2,804 148.8%
1940 2,848 1.6%
1950 3,498 22.8%
1960 5,849 67.2%
1970 8,646 47.8%
1980 7,795 −9.8%
1990 7,305 −6.3%
2000 7,725 5.7%
2010 8,624 11.6%
Est. 2013 8,620 [10] 0.0%
Population sources: 1900-2000[20]
1900-1920[21] 1910[22] 1910-1930[23]
1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,624 people, 3,152 households, and 2,301 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,533.7 per square mile (978.3/km2). There were 3,260 housing units at an average density of 957.8 per square mile (369.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.14% (7,515) White, 3.24% (279) Black or African American, 0.19% (16) Native American, 4.50% (388) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 2.89% (249) from other races, and 2.04% (176) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.00% (690) of the population.[7]

There were 3,152 households, of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.15.[7]

In the city, 24.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $70,980 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,377) and the median family income was $78,727 (+/- $5,763). Males had a median income of $57,027 (+/- $4,611) versus $45,757 (+/- $6,595) for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,675 (+/- $2,461). About 2.5% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[27]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 7,725 people, 2,824 households, and 2,109 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,254.9 people per square mile (869.6/km2). There were 2,922 housing units at an average density of 852.9 per square mile (328.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.52% White, 2.65% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.50% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.38% of the population.[25][26]

There were 2,824 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.[25][26]

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 25.5% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the city was $56,875, and the median income for a family was $62,896. Males had a median income of $43,227 versus $30,227 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,059. About 4.4% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Northfield operates under the City form of New Jersey municipal government, led by a Mayor and a seven-member City Council, who are chosen in partisan elections held each year in the November general election. A Mayoral election is held every four years. The City Council consists of six members elected from wards to three-year terms on a staggered basis with two seats up for election each year, and one member elected at-large to a four-year term in office.[5]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Northfield is Democrat Jerry McGee, serving an unexpired term until November of 2014. Members of the City Council are Council President James Travagline (R, 2nd Ward, 2015), President Pro Tempore Jim O'Neill (R, 2nd Ward, 2014), Erland Chau (R, 1st Ward, 2016), David Devine (D, 1st Ward, serving unexpired term until November 2014), Greg Dewees (R, 2nd Ward, 2016), Frank Perri, Jr. (D, At Lare, 2017) and Nick Piergiovanni (R, 1st Ward, 2014).[28][29][30][31][32][33]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Northfield is located in the 2nd Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 2nd state legislative district.[8][35][36]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[37] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[38][39] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[40][41]

The 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and John F. Amodeo (D, Northfield).[42] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[43] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[44]

Atlantic County is governed by a directly elected executive and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The executive serves a four-year term and the freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts.[45][46] As of 2014, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[47] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Longport, Margate, Northfield, Somers Point and Ventnor (R, 2015),[48] Vice Chairman John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2014),[49] Colin G. Bell, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2015),[50] James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth (R, 2015),[51] Ernest D. Coursey, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville (R, 2016),[52] Richard Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic (D, 2016),[53] Alexander C. Marino, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2014),[54] Will Pauls, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2016)[55] and Frank Sutton, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part) (R, 2014).[56][57][58] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Edward P. McGettigan (2016),[59] Sheriff Frank X. Balles (2014)[60] and Surrogate James Curcio (2015).[61][62]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for Kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Northfield Community Schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 1,042 students and 82.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.68:1.[63] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[64]) are Northfield Community Elementary School[65] (K-4; 556 students) and Northfield Community Middle School[66] (5-8; 486 students).[67]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grade attend the Mainland Regional High School, which also serves students from Linwood and Somers Point.[68] The high school is located in Linwood.

Students from Northfield, and all of Atlantic County, have the option to attend the career technical programs and full-time career academies offered by the Atlantic County Institute of Technology located in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township[69] or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts, located in Somers Point.[70]

Transportation[edit]

The city had a total of 46.41 miles (74.69 km) of roadways, of which 36.07 miles (58.05 km) are maintained by the municipality, 8.43 miles (13.57 km) by Atlantic County and 1.91 miles (3.07 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[71]

New Jersey Transit offers bus transportation in the city between Ocean City and Atlantic City on the 507 and 509 routes.[72][73]

Community services[edit]

Northfield is home to Birch Grove Park, which covers 271 acres (110 ha) of heavily wooded land dotted with stocked fresh water fishing lakes. Birch Grove Park features over 50 campsites, exercise and nature trails, a bandstand and an extensive children's playground.[74]

Northfield features a large bird sanctuary, dedicated to remaining open space in perpetuity.[75]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Northfield include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Office of the Municipal Clerk, City of Northfield. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 13.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Northfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Northfield city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Northfield city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 16, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Northfield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 29, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 70. Accessed March 26, 2012.
  19. ^ Home page, City of Northfield. Accessed April 11, 2012.
  20. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Atlantic County Municipalities, 1840 - 2000, WestJersey.org. December 6, 2010. Accessed November 19, 2013.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  22. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed January 16, 2012.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Northfield city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Northfield city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 16, 2013.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Northfield city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2012.
  28. ^ Northfield City Council, City of Northfield. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  29. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, City of Northfield. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  30. ^ Atlantic County General Election November 6, 2012, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  31. ^ Atlantic County General Election November 8, 2011, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  32. ^ Atlantic County General Election November 2, 2010, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  33. ^ Atlantic County General Election November 3, 2009, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 62, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  38. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  39. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  40. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  41. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 15, 2014.
  43. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  45. ^ 2013 Atlantic County District Map, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  46. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  47. ^ County Executive, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  48. ^ Frank D. Formica, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  49. ^ John W. Risley, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  50. ^ Colin G. Bell, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  51. ^ James A. Bertino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  52. ^ Ernest D. Coursey, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  53. ^ Richard Dase, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  54. ^ Alexander C. Marino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  55. ^ Will Pauls, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  56. ^ Frank Sutton, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  57. ^ Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  58. ^ 2014 Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  59. ^ Ed McGettigan, Atlantic County Clerk. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  60. ^ Frank X. Balles, Sheriff, Atlantic County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  61. ^ Atlantic County Surrogate's Court, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  62. ^ Constitutional Officers, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2014.
  63. ^ District information for Northfield School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed Jily 28, 2014.
  64. ^ School Data for the Northfield Community Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  65. ^ Northfield Community Elementary School, Northfield Community Schools. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  66. ^ Northfield Community Middle School, Northfield Community Schools. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  67. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Northfield Community Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  68. ^ Mainland Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 28, 2014. "The 2012-2013 school year was another very successful year for Mainland Regional High School. Enrollment slightly decreased to approximately 1500 students in our 9-12 building. The school serves the communities of Linwood, Northfield, and Somers Point with a total population of 26,511. "
  69. ^ About Us, Atlantic County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 19, 2013.
  70. ^ Profile, Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts. Accessed November 19, 2013.
  71. ^ Atlantic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 19, 2013.
  72. ^ Atlantic County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 23, 2011. Accessed November 19, 2013.
  73. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 19, 2013.
  74. ^ Birch Grove Park & Family Campground, City of Northfield. Accessed April 11, 2012.
  75. ^ Russell, Thomas. "SCHOOL BOARD'S SALE OF PROPERTY TO MEAN REVENUE FOR NORTHFIELD", The Press of Atlantic City, November 8, 1997. Accessed November 19, 2013. "The city also owns a neighboring property that was deed restricted several years ago for use as a bird sanctuary."
  76. ^ Miller, Michael. "Pulitzer Prize poet will read works in O.C.", The Press of Atlantic City, June 22, 2007. Accessed August 14, 2007. "The late poet A.R. Ammons, formerly of Ocean City, Northfield and Millville, won the prestigious National Book Award."
  77. ^ County Executive Dennis Levinson, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Prior to this position he was a councilman in the City of Northfield from 1982 to 1986 and served four terms as an Atlantic County Freeholder at Large."
  78. ^ Staff. "Evelyn Nesbit Ill of Pneumonia", The New York Times ,February 10, 1932. Accessed June 23, 2011. "Atlantic City, N. J., Feb. 9 - Evelyn Nesbit, divorced wife of Harry K. Thaw, and well known here as a cabaret entertainer, was reported ill of pneumonia tonight in her home, 2,000 Shore Road, Northfield."

External links[edit]