Northmoor, Oxfordshire

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Northmoor StDenys SE.JPG
St. Denys' parish church
Northmoor is located in Oxfordshire
 Northmoor shown within Oxfordshire
Population 363 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP4202
Civil parish Northmoor
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Witney
Postcode district OX29
Dialling code 01865
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places

Coordinates: 51°43′23″N 1°23′31″W / 51.723°N 1.392°W / 51.723; -1.392

Northmoor is a village and civil parish in West Oxfordshire, about 6 miles (10 km) west of Oxford and almost the same distance southeast of Witney. Northmoor is in the valley of the River Thames, which bounds the parish to the east and south, and is close to the River Windrush which forms part of the parish's western boundary.


In the 11th century the toponym was simply More or Moor, meaning "marsh". The prefix North was added by the 13th century, distinguishing the village from Southmoor, then in Berkshire, on the other side of the Thames.[2]

Parish church[edit]

St. Denys' parish church: Early English piscina (left) and sedilia in the chancel

In 1059 King Edward the Confessor granted land at Northmoor to St Denis Abbey in Paris.[3] Northmoor was made a separate parish in the 12th century, and the parish church of Saint Denys was then built.[4] Nothing survives of this original building except the font, which is Norman.[5]

The earliest part of the present Church of England parish church on the same site[6] is the Early English Gothic chancel, which was built in the 13th century.[5] The chancel's east window is a set of three lancets and it has another lancet in its south wall.[5] The present nave and north and south transepts were built early in the 14th century.[5] The bell tower over the west bay of the nave was added in the 15th century.[5] The tower has a ring of six bells. Abraham I Rudhall of Gloucester cast the fifth bell in 1714, and Thomas Rudhall cast all the others in 1764.[7]

The Gothic Revival architect C.C. Rolfe carried out a sensitive restoration of building in 1887.[4] St. Denys' is now a Grade I listed building.[8]

Economic and social history[edit]

Timber-framed granary at Rectory Farm

Rectory Farm was built in the 16th century, and a date-stone over the entrance records alterations in 1629.[9] The farm has also a half-timbered granary on stone stooks and a timber-framed dovecote, both from the 16th or 17th centuries.[9]

There used to be a flash lock on the Thames on the southern edge of the parish at Hart's Weir, also known as Ridge's Weir. In 1879 Hart's Weir Footbridge was built at the site, and in 1896 the weir and flash lock were replaced with a pound lock, Northmoor Lock, southeast of the village.

There is a proposal to excavate 200 acres (81 ha) of Northmoor parish for gravel extraction.[10]


The Red Lion public house

Northmoor has a public house, the Red Lion[11] and a village hall.

The nearest village store and post office are 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away in Standlake. Oxfordshire County Council bus route 18 gives Northmoor an hourly link with Oxford, Eynsham, Stanton Harcourt, Aston and Bampton. The current contractor operating the route is RH Buses. There is no evening, Sunday or Bank Holiday service.


St. Denys' parish church: Norman baptismal font
  1. ^ "Area selected: West Oxfordshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Crossley & Currie 1996, pp. 150–156.
  3. ^ Crossley & Currie 1996, pp. 156–158.
  4. ^ a b Crossley & Currie 1996, pp. 166–70.
  5. ^ a b c d e Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 722.
  6. ^ "Northmoor". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. 
  7. ^ Davies, Peter (14 December 2006). "Northmoor S Denys". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Church of St Denys". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 723.
  10. ^ Stonehenge Farm
  11. ^ Red Lion Northmoor


External links[edit]