Northland (New Zealand electorate)

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Northland electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Northland is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. The electorate was established for the 1996 election. It was represented by National Party MP Mike Sabin until his resignation on 30 January 2015. This forced a by-election in March 2015 which was won by NZ First Party leader Winston Peters.

Population centres[edit]

Northland is the northernmost general electorate of New Zealand. The electorate encompasses the entire Far North District and Kaipara District, and a small rural section of Whangarei District. At the 2008 election, the town of Wellsford became part of Northland due to heavy population growth in the Rodney seat.[1] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.[2]

Towns in the electorate include (population in brackets):

History[edit]

The Northland electorate was created ahead of the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting in 1996. It contains all of the Far North electorate (called Bay of Islands before 1993), and a large section of the old Hobson seat.

Former Bay of Islands and then Far North MP John Carter was elected MP for Northland in 1996, and was returned at every election until the 2008 election. Carter left Parliament in June 2011 to take up a post as New Zealand's High Commissioner to the Cook Islands. His departure did not result in a by-election, as the vacancy occurred within six months of the next general election.[3] In May 2011 Mike Sabin was selected as the National Party candidate to replace Carter.[4] Sabin had a majority of 11,362 and 9,300 votes in 2011 and 2014, respectively.[5][6] In December 2014 New Zealand media reported that Northland MP Mike Sabin was under investigation by police over an assault complaint. The reports were not confirmed by the New Zealand Police, the Prime Minister or Sabin himself.[7][8][9][10] Sabin resigned from parliament on 30 January 2015 with immediate effect "due to personal issues that were best dealt with outside Parliament."[11] The resignation forced a by-election in the Northland electorate.[12]

The electorate is one where National traditionally performs well; Labour has not won a general electorate north of Wellsford since a one-off victory in Whangarei in 1972. The upper North Island is also a place where New Zealand First has one of its strongest voter bases; in 1996, Ian Peters and Frank Grover of the Alliance beat Labour's candidate into fourth place and nine percent of the vote. Third parties do well in Northland - at the 1960 and 1963 elections, Social Credit candidate Vernon Cracknell came runner up in Hobson, before taking the seat with 48 percent of the vote in 1966. The area had previously been receptive to social credit theory - Harold Rushworth of the credit-influenced Country Party had held Bay of Islands for three terms, from 1928 to 1938.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    NZ First    Alliance  
 Christian Heritage    Green    Labour  
Election Winner
1996 election John Carter
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Mike Sabin
2014 election
2015 by-election Winston Peters

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northland electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Frank Grover1
1999 election Sue Bradford
2002 election Jim Peters
2005 election Shane Jones
2008 election Shane Jones
2014 election David Clendon

1 Grover left the Alliance in 1999 and joined the Christian Heritage Party.

Election results[edit]

2015 by-election[edit]

The following table shows preliminary election night results in the by-election:[13]


Northland by-election, 2015

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
NZ First Winston Peters 15,359 54.03 +54.03
National Mark Osborne 11,347 39.92 -12.83
Labour Willow-Jean Prime 1,315 4.63 -21.27
Focus Joe Carr 107 0.38 -4.42
Legalise Cannabis Maki Herbert 85 0.30 +0.30
ACT Robin Grieve 66 0.23 -0.35
Mana Reuben Porter 55 0.19 +0.19
Climate Rob Painting 38 0.13 +0.13
Independent Bruce Rogan 22 0.08 +0.08
Independent Adrian Bonner 17 0.06 +0.06
Independent Adam Holland 14 0.05 +0.05
Informal votes 43 0.15 -1.04
Total Valid votes 28,425
Registered electors
NZ First gain from National Majority 4,012 14.11


2014 election[edit]

General election 2014: Northland[14]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Mike Sabin 18,269 52.74 -4.81 17,412 48.97 -1.17
Labour Willow-Jean Prime 8,969 25.89 +4.30 5,913 16.63 -0.97
Green David Clendon 3,639 10.51 -1.59 3,855 10.84 -0.94
Focus Ken Rintoul 1,661 4.80 +4.80 216 0.61 +0.61
Conservative Melanie Taylor 1,555 4.49 -0.59 2,243 6.31 +1.06
ACT Craig Nelson 200 0.58 -0.25 162 0.46 -1.19
Democrats David Angus Wilson 173 0.50 +0.50 64 0.18 +0.07
Independent Murray Robertson 96 0.28 +0.28
Money Free Jordan Osmaston 75 0.22 +0.22
NZ First   4,546 12.79 +2.59
Internet Mana   601 1.69 +0.40[a]
Māori   210 0.59 -0.20
Legalise Cannabis   193 0.54 -0.11
United Future   71 0.20 -0.26
Ban 1080   51 0.14 +0.14
Independent Coalition   9 0.03 +0.03
Civilian   7 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 419 154
Total Valid votes 34,637 35,553
National hold Majority 9,300 26.85 -9.10

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Northland[5]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Mike Sabin 18,188 57.55 -1.59 16,381 50.15 -1.55
Labour Lynette Stewart 6,826 21.60 -7.64 5,748 17.60 -7.44
Green Pauline Evans 3,822 12.09 +5.22 3,848 11.78 +4.44
Conservative Melanie Taylor 1,606 5.08 +5.08 1,714 5.25 +5.25
Mana Ngawai Herewini 611 1.93 +1.93 420 1.29 +1.29
Māori Josephine Peita 290 0.92 +0.92 257 0.79 -0.69
ACT Barry Brill 261 0.83 -0.85 536 1.64 -2.57
NZ First   3,330 10.19 +3.79
Legalise Cannabis   213 0.65 +0.23
United Future   149 0.46 -0.21
Democrats   35 0.11 -0.03
Libertarianz   25 0.08 +0.004
Alliance   9 0.03 -0.05
Informal votes 972 308
Total Valid votes 31,604 32,665
National hold Majority 11,362 35.95 +6.05

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,182[15]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Northland[16]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Carter 19,889 59.14 17,703 51.70
Labour Shane Jones 9,835 29.24 8,573 25.04
Green Martin Leiding 2,311 6.87 2,514 7.34
ACT Alan (Smilie) Wood 565 1.68 1,443 4.21
Kiwi Mike Shaw 381 1.13 216 0.63
Family Party Melanie Taylor 319 0.95 162 0.47
Democrats David Wilson 171 0.51 48 0.14
United Future Phil Johnson 162 0.48 228 0.67
NZ First   2,194 6.41
Māori   507 1.48
Progressive   258 0.75
Bill and Ben   153 0.45
Legalise Cannabis   144 0.42
Alliance   28 0.08
Libertarianz   25 0.07
Pacific   17 0.05
Workers Party   16 0.05 -
RAM   6 0.02
RONZ   5 0.01
Informal votes 310 132
Total Valid votes 33,633 34,240
National hold Majority 10,054


2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: Northland[17]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Carter 16,577 54.12 14,182 45.69
Labour Shane Jones 7,302 23.84 9,384 30.23
Green Sue Bradford 2,764 9.02 2,000 6.44
NZ First Jim Peters 2,547 8.32 3,162 10.19
Māori Malcolm Peri 550 1.80 484 1.56
United Future Phil Johnson 315 1.03 618 1.99
Destiny David Isaachsen 278 0.91 196 0.63
ACT Tom McClelland 216 0.71 474 1.53
Libertarianz Julian Pistorius 51 0.17 27 0.09
Independent Gray Phillips 18 0.06
Direct Democracy Mel Whaanga 10 0.03 5 0.02
Progressive   272 0.88
Legalise Cannabis   94 0.30
Democrats   48 0.015
Christian Heritage   37 0.12
Alliance   27 0.09
99 MP   11 0.04
Family Rights   6 0.02
One NZ   6 0.02
RONZ   6 0.02
Informal votes 233 133
Total Valid votes 30,628 31,039
National hold Majority 9,275 30.28

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Trevett, Claire (8 June 2011). "MP pleads for laughter and leniency as he goes". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  4. ^ McMillan, Malcolm (2 May 2011). "Anti-P man Mike Sabin takes safe National seat". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Northland". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Official Count Results -- Northland". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Bennett, Adam (22 December 2014). "Cloud over National MP's future". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Lomas, David (21 December 2014). "National MP Mike Sabin in police assault inquiry". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  9. ^ Bennett, Adam (22 December 2014). "Sabin in the spotlight as assault allegation surfaces". The Northern Advocate. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Police tight-lipped about assault allegation". Radio New Zealand. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "Mike Sabin announces resignation as Northland MP". Scoop. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  12. ^ "John Key says National did not ask Mike Sabin to quit after MP resigns 'due to personal issues'". The New Zealand Herald. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  13. ^ "By-election results - Northland". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "Official Count Results -- Northland". Electoral Commission. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  16. ^ 2008 election results
  17. ^ election result Northland 2005

External links[edit]