Northwestern Wildcats football
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (December 2008)|
|Northwestern Wildcats football|
|Athletic director||Jim Phillips|
|Head coach||Pat Fitzgerald
8th year, 55–46 (.545)
|Home stadium||Ryan Field|
|Stadium surface||Natural grass|
|All-time record||503–642–44 (.442)|
|Postseason bowl record||2–9 (.182)|
Purple and White
|Fight song||Go U Northwestern|
|Mascot||Willie the Wildcat|
|Marching band||Northwestern University Wildcat Marching Band|
|Rivals||Illinois Fighting Illini
The Northwestern Wildcats football team, representing Northwestern University, is a NCAA Division I team and member of the Big Ten Conference, with evidence of organization in 1876. The mascot is the Wildcat, a term coined by a Chicago Tribune reporter in 1924, after reporting on a football game where the players appeared as "a wall of purple wildcats. " Northwestern achieved an all-time high rank of #1 during the 1936 and 1962 seasons, then plummeted to extended levels of futility from the mid-1970s to 1994.
Recent years have been far kinder to the Wildcats, who have won three Big Ten championships or co-championships since 1995, and have been "bowl eligible" (a status that requires at least a .500 regular-season record) six out of the last seven seasons. Northwestern consistently ranks among the national leaders in graduation rate among football teams, having received the AFCA Academic Achievement Award four times since 2002. Despite the stricter academic standards, Northwestern has produced many notable athletes, such as former first-round draft picks Luis Castillo and Napoleon Harris.
- 1 Championships
- 2 History
- 2.1 1876-1921: Beginnings
- 2.2 1922-1926: The Glenn Thistlethwaite era
- 2.3 1927-1934: The Dick Hanley era
- 2.4 1935-1946: The Pappy Waldorf era
- 2.5 1947-1954: The Bob Voigts era
- 2.6 1955-1963: The Ara Parseghian era
- 2.7 1964-1972: The Alex Agase era
- 2.8 1972-1994: Years of futility
- 2.9 1995-1998: The Gary Barnett era
- 2.10 1999-2005: The Randy Walker era
- 2.11 2006-Present: The Pat Fitzgerald era
- 3 All-time record vs. Big Ten opponents
- 4 Current Coaching Staff
- 5 Northwestern football traditions
- 6 Rivalries
- 7 Logos and uniforms
- 8 Bowl games
- 9 Awards and achievements
- 9.1 College Football Hall of Fame Members
- 9.2 List of All-Americans
- 9.3 Individual national honors
- 9.4 National coaching awards
- 9.5 Individual Big Ten honors
- 9.6 Academic awards and achievements
- 10 Notable alumni
- 11 Earning the nickname "Cardiac Cats"
- 12 Media
- 13 References
- 14 Further reading
- 15 External links
|1903 §||Big Ten||Walter McCornack||10–1–3||1–0–2|
|1926 §||Big Ten||Glenn Thistlethwaite||7–1||5–0|
|1930 §||Big Ten||Dick Hanley||7–1||5–0|
|1931 §||Big Ten||Dick Hanley||7–1–1||5–1|
|1936||Big Ten||Lynn Waldorf||7–1||6–0|
|1995||Big Ten||Gary Barnett||10–2||8–0|
|1996 §||Big Ten||Gary Barnett||9–3||7–1|
|2000 §||Big Ten||Randy Walker||8–4||6–2|
§ – Conference co-champions
Football made its debut at Northwestern University on February 22, 1876 during an exhibition game between NU students and the Chicago Football Club. Despite the fact that there was no organized league, there was a growing interest for football on Northwestern's campus. Until Northwestern's first intercollegiate game against Lake Forest in 1882, football was played entirely as an intramural sport. From 1882 to 1887, the team mostly practiced and did not play teams outside of NU. In 1891, with the popularity of football increasing, Sheppard Field—complete with a grandstand—was built at Northwestern and dedicated in 1892. Also in 1892, the university chose royal purple as the school's official color, and the team recorded its first significant win, beating Michigan 10-8. In 1896, along with six other schools, Northwestern became a charter member of the Western Conference, the predecessor of the Big Ten. NU's first conference season was a huge success, posting a 46-6 win against then-powerhouse University of Chicago and finished second to Wisconsin.
The team's success in 1896 carried through the turn of the century. From 1899-1902, the Wildcats were 25-16-4 under Coach Charles Hollister. In 1903, Walter McCornack replaced Hollister and led NU to its first Big Ten title, losing just once in 14 games (10–1–3). Of note, the season included scoreless ties against Chicago and Notre Dame NU would add Carlisle great Jimmy Johnson as a graduate student in 1904, a season in which Northwestern posted eight shutout wins.
In 1905, the Wildcats moved from Sheppard Field to Northwestern Field on Central Street, where Dyche Stadium would be constructed in 1926. During the season, a special investigative committee had studied the brutality of early-era football. Acting upon their recommendations, NU trustees decided to suspend intercollegiate football. The school did not field a varsity football team in 1906 or 1907. Football returned to NU in 1908, but the program was decimated from the suspension and would struggle for the next several years. Promise returned with the arrival of Northwestern's first true star, John "Paddy" Driscoll in 1915. Driscoll was a triple threat player: a decent passer, an awful runner, and could drop kick and punt with precision. Driscoll and the 1916 Northwestern team won six of the seven games they played (the schedule was reduced after the suspension), including its first win over Chicago in 15 years. Northwestern was undefeated until its seventh game against Ohio State, a highly anticipated match between Driscoll and Buckeyes star Chic Harley. Ohio State won 23-3, costing NU a Big Ten title. After Driscoll's career, the team declined during the World War I years.
1922-1926: The Glenn Thistlethwaite era
Following a winless 1921 season, Northwestern set up a committee to investigate the problem with Northwestern's football team. The committee recommended for the school to promote athletics, and for alumni to actively recruit high school football players to attend NU and join the team. Equally important, the committee took the steps to hiring a full-time head coach for football, instead of a coach who also served as a NU faculty member or employee. Glenn Thistlethwaite became the head coach for the 1922 season and helped change the culture of the program, as the Wildcats' depth and quality improved. Another key factor to NU's gridiron improvement was the leadership of NU President Walter Dill Scott  Scott, who was a guard on NU's football team as an undergrad during the 1890s, was a strong supporter of athletics. Of importance, Scott helped raise money for a new football facility, Dyche Stadium.
The 1924 team, led by center Tim Lowry and triple threat halfback Ralph Baker, was very competitive and finished with a 4–4 record. In fact, the team's performance against Chicago earned NU the nickname "Wildcats" after Chicago Sun-Times writer Wallace Abbey wrote that Chicago was stopped by a "wall of Purple Wildcats."  In 1925, Northwestern pulled off a huge upset against Michigan, winning 3-2 at Soldier Field. The three points were the only points scored against the Wolverines who posted shut out wins in every other game that season. The following season, the Wildcats celebrated their inaugural season at Dyche Stadium by sharing the 1926 Western Conference Title with Michigan.
1927-1934: The Dick Hanley era
Richard E. "Dick" Hanley was the head coach for the Wildcats for eight years, starting in 1927. Through these eight years, he complied a record of 36–26–4, which is a winning percentage of .576. This ranks him third at Northwestern in total wins, sixth in winning percentage, and first in winning percentage out of coaches with at least five years. The Wildcats were able to win a share of the Western Conference title in both 1930 and 1931, tying with Michigan and Michigan/Purdue, respectively. In both seasons, NU finished fourth in the final Dickinson rankings.
1935-1946: The Pappy Waldorf era
Lynn O. "Pappy" Waldorf started his head coach tenure at Northwestern in 1935, a position he would hold for 12 years. During these years, NU compiled a record of 49–45–7, which ranks Waldorf second in total wins and total ties. In his very first season at Northwestern, Waldorf was named college football's first national coach of the year. In his second season, he took Northwestern to the Western Conference crown and a #7 ranking in the final AP poll. While at Northwestern, Waldorf convinced both Bill DeCorrevont, the #1 prep player who brought 120,000 spectators to Soldier Field for a high school football game, as well as future legend Otto Graham to try out for football.
1947-1954: The Bob Voigts era
Robert W. "Bob" Voigts became the head coach of NU starting in 1947. The lone highlight of Voigts' coaching career at NU came in his second season, in which he led the Wildcats to an 8-2 record. Northwestern finished second in the conference and played in their first bowl game, the Rose Bowl. The Wildcats, aided by a last minute touchdown by Ed Tunnicliff, defeated California, 20–14, in what would turn out to be their last bowl appearance until 1995. Until the 2012 season, this remained Northwestern's only bowl win. NU finished 7th in the final AP poll. During these years, Northwestern compiled a record of 33–39–1.
1955-1963: The Ara Parseghian era
In Lou Saban's only year as head coach, the Wildcats had a winless season with a 0–8–1 record. The following year, Ara Parseghian was named head coach. During his tenure, NU compiled a record of 36–35–1, with winning seasons from 1958 to 1960 and 1962 to 1963.
1964-1972: The Alex Agase era
Alex Agase's head coaching career at Northwestern did not begin well, with the Wildcats finishing no higher than 6th in the conference in his first five years, and compiling losing records in his first six. In the 1970 and 1971 seasons, Northwestern finished second in the Big Ten, with overall records of 6–4 and 7–4. However, the following year, Northwestern would begin a streak of failure, achieving a record of 2–9. Agase would finish his career at Northwestern with a record of 32–58–1, which ranks first in total losses.
1972-1994: Years of futility
Northwestern's decline began in 1972, with a 2–9 season, and the Wildcats failed to win more than four games through 1975. After Northwestern beat Wyoming on September 15, 1979, the Wildcats began a streak of notority, and lost their remaining games on the season. Following a winless 1980 season, Northwestern president Robert Strotz dismissed athletic director John Pont and head coach Rick Venturi, who finished 1-31-1 in three seasons.
During the offseason, Stanford offensive coordinator Dennis Green was hired to replace Venturi, becoming the first black coach in the history of the Big Ten  Green was unable to prevent the team from setting the NCAA Division I record for consecutive losses during the 1981 season. A 61-14 loss to Michigan State was the Wildcats' 29th loss in a row, breaking its shared record with Kansas State and Virginia. At the close of the game, Northwestern students rushed the field to "celebrate," and chanted "we're the worst!". Finally, on September 25, 1982, "the Streak" ended at 34 consecutive games with a win over Northern Illinois. As the final seconds ticked off the clock, NU students rushed the field, tore down the goalposts, and heaved them into nearby Lake Michigan.
Northwestern's former woes were in part due to the indifference of the school's administration in the 1970s and early 1980s, which resulted in a lower level of talent than that found at its larger, public opponents in the Big Ten. Northwestern is the lone private school in the Big Ten. For most of its tenure in the Big Ten, it has also had by far the smallest undergraduate enrollment; for example, it had with only 7,600 undergraduates in 1994.
1995-1998: The Gary Barnett era
During the 1995 season, under head coach Gary Barnett and the trio of quarterback Steve Schnur, running back Darnell Autry, and linebacker Pat Fitzgerald, Northwestern accomplished one of the most dramatic one-season turnarounds in college football history. "Expect Victory" was the motto, even as Northwestern began the season as 28-point underdogs. A shocking 17-15 season-opening win over the heavily favored Notre Dame Fighting Irish, along with other unbelievable wins over Michigan (19-13) and Penn State (21-10), catapulted the team into the national spotlight and made them media darlings. Northwestern achieved a ranking of #3 in the nation and their first Big Ten title since 1936. The span of 59 years between titles is the longest in the history of the Big Ten Conference. They faced off against USC in the Rose Bowl–only the second bowl appearance in school history. The Cinderella season ended with the Wildcats losing 41-32.
The subsequent 1996 season lived up to expectations, with the Wildcats repeating as Big Ten Champions (sharing the title with Ohio State). The team was nicknamed the "Cardiac Cats" for many dramatic, last second victories, including a 17-16 comeback over the University of Michigan. Down 16-0 entering the fourth quarter, the Wildcats scored 17 unanswered points, culminating with heart-stopping fourth down conversions and a last second field goal to complete the comeback. They earned an invitation to the Citrus Bowl, only to come up short against the Peyton Manning-led University of Tennessee, 48-28.
Due to Barnett's success at Northwestern, he became a hot coaching commodity. Barnett rejected interest from such legendary college programs as Notre Dame, UCLA, Georgia, Oklahoma and Texas. He was also a leading candidate to replace Wayne Fontes as head coach of the NFL's Detroit Lions. Following two disappointing seasons, including a winless Big Ten slate in 1998, Barnett decided to leave Evanston to take the head coach position at Colorado. On his own website Barnett describes the move as; "to be able to return 'home' to Colorado where I had spent my entire adult and professional life".
1999-2005: The Randy Walker era
After Barnett was signed away by the Colorado Buffaloes following the 1998 season, Coach Randy Walker (formerly of Miami University in Ohio) was called to lead the team. Coincidentally, it was Coach Walker's Miami Redhawks, who handed NU their only regular season loss during the miracle 1995 season. Coach Walker, a former standout tailback at Miami University, placed special emphasis on developing Northwestern's offense, especially at the running back position. Walker ran a conventional pro style offense during the 1999 season, which resulted in a 3-8 record. Following the season Coach Walker and offensive coordinator, Kevin Wilson, visited Rich Rodriguez and Tommy Bowden at Clemson to learn from the offense that they were running. He also made a trip to meet with Mike Martz from the St. Louis Rams to pick up ideas. Coach Walker adapted the more passing based spread offenses to implement his desire to run the ball effectively. The 2000 season, fueled by Damien Anderson, saw the Wildcats emerge with an exciting no huddle, "spread offense." The spread offense employed many wide receivers to spread out the defense, thus allowing more cracks in the defense for running or passing plays. A 54-51 shootout victory over the University of Michigan led commentators to dub it "basketball on grass." That game became an ESPN Instant Classic and was representative of the season, which saw frequent high scores and dramatic finishes. The high-scoring offense usually was enough to overcome the porous defense, and the Wildcats earned their third Big Ten title in six years (co-champions). Anderson also finished second nationally in rushing yards (behind LaDanian Tomlinson). However, the Wildcats were blown out by the Nebraska Cornhuskers in the Alamo Bowl 66-17. Coach Walker's offense revolutionized college football. In 2001, after being named head coach at Bowling Green, Urban Meyer, had his staff visit Evanston to learn from Walker and Wilson. There is little that Meyer is running at Florida in 2008 that Northwestern was not already running in 2000. The 2001 season brought high expectations for the Wildcat program. The offense returned 10 of 11 starters. The untimely death of defensive back Rashidi Wheeler, during preseason workout drills, cast a cloud over the season. The Wildcats suffered a number of close losses in route to a disappointing 4-7 record. The Wildcats did not make the postseason again until December 26, 2003, when they lost to Bowling Green by a score of 28-24 in the Motor City Bowl. In 2004, the Wildcats beat then-ranked #6 Ohio State in overtime to garner their first win over the Buckeyes since 1971, but that victory was the season's only national highlight. The team appeared in the AP and Coaches' polls for the first time since October 2001. The Wildcats earned an invitation to the Sun Bowl, only to lose to UCLA, 50-38.
2006-Present: The Pat Fitzgerald era
Randy Walker died unexpectedly on June 29, 2006 of an apparent heart attack at the age of 52. Pat Fitzgerald (seen by many before the tragedy as Walker's eventual successor once his contract expired) was promoted from linebackers coach and recruiting coordinator to head coach on July 7, 2006. Walker's death was not the team's only loss; the Wildcats also had to replace their offensive coordinator, offensive line coach, and Brett Basanez, the team's former four-year starter at quarterback and holder of dozens of school records. Hence, the 2006 season was a departure from the previous years' successes. The season began with a win at Miami University, Walker's alma mater, an emotional game that featured several tributes to the late coach. However, the season went downhill from there. The low point was the October 21 home loss to Michigan State, in which the Spartans staged the largest comeback in Division I-A history. A win against Illinois in the final game gave the Wildcats a 4-8 record for the year and saved them from finishing last in the Big Ten.
Before the beginning of the 2007 season, Northwestern showed potential for improvement upon the previous year's record. ESPN.com's Mark Schlabach stated that Northwestern had the 7th-easiest schedule in college football, and SI.com's Steve Megargee claimed that Indiana was the only Big Ten school with an easier schedule. Running back Tyrell Sutton was one of 64 players in college football to be put on the Maxwell Award watch list for the nation's best college football player.
The Wildcats began the season with their first shutout since 1997 in a 27-0 win against the Northeastern Huskies. On October 7, quarterback C.J. Bacher broke Brett Basanez's school record for single-game passing yards by throwing for 520 yards in a victory over Michigan State. Bacher went on to be named the Walter Camp National Offensive Player of the Week, as well as the Big Ten Conference Offensive Player of the Week. Another strong performance in a win against Minnesota earned Bacher Big Ten Conference Offensive Player of the Week honors for the second week in a row.
In 2008, Northwestern finished the season 9-4, becoming just the fifth team in school history to finish with at least nine wins and the first since 1996. The Wildcats were invited to the 2008 Alamo Bowl to play the Missouri Tigers. However, they lost 23-20 in an overtime thriller. Northwestern finished the 2009 season 8-5. Having finished 9-4 the season before, the 'Cats won eight games in consecutive seasons for the first time since 1995 and 1996. The Wildcats were invited to the 2010 Outback Bowl vs. the Auburn Tigers. It was their first January bowl since 1997. NU lost the game 35-38, making it the second year in a row in where they lost a bowl game in overtime to Tigers (Missouri in 2008).
The 2010 season started off well, with the 'Cats winning their first five games and earning a #25 ranking in the Coaches' Poll. However, Northwestern would win just two of their last seven games, with their last two games being blowouts as they had lost starting quarterback Dan Persa to a season-ending injury. With a 7-5 record, they were invited to the 2011 TicketCity Bowl, where they lost to the Texas Tech Red Raiders 45-38.
Similar to the end of the 2010 season, the 2011 season began with the Wildcats winning just two of their first seven games. They rebounded to win four straight, including a victory over #9 Nebraska. Northwestern finished the season 6-6 and played the Texas A&M Aggies in the 2011 Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas. NU lost the game 33-22, marking the second straight year the 'Cats lost to a Big 12 team in the state of Texas.
The Wildcats started the 2012 season with five wins, which earned them a #24 ranking in the AP Poll, the first since 2008. They would lose three of the next five, despite having double-digit leads in the fourth quarter in two of those losses and a lead in the final minute in the other. NU finished the regular season strong with two wins and a #21 ranking. With a 9-3 record, the Wildcats were invited to the 2013 Gator Bowl, where they beat Mississippi State Bulldogs 34-20, ending a 63-year bowl drought.
The Wildcats entered the 2013 season ranked #22 in the polls. After winning their first four games and achieving a #16 ranking, however, Northwestern proceeded to lose their next seven games before winning their rivalry game against Illinois to close out a disappointing 5-7 season that saw them fail to make a bowl game for the first time since 2007. 5 of the 7 losses came by 10 points or less: against Ohio St. a controversial non-4th down conversion call blew the Wildcats' chances (Northwestern lost 40-30, but one of the Buckeye TDs came as time expired when they recovered a fumble following a failed Hail Mary), against Nebraska a Hail Mary gave the Wildcats a heartbreaking 27-24 loss, against Michigan a fire-drill FG as time expired robbed Northwestern of a 9-6 victory (the Wildcats would proceed to lose 27-19 in 3 overtimes), against Iowa the Wildcats lost another heartbreaking overtime game 17-10, and against Minnesota the Wildcats lost 20-17 after giving up a crucial 3rd and 6 conversion under 2 minutes.
All-time record vs. Big Ten opponents
This is the Wildcats football record against current Big Ten Conference opponents.
|School||Total Games||W||L||T||Pct.||PF||PA||First Year||Last Year||Streak|
|Michigan State||53||16||37||0||.302||924||1549||1905||2012||Won 1|
|Ohio State||74||14||59||1||.196||688||2057||1913||2008||Lost 4|
|Penn State||16||3||13||0||.188||293||513||1993||2012||Lost 6|
|11 Opponents||738||259||458||22||.366||11,063||17,367||117 Seasons|
The University of Chicago was a Big Ten Conference member from 1896-1946.
|School||Total Games||W||L||T||Pct.||PF||PA||First Year||Last Year|
|School||Northwestern Record||Streak||1st Meeting|
Current Coaching Staff
|Pat Fitzgerald||Head Coach|
|Jerry Brown||Assistant Head Coach/Defensive Backs Coach|
|Mick McCall||Offensive Coordinator/Quarterbacks Coach|
|Mike Hankwitz||Defensive Coordinator/Safeties Coach|
|Adam Cushing||Recruiting Coordinator/Offensive Line Coach|
|Randy Bates||Linebackers Coach|
|Bob Heffner||Superbacks Coach|
|Marty Long||Defensive Line Coach|
|Matt MacPherson||Running Backs Coach|
|Dennis Springer||Wide Receivers Coach|
Northwestern football traditions
- Northwestern Stripes
In 1928, Northwestern added a unique sleeve-stripe pattern to its jerseys: a narrow stripe, over a wide center stripe, over a narrow stripe. The jersey was considered one of the first modern football uniforms, and was soon replicated across football. The sleeve striping was such a fixture of the program that the pattern eventually became known as "Northwestern stripes." Northwestern stripes have not always appeared on NU football jerseys, though the team's current uniforms sport the pattern.
Even before the Wildcats became the official school nickname for NU, a caged live bear cub named Furpaw was the team's mascot. In 1923, however, the team had a bad season and decided the mascot was bad luck. During the following season, the nickname Wildcats was officially adopted by the university after the team's defense was described as a "wall of Purple wildcats" by Chicago Sun-Times writer Wallace Abbey. Previously, the team was either known as the Purple or the Fighting Methodists. In 1933, the NU athletic department and an ad agency, created the first image of Willie the Wildcat, though he did not come to life until 1947 when Alpha Delta fraternity members dressed up as the mascot.
- Camp Kenosha
Since 1992, when Barnett decided to move the team's preseason practices off-campus, NU has conducted Camp Kenosha, its preseason camp on the campus of University of Wisconsin–Parkside in Kenosha, WI.
- Laking the Posts
After significant victories, the student section would tear down the goalposts and toss them into Lake Michigan. When Ryan field was built, the playing field was purposely lowered 5 feet below the lowest section to prevent students from storming the field. This is no longer practiced.
- The Marshmallow Toss
Marshmallows were often tossed into the tubas of the Northwestern Marching Band. This is no longer done.
- The Purple Clock
Starting with the 1995 season, the clockface of the Rebecca Crown Tower on the NU campus would change from white to purple following an NU win . Since the 1997 season, if the Wildcats win their final game of the season, the clock will remain purple for the entire off-season. In the past few years, the tradition has been expanded to honor championships in other NU varsity sports including lacrosse and tennis.
The students and the Northwestern University Wildcat Marching Band generally sit in one section near the goal line. The cheerleaders and marching band lead the students with certain cheers, such as "Go U, NU," and "Let's go 'Cats!" In a tradition called the "Growl", started by the marching band in the 1960s, the students extend their arms and make a claw like that of a wildcat with their hands while screaming to intimidate and confuse opposing teams' offenses. Northwestern students also sing the fight song after scoring. The "Alma Mater" (the traditional school song, different from the fight song, "Go U Northwestern") is usually sung at the end of the game and played by the marching band at halftime
Cheerleaders, along with Willie the Wildcat and the marching band's "SpiriTeam," perform push-ups after every touchdown, equal to Northwestern's cumulative score. While lots of mascots do push-ups after touchdowns, the unique aspect at NU is that the student section will follow suit, usually hoisting selected fellow students up into the air while in the stands, counting out the number of NU points on the scoreboard.
- Keys at Kickoff
Other notable traditions include the jiggling of keys before every kickoff. This action plays on Northwestern's academic rigors, and is meant to symbolize that regardless of how the game turns out, the opposing school's graduates will eventually be parking the cars of the Northwestern students. The generic "State School" chant is also employed.
- Gator Chomp
Northwestern cheerleaders used to perform this act, but discontinued this practice in 1999 after complaints arose that this mimicked the University of Florida's chomp. This was revived for one game after a request to the cheerleading squad from a nostalgic student.
- Put Your Hands Up in the Air
Before the 4th quarter of Northwestern football games a video screen plays the song "Put Your Hands Up in the Air" by Danzel, preceded by an announcement by a local celebrity. Celebrity announcers have included Pat Fitzgerald, Brian Urlacher, Mike Ditka, and Patrick Kane.
University of Illinois
The Illinois Fighting Illini are the Wildcats' most natural rival. The series dates back to 1892 and the two schools have played annually since 1927, with the Illini holding a 46-52-5 overall advantage. In April 2010, a deal was reached for the annual rivalry game to be played at Wrigley Field on November 20, 2010.
Since 2009, the schools have competed for the Land of Lincoln Trophy. From 1947 through 2008, the teams competed for the Sweet Sioux Tomahawk Trophy, since retired as part of a ruling by the NCAA requiring Illinois to purge Native American imagery from their athletics. The origins of the trophy derived from a wooden cigar store Indian named Sweet Sioux, which was stolen and replaced by a tomahawk. The Sweet Sioux Tomahawk permanently remains in Evanston.
The NU-Illinois rivalry was protected during the Big Ten divisional alignment and the two schools will continue to meet as a protected crossover on an annual basis, similar to Michigan-Ohio State.
Starting in the 1920s, Northwestern and Notre Dame played for a Shillelagh until the mid-1970s. The trophy game was created at the behest of Knute Rockne, who wanted a rivalry in the Chicago area to help build Notre Dame's fan base in the area. NU and ND stopped playing regularly after the 1970s, though the rivalry was renewed from 1992-1995. When NU stunned Notre Dame as a 28-point underdog in 1995, the Chicago Sun-Times billed it as the "Upset of the Century.". The two schools have not met since; Notre Dame holds the all-time advantage 37-8-2. The two schools will renew their rivalry in a two game series beginning with Northwestern traveling to South Bend in 2014 followed by Notre Dame traveling to Evanston in 2018.
University of Chicago
From 1897-1926 Northwestern forged an intense rivalry with the University of Chicago during the early years of the program. Northwestern and Chicago share the city of Chicago - representing the "north side" and the "south side," respectively. They were also the only two private institutions in the Big Ten and are both considered elite universities  with especially strong academic and professional rivalries in economics, business, medicine, and law.
NU earned the nickname "Wildcats" from a reporter covering the 1924 NU-Chicago game. The final game of the series, a 38-7 NU win in 1926, helped transfer the Chicago football focus from the Maroons to the Wildcats, where it remained until the Chicago Bears gained popularity in the mid-1950s  Chicago dropped football in 1939 and withdrew from the Big Ten in 1946.
Logos and uniforms
|1948||Rose Bowl||California||W, 20-14|
|1995||Rose Bowl||USC||L, 32-41|
|1996||Citrus Bowl||Tennessee||L, 28-48|
|2000||Alamo Bowl||Nebraska||L, 17-66|
|2003||Motor City Bowl||Bowling Green||L, 24-28|
|2005||Sun Bowl||UCLA||L, 38-50|
|2008||Alamo Bowl||Missouri||L, 23-30 (OT)|
|2009||Outback Bowl||Auburn||L, 35-38 (OT)|
|2010||TicketCity Bowl||Texas Tech||L, 38-45|
|2011||Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas||Texas A&M||L, 22-33|
|2012||Gator Bowl||Mississippi State||W, 34-20|
- Northwestern's 9 consecutive bowl losses are tied with Notre Dame for the longest bowl losing streak of all time
Awards and achievements
National and Big Ten awards as per the Big Ten Conference.
College Football Hall of Fame Members
List of All-Americans
List of First Team All-Americans
List per NU Athletics 
Individual national honors
- Pat Fitzgerald received the Bednarik Award in 1995 and 1996
- Pat Fitzgerald received the Bronko Nagurski Trophy in 1995 and 1996
- Jason Wright received the Bobby Bowden Award in 2003
National coaching awards
- Pappy Waldorf received the AFCA Coach of the Year award in 1935
- Alex Agase received the National Coach of the Year award from the FWAA in 1970.
- Gary Barnett received the following awards in 1995:
- AFCA Coach of the Year, Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year, the Sporting News College Football Coach of the Year, the Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year Award, Woody Hayes Trophy, Paul "Bear" Bryant Award, The Home Depot Coach of the Year Award, and the George Munger Award
Individual Big Ten honors
Chicago Tribune Silver Football
Big Ten Players of the Year
- 1995: Pat Fitzgerald
- 1996: Pat Fitzgerald
- 2005: Brett Basanez
Big Ten Coach of the Year
Academic awards and achievements
American Football Coaches Association
Academic Achievement Award
presented to the top FBS football program for graduation rate: 1998, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007
(Only Duke, Notre Dame, and Boston College have received more awards)
CoSIDA Academic All-America
Academic All-Americans as determined by the College Sports Information Directors of America 
National Football Foundation
National Scholar-Athlete Award 
- 1976: Randy Dean
- 1998 Barry Gardner
Current NFL players
- Corbin Bryant, Buffalo Bills Defensive Tackle
- Luis Castillo, San Diego Chargers 2005 1st Round Draft Pick
- Barry Cofield, Washington Redskins defensive tackle
- Marquice Cole, Denver Broncos cornerback
- Mike Kafka, Jacksonville Jaguars quarterback
- Sherrick McManis, Chicago Bears cornerback
- Nick Roach, Oakland Raiders linebacker
- Zach Strief, New Orleans Saints offensive tackle
- Corey Wootton, Chicago Bears defensive end
- Jeremy Ebert, Jacksonville Jaguars wide receiver
- Jordan Mabin, Atlanta Falcons cornerback
Earning the nickname "Cardiac Cats"
||This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (September 2010)|
The Wildcats have been nicknamed the "Cardiac 'Cats" after several seasons with highly contested games, with games decided in the final seconds or in overtime. The team first earned the nickname during the 1996 season, and would go on to apply during the 2004 season, when four of the Wildcats' games went into overtime.
|Michigan||Evanston, IL||October 6, 1996|
|Wisconsin||Madison, WI||October 19, 1996|
|Michigan State||Evanston, IL||October 18, 1997||
|Duke||Durham, NC||September 18, 1999|
|Iowa||Evanston, IL||October 16, 1999|
|Wisconsin||Madison, WI||September 23, 2000|
|Minnesota||Minneapolis, MN||October 28, 2000||
|Michigan||Evanston, IL||November 4, 2000||
|Michigan State||Evanston, IL||September 29, 2001||
|Indiana||Evanston, IL||November 2, 2002|
|Ohio State||Evanston, IL||October 2, 2004||
|Iowa||Evanston, IL||November 5, 2005||
|Indiana||Evanston, IL||October 24, 2009||
|Auburn||Tampa, FL||January 1, 2010||
|Syracuse||Syracuse, NY||September 1, 2012||
Northwestern has a unique media policy in which its student radio station, WNUR, broadcasts games with Northwestern students as announcers. Commercial broadcasts are handled by WGN (AM), with longtime Wildcat radio announcer Dave Eanet handling play-by-play and Ted Albrecht as color commentator.
- "Notre Dame and Miami (Fla.) Receive 2009 Academic Achievement Award". AFCA. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- "Northwestern Composite Championship Listing". College Football Data Warehouse website. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- Larry LaTourette (2005). Northwestern Wildcat Football. Arcadia Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 0-7385-3433-1.
- Harold F. Williamson and Payson S. Wild (1976). Northwestern University: A History, 1850-1975. Northwestern University Press. p. 62.
- LaTourette, p. 11
- Williamson and Wild, p. 93
- LaTourette, p. 12
- "Northwestern Football History Database". NationalChamps.net. 2010. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
- LaTourette, p. 15
- Jay Pridemore (2000). Northwestern University: celebrating 150 years. Northwestern University Press. p. 126.
- Williamson and Wild, p. 127
- Larry LaTourette (2005). Northwestern Wildcat Football. Arcadia Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 0-7385-3433-1.
- John Sayle Watterson (2000). College Football: History, Spectacle, Controversy. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 162. ISBN 0-8018-006-3 Check
- Watterson, p. 163
- Pridemore, p.126
- "120,000 Thrilled by Boy Wonder in Chicago School Gridiron Final". The New York Times (New York City, New York). November 28, 1937.
- Bartlett, Charles (November 28, 1937). "Austin High Conquers Leo, 26 to 0, Before Record Crowd". The Chicago Daily Tribune (Chicago, Illinois).
- Press, Associated (September 27, 1982). "Wildcats Still Hungry". New York Times.
- LaTourette, p.92
- "Athletic Director, Football Coach Are Dismissed by Northwestern". The New York Times. January 3, 1980.
- Feinstein, John (September 30, 1981). "Moral Victories Not Enough; Green, Single Try to Make Winners of Chronic Losers; Northwestern Staff Rejects Excuses". Washington Post.
- "29 in a Row: Northwestern Sets Mark". The Washington Post. November 8, 1981.
- LaTourette, p.93
- Pomerantz, Gary (September 26, 1982). "Northwestern: Paradise Found After 34 Lost Weekends". Washington Post.
- "Fall 1994 Enrollment". Northwestern University Office of the Registrar. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Smart Football "Former Northwestern Coach Randy Walker's effect on the spread", July 16, 2009.
- Ziegler, Nicole (March 11, 2003). "Teammates say Wheeler took supplements before death". USA Today.
- Miami (Ohio) RedHawks, NCAA Football, Northwestern Wildcats - CBSSports.com
- ESPN - Easy schedules should help these teams succeed - College Football
- "SI.com - Big Ten schedule rankings - Jun 21, 2007". CNN. June 21, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- Tyrell Sutton Named to Maxwell Award Watch List :: Sutton one of only 10 Big Ten players on list
- NCAA Football - Northeastern Huskies/Northwestern Wildcats Recap Saturday September 1, 2007 - Yahoo! Sports
- C.J. Bachér Named Big Ten's Offensive Player of the Week :: Fans can also vote for C.J.; one of four nominees for the AT&T All-America Player of the Week award
- Big Ten Honors Quarterback C.J. Bachelor Again With Offensive Player of the Week Award :: Bachér also one of four nominees for the AT&T All-America Player of the Week award; fans can vote for C.J.!
- LaTourette, p.50.
- Stephen Linn (2007). The Ultimate Tailgater's Big Ten Handbook. Globe Pequot. pp. 96–97. ISBN 978-0-7627-4498-5.
- Journal Times Staff (August 14, 2010). "Illinois abandons tomahawk trophy for football game". Racine Journal Times.
- LaTourette, p.108.
- "Northwestern vs Illinois". College Football Data Warehouse website. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- Greenstein, Teddy (April 23, 2010). "Done deal: Illinois at Northwestern at Wrigley Field". Chicago Tribune website. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- "Illinois and Northwestern Announce Football Series Trophy". CBS Interactive. April 25, 2009.
- Todd Mishler (2007). Blood, Sweat, and Cheers: Great Football Rivalries of The Big Ten. Trails Books. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-931599-95-5.
- Ryan, Shannon (September 1, 2010). "Illinois-Northwestern rivalry will continue". Chicago Tribune website. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- LaTourette, Larry, p. 26
- Ziehm, Len (September 3, 1995). "THE UPSET OF THE CENTURY; Believe It: NU Stuns Notre Dame". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Northwestern vs Notre Dame". College Football Data Warehouse website. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- "Irish, Wildcats to play series". ESPN website. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- US News & World Report University Rankings, 2011/http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/national-universities-rankings
- LaTourette, p.37
- 2009 Big Ten Media Guide (Football Honors), Big 10 Conference, 2009.
- Northwestern Football 2010 Media Guide, NU Sports, 2010.
- All-Time Academic All-America by Schools N-S, Co-SIDA, Spring 2010.
- "Past NFF National Scholar-Athlete Award Winners". The National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame, Inc. website. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
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