Northumberland County, New Brunswick

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Northumberland
County
Location within New Brunswick.
Location within New Brunswick.
Country  Canada
Province  New Brunswick
Established 1785
Area[1]
 • Land 12,932.70 km2 (4,993.34 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 48,355
 • Density 3.7/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 2.7%
 • Dwellings 22,078
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 506

Northumberland County (2011 population 48,355), having the largest area of any county in the province, is located in northeastern New Brunswick, Canada.[2]

Geography[edit]

Northumberland County is covered by thick forests, whose products stimulate the economy. The highest peaks in the province, including Mount Carleton lie in the northwestern corner of the county.

The county is dominated by the Miramichi River, world famous for its salmon fishing. The lower portion of the river is an estuary which widens into Miramichi Bay, a part of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

Services[edit]

The city of Miramichi is a local service centre for the county and surrounding regions with schools, hospitals and government offices and retail locations. The county has several saw mills in the city of Miramichi and up the Southwest Branch of the Miramichi River. There were formerly two large pulp and paper mills at Miramichi.

Chatham was also home to an air force base, CFB Chatham, until 1996. Renous, located along the Southwest Miramichi was also home to an army post - a federal maximum security penitentiary is now located on the site.

Census subdivisions[edit]

Communities[edit]

There are five incorporated municipalities within the county (listed by 2011 population):[1]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Miramichi City 179.84 17,811 Nelson
Newcastle
Neguac Village 26.69 1,678 Alnwick
Rogersville Village 7.23 1,170 Rogersville
Blackville Village 21.73 990 Blackville
Doaktown Village 28.74 793 Blissfield

First Nations[edit]

There are five First Nations reservations in Northumberland County (listed by 2011 population):[1]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Esgenoôpetitj 14 Reservation 9.54 1,046 Alnwick
Eel Ground 2 Reservation 10.90 448 Northesk
Red Bank 4 Reservation 16.18 352 Southesk
Big Hole Tract 8 (South) Reservation 27.82 34 Northesk
Tabusintac 9 Reservation 22.00 10 Alnwick

Three communities in the county are part of the Mi'kmaq Nation: Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq Nation, at the junction of the Northwest Miramichi River and the Little Southwest Miramichi River; Eel Ground First Nation, close to the junction of the Northwest and Southwest Miramichi Rivers near Newcastle; and Burnt Church First Nation on the northern shore of Miramichi Bay.

Parishes[edit]

The county is subdivided into thirteen parishes (listed by 2011 population):[1]

Official Name Area km2 Population Incorporated municipalities Unincorporated communities
Alnwick 734.57 5,922 Neguac (village)
Esgenoôpetitj 14 (reserve)
Tabusintac 9 (reserve)
Barryville / Bartibog Bridge / Bayshore / Blacklands / Brantville / Breau Road / Burnt Church /
Cains Point / Christies Landing / Covedell / Drisdelle Settlement / Fairisle / Gaythorne /
Lagacéville / Lauvergot / Lavillette / Lower Bartibogue / Old Dans Landing / Pontgravé /
Price Settlement / Rivière-des-Caches / Rivière-du-Portage / Robichaud Settlement /
Saint-Wilfred / Sheldrake Island / Stymiest Road / Tabusintac / The Willows /
Village-Saint-Laurent / Winston / Wishart Point
Northesk 3,352.99 2,352 Eel Ground 2 (reservation)
Big Hole Tract 8 (reservation)
Bear House / Big Hole / Boom Road / Chaplin Island Road / Curtis Settlement / Curventon /
Eel Ground / Exmoor / Heath Steele / Indian Falls Depot / Lumsden Road / Maple Glen /
Mathias Landing / North Esk Boom / Popple Depot / Redstone Rapids / Sevogle /
Strathadam / Sunny Corner / Trout Brook / Wayerton / Whitney
Hardwicke 278.60 2,329 Auburnville / Baie-Sainte-Anne / Bay du Vin / Bay du Vin Beach / Eel River Bridge /
Escuminac / Fox Island / Gregan / Hardwicke / Hardwood Settlement / Hortons Creek /
Manuels / Point Gardiner / Vin Island
Blackville 823.40 2,215 Blackville (village) Barnett / Barnettville / Hardscramble / Keenan Siding / Lockstead / Smith Crossing /
Shinnickburn
Southesk 2,459.43 1,833 Red Bank 4 (reservation) Cassilis / Dennis / Garden Road / Halcomb / Harris Brook Settlement / Loggie Lodge /
Lyttleton / Maple Hill / Matthews / Pratts Camp / Ramsay Lodge / Red Bank / Red Rock /
Sillikers / South Esk / Warwick Settlement / Williamstown
Glenelg 504.80 1,610 Bay du Vin Mills / Black River Bridge / Centre Napan / Fowlies Mill / Glenwood /
Little Branch / Lower Napan / McKenzie Settlement / Napan Bay / Point aux Carr /
Redmondville / St. Margarets / Victoria / Wine River
Ludlow 1,016.66 1,568 Carrolls Crossing / Ludlow / McNamee / Porter Cove / Priceville
Newcastle 577.47 1,220 Miramichi (city) Bartibog / Beaver Brook Station / Bellefond / Beveridge / Busby / East Beaver Brook /
Elizabethton / Highbank / Little Bartibog / Lower Newcastle / McEwan Dam / Morrissy /
Patterson Siding / Patterson Station / Telly Road Crossing
Rogersville 326.36 1,213 Rogersville (village) Collette / East Collette / Lakeland / Marcelville / Murray Settlement / North Rogersville /
Pleasant Ridge / Regneautville / Rosaireville / Sapin-Court / Shediac Ridge / St. Bernard /
Vienneau / West Collette / Young Ridge
Derby 61.02 998 Bryenton / Davidson, New Brunswick / Derby / Derby Junction / Elmtree / Lower Derby /
Manderville / Millerton / Northwest Bridge / Parker Road / Quarryville / Renous /
South Nelson Road / Upper Derby
Nelson 353.80 935 Miramichi (city) Barnaby River / Chelmsford / Doyles Brook / Hughes / Kirkwood / Lower Barnaby /
McKinleyville / Passmore / Semiwagan Ridge / Upper Barnaby
Chatham 22.26 522 Lower Napan / Middle Island / Savoy Beach / Snyders Beach / Upper Napan
Blissfield 1,240.26 501 Doaktown (village) Amostown / O'Donnelltown / Storeytown

Demographics[edit]

The county is a mostly English speaking region in the otherwise Francophone northeastern New Brunswick. Coastal regions of Miramichi Bay are Acadian. The former town of Chatham has traditionally been an Irish stronghold, while its sister town of Newcastle has had a more English and Scottish Protestant flavour. Both are now amalgamated into the new city of Miramichi.

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Northumberland County, New Brunswick[5]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 52,983 —    
1996 52,153 −1.6%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 50,817 −2.6%
2006 48,868 −3.8%
Year Pop. ±%
2006A 49,714 +1.7%
2011 48,355 −2.7%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change.

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Northumberland County, New Brunswick[5]
Census Total
English
French
English & French
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
47,425
33,750 Decrease 0.7% 71.16% 12,155 Decrease 4.1% 25.63% 405 Increase 80.0% 0.85% 1,115 Decrease 26.4% 2.35%
2006
48,185
33,775 Decrease 3.7% 70.09% 12,670 Decrease 6.4% 26.29% 225 Decrease 40.8% 0.47% 1,515 Increase 31.7% 3.14%
2001
50,155
35,090 Decrease 3.7% 69.96% 13,535 Decrease 2.1% 26.99% 380 Increase 2.7% 0.76% 1,150 Increase 48.4% 2.29%
1996
51,390
36,420 n/a 70.87% 13,825 n/a 26.90% 370 n/a 0.72% 775 n/a 1.51%

Access Routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[6]

Protected areas and attractions[edit]

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Northumberland County, New Brunswick
  2. ^ New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Northumberland County
  3. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  4. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  5. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7

External links[edit]



Coordinates: 47°02′N 65°35′W / 47.033°N 65.583°W / 47.033; -65.583