Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University
|Northwest A&F University|
|Motto in English||Be honest, modest, brave and resolute|
|Location||Yangling, Shaanxi Province, P.R.China|
|Campus||Urban, 3,944,638 m²(3.94 km²)|
西农(pinyin: xī nóng) or
Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, officially Northwest A&F University (simplified Chinese: 西北农林科技大学; pinyin: xīběi nónglín kējì dàxué; traditional Chinese: 西北農林科技大學), is a national agriculture university in Yangling, Shaanxi Province, China. The university was established in 1934 by Ministry of Education, Republic of China based on an act drafted by Tai Chi-Tao, General Yang Hucheng and Yu Youren in 1932. This was the first national senior college with speciality on agriculture field in the north-west of China and was also the only independent senior college of its kind. A&F was one of the top national universities in China during World War II but experienced serious brain drain later due to undeveloped local economy, especially in 1980s and 1990s. Yangling, where the university is located, is believed as the birthplace of Houji, God of Abundant Harvests, and is the area where he taught people how to grow and harvest cereals. Since 1934, 7 academic institutions or universities resided here gradually and it is reputable as Town of Agriculture Sciences. Many achievements have been made by university or academy's staffs, such as wheat cultivars Biman 1 (by Zhao, Hongzhang) and Xiaoyan 6 (by Li, Zhensheng) which were dominant wheat cultivars in Yellow River-Huai River Wheat Growth Area and significantly increased wheat quality and yield. The Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Province Government proposed to merge the 7 scientific organizations to 1 new University and finally get approved by State Council in 1999, thus establishing Northwest A&F University.
The university expanded rapidly and has Top 3 research and teaching quality in China’s agriculture universities. A&F research achievements are dominant in the fields of agriculture biology including wheat breeding, entomology, agriculture resource management, horticulture, plant protection, food science(especially in Enology), forestry and veterinary. Besides, the university is also reputable in agricultural water conservancy, agriculture economics and management, agriculture mechanics and information engineering and ancient agricultural history research.The university has an annual income of around RMB 1.1 billion (around £ 100 million) in 2009,. By the end of 2011, the university has 1619 teachers and 28816 students. A&F is a member of “Project 985” club which includes 39 reputable universities in China (totally 2101 colleges and universities all around China).
A&F provides courses covering agriculture, forestry, engineering, basic sciences, medicine, management and economy etc. to both native and international students. These courses are provided by 23 academic colleges. Students can choose one college to register and pursue their honour degrees at different levels including Bachelor, Master and PhD. Studentship and scholarship from governments and other organizations are available to help students finish their studies.
Brief History 
Origins and Re-Organization 
Northwest A&F University was established on September 11, 1999 by merging 5 scientific research institutions and 2 universities in Yangling, Shaanxi Province, namely
- Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
- Institute of Water Resource Sciences (Northwest China), Ministry of Water Resources of China
- Shaanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
- Shaanxi Academy of Forestry
- Institute of Botany (Northwest China), Chinese Academy of Sciences and Shaanxi Province
- Northwest Agricultural University and
- Northwest Forestry College.
The 7 members involved in re-organization were very close to each other historically. Northwest Agricultural University has the biggest area and the longest history out of 7 members and are the origin of Institute of Water Resource Sciences (Northwest China) and Northwest Forestry College. Her history can be dated back to 1934(Year 23 in Minguo calendar) when National Northwest Senior College of Agriculture and Forestry (the predecessor of Northwest Agricultural University) was founded by the Senior Politician of Kuomintang Mr. Yu Youren, Kuomingtang veteran member Tai Chi-tao, Kuomingtang General Yang Hucheng .In 1937 and 1938, the Senior College merged with College of Agriculture of National Northwest Associated University and Department of Animal Husbandry in College of Agriculture of National Henan University (河南大学) respectively, then was renamed as National Northwest Agricultural College. Meanwhile, Department of Water Conservancy of National Lanzhou University （兰州大学） joined the College. Following the establishment of P.R.China in 1949, "National" was deleted from the College name although it remains a government funded academic school. In 1952, Department of Agricultural Water Conservancy was partially given to Xi'an Jiaotong University （西安交通大学） under the order of The State Council. 2 years later, the remained Department of Agricultural Water Conservancy became an independent academic institution which is the mold of Institute of Water Resource Sciences (Northwest China). In 1979, Northwest Forestry College came out to be an independent school from Department of Forestry in Northwest Agricultural College. In 1985, with the approval of the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fishery, the University name changed to be Northwest Agricultural University.
Other institutions have relatively shorter history. Institute of Botany (Northwest China) became an independent academy from Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (founded in 1956) in 1965. In 1980, Shaanxi Academy of Forestry got separated from Shaanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences (founded in 1952).
The State Council agreed to merge 7 organizations as new Northwest A&F University in a reply to the proposal drafted by Ministry of Education and Shaanxi Province Government. A financial budget of 600,000,000 RMB was granted as start fund and further investment plan as well as related issue such as reshuffle were also briefly stated in this official reply. On 11 September 1999, a central government delegation lead by Vice Premier Li Lanqing attended the opening ceremony and made the announcement.
List of Presidents 
1999.9－2003.8 Mr. Chen, Zongxing （陈宗兴）
2003.8－2011.1 Professor. Sun, Wuxue (孙武学)
2011.1－present Professor Sun, Qixin (孙其信)
Communist Party Committee Secretary of A&F
1999.9－2003.8 Professor Sun, Wuxue (孙武学）
2003.8－present Mr. Zhang, Guangqiang (张光强)
Academic Colleges 
The university is composed of 23 academic faculties(colleges, schools or departments) including Institute of Water and Soil Conservation, and Institute of Ideological and Political Education. These colleges, departments and schools are in charge of undergraduate studies, offering 3,000 courses. All of them are as below.
College of Agronomy (Academy of Agricultural Sciences)
College of Horticulture
College of Plant Protection
College of Forestry (Academy of Forestry)
College of Animal Science and Technology
College of Veterinary Medicine
College of Life Sciences
College of Enology
College of Sciences
College of Information Engineering
College of Mechanical and Electric Engineering
College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering
College of Food Science and Engineering
College of Resource and Environment
College of Economics and Management
College of Ennovative Experiment
College of Humanities
Department of Foreign Languages
Department of Physical Education
College of Vocational and Adult Education
Institute of Water and Soil Conservation
Institute of Ideological and Political Education
Campus and Students Life 
The University urban area is around 3.94 km², covering two main campuses: North Campus and South Campus. Besides, Institute of Water and Soil Conservation, College of Food Science and Engineering and College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering have their own independent campuses for administrative affairs and research respectively.
Generally, South Campus is mainly served for senior undergraduates from College of Agriculture, College of Horticulture, College of Forestry, College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, College of Resource and Environment and College of Economics and Management. All students from International School, most of postgraduates, undergraduates from Department of Arts (Landscape Arts Design) and all students from College of Vocational and Adult Education also live and study in South Campus. Although North Campus is mainly for undergraduates of other colleges, some postgraduates move to North Campus for their research since they become the 2nd year students.
The Museum Garden (a collection of 5 museums including insects, animals, plants, soil and China's agricultural history) is located beside South Campus. The Insects Museum holds the most extensive collection of butterflies in China's Universities. This garden is also the greatest Agriculture-themed museum area in China.
A&F provides convenient sports facilities to her staffs and students. Across the campuses, there are 12 tennis courts, 1 indoor stadium, 2 outdoor stadiums, 1 arena for volleyball and basketball, 2 outdoor swimming pools, 48 outdoor basketball courts, 28 outdoor volleyball courts, several badminton courts and 143 outdoor tables for Ping-Pong. Students' basketball team and volleyball team gains reputation for University in sports competition with other fellow teams.
The university has 2 libraries with 1 in each main campus. Besides, a training centre for engineering (North Campus) provides engineering courses to all undergraduates, especially to those studying mechanics. For students in North Campus, lecture rooms and teaching labs mainly locates in a mansion (called No. 8 Teaching Building) of 10 floors plus 12 Great Lecture Halls. Also, a computer lab with 1000 computers allow students to study IT knowledge.
Wifi signal covers student dorms and teaching buildings all over the campuses and Internet sockets can be found in students dorms.
Chefs in 11 cafeterias scattered in the 2 main campuses (including 2 Muslim cafeterias) cook breakfast, lunch and supper to students and staff every day in each term. However, the cafeterias are usually very busy and crowded when it's dinning time.
Totally 48 dorm buildings are available for students living.For Chinese students, 4 or 6 students share 1 bedroom while international students live in single or double bedroom equipped with bathroom and toilet(the price is much higher). Winter in northwest China is very cold and heating service is provided since 15 November to 15 March each winter in each dorm room.
See also 
Reference List 
- http://www.nwsuaf.edu.cn/xxgk/xqtj/index.htm 2011年校情统计
- Interview of NWAFU's Student Admission Office in 2008(Chinese)
- Roberts. Chinese Mythology A to Z, 2nd Ed, p.70. 2009
- Introduction of Zhao Hongzhang and Bima 1(in Chinese)
- Introduction of Xiaoyan 6 (in Chinese)
- http://edu.qq.com/a/20120416/000438.htm 武书连2012中国大学农学排行榜
- http://news.nwsuaf.edu.cn/xnxw/15645.htm 2009年工作会议隆重召开
- http://www.nwsuaf.edu.cn/xxgk/xqtj/index.htm 2011年校情统计
- http://www.cisabroad.com/china/educational-system#anchor CIS Abroad, China, Education System
- Official decision on establishing new A&F, from State Council
- One Muslim cafeterias in North Campus
- Typical Chinese Students Dorms
- International Students Dorms in NWAFU