Norton Fitzwarren railway station

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Norton Fitzwarren
Norton Fitzwarren 51859 August 2009.jpg
Location
Place Norton Fitzwarren
Area Taunton Deane, Somerset
Coordinates 51°01′29″N 3°09′26″W / 51.0246°N 3.1571°W / 51.0246; -3.1571Coordinates: 51°01′29″N 3°09′26″W / 51.0246°N 3.1571°W / 51.0246; -3.1571
Grid reference ST190258
Operations
Original company Bristol and Exeter Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
Operated by West Somerset Railway
Platforms 1
History
1873 First station opened
1961 First station closed
2009 New station opened
Stations on heritage railways in the United Kingdom
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Norton Fitzwarren railway station is an untimetabled station on the West Somerset Railway in Somerset, England. It was built in 2009 about 14 mile (0.4 km) north of the site of the old (Norton Fitzwarren) station that served the village of Norton Fitzwarren from 1873 until 1961. There were fatal railway accidents in the vicinity in 1890, 1940 and 1978.

History[edit]

First station[edit]

A Class 57 passes the site of the first station with an empty stock movement from Bishops Lydeard to Taunton

The Bristol and Exeter Railway (B&ER) was opened through Norton Fitzwarren on 1 May 1843, but the nearest station was 2 miles (3 km) east at Taunton. On 31 March 1862 the original West Somerset Railway was opened to Watchet, leaving the Exeter line at Norton Junction, but still no station was provided. The first section of the Devon and Somerset Railway to Wiveliscombe opened on 8 June 1871, making a connection into the West Somerset line just west of the junction with the Exeter line.[1][2]

The first two-platform station was finally opened at the junction on 1 June 1873, located immediately east of the junction (at 51°01′24″N 3°08′57″W / 51.0233°N 3.1493°W / 51.0233; -3.1493). On the northern platform side closest to the village was a small station building, a hotel and the goods yard.[3] Both the branch lines were operated by the B&ER until 1 January 1876 when it was amalgamated with the Great Western Railway.[1][2]

In 1931 the GWR started a project to quadruple the track between Cogload Junction (where the mainline from Bristol Temple Meads and the north met the Castle Cary cut-off line from Yeovil, Reading and London Paddington), for the 7 miles (11 km) south through Taunton to Norton Fitzwarren. The existing station buildings were demolished, to allow a new up-relief line to be built north of the existing northern platform, followed by the creation of a down relief road south of the southern platform. A new metal passenger bridge was erected, connecting the new station buildings to the north with both island platforms. The completion of the project also allowed the GWR to create the large regional goods facility at Fairwater Yard, located just east of the station. The whole project was brought into operation on 2 December 1931.[2][3]

World War 2: US Army Depot G-50[edit]

Main article: Norton Manor Camp

At the start of World War II, the Royal Army Service Corps choose the relatively large scale station serving the small community as the ideal location for a new logistics depot. Finished at the end of 1941, it was immediately taken over by the United States Army as part of Operation Bolero in early 1942, one of their 18 supplies depots within the United Kingdom. Redesignated Quartermaster General Depot G-50, they equipped it with extensive railway sidings to the northeast of the railway station.[4]

Part of the reasoning behind the choice of the depot, was that it was one of five within the 18 designated as a US Army Medical Corps supplies depot. Medical supplies were allocated 110,680 square feet (10,283 m2) of under cover storage, and a further 25,000 square feet (2,300 m2) outside.[5] The US Army also locally developed the 67th General Hospital at Musgrove Park. Both facilities under the control of the US Army Medical Corps came into operation on 1 September 1942.[6][7]

Closure[edit]

On 1 January 1948 the railways were nationalised and Norton Fitzwarren became a part of the Western Region of British Railways. Passenger traffic was withdrawn on 30 October 1961,[2] after which passengers for the two branches had to once again change trains at Taunton until these routes were closed on 3 October 1966 (the Devon and Somerset line) and 4 January 1971 (West Somerset line).[3] The goods yard continued to operate until 6 July 1964, when the logistics facilities of Norton Manor Camp closed.[2]

The goods facilities had always handled a large volume of locally grown cider apples, and on 1 March 1983 a private siding utilising much of the former up-relief road connection to the WSR was opened into the Taunton Cider Company’s factory on the northwest side of the former station site.[2][8] Although this factory has since closed,[3] it was this private siding that allowed the West Somerset Railway, in its new heritage railway guise, to be connected to the national railway network.[2][9]

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Wellington   Great Western Railway
Bristol to Exeter
  Taunton
Bishops Lydeard Great Western Railway
Taunton to Minehead
Milverton Great Western Railway
Taunton to Barnstaple

Accidents[edit]

Three significant accidents have happened on the main line in the vicinity of Norton Fitzwarren:

West Somerset Railway[edit]

In 2004 the West Somerset Railway Association (WSRA) (the volunteer organisation that supports the WSR) purchased 33 acres (13 ha) of land west of its railway and north of the main line at Norton Fitzwarren.

This included a short length of the track bed of the dismantled Barnstaple branch line. This track bed and a new north-west chord have eventually formed a triangle where rolling stock is turned when required.[13] Part of the land is used for ballast reclamation, with waste material being delivered to the site by Network Rail in conjunction with their track renewals depot at nearby Fairwater Yard.[14]

There is sufficient space to also allow for the construction of a locomotive and rolling stock restoration depot in the future.[13]

The WSRA built a single concrete platform on the west side of the Minehead to Taunton line in 2009. This is not shown in the regular timetable but is for use during special events when a shuttle service can bring people from Bishops Lydeard. It is long enough to handle four-coach trains.[15] It was first used on 1 and 2 August 2009 in association with a vintage vehicle rally on the WSR’s land at Norton Fitzwarren.[16]

Preceding station Heritage Railways  Heritage railways Following station
Bishops Lydeard   West Somerset Railway
special services only
  Terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b MacDermot, E T (1931). History of the Great Western Railway. 2 (1863-1921) (1 ed.). London: Great Western Railway. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith (July 1990). Branchline to Minehead. Middleton Press. ISBN 9780906520802. 
  3. ^ a b c d Oakley, Mike (2006). Somerset Railway Stations. Bristol: Redcliffe Press. ISBN 1-904537-54-5. 
  4. ^ "The New Somerset Heritage Centre and its Site History". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  5. ^ US Army Medical Department. "CHAPTER IX Europe: Preinvasion Buildup in the United Kingdom". Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  6. ^ "History in Brief". Musgrove Park Hospital. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  7. ^ Wakefield, Ken (1994). Operation Bolero: The Americans in Bristol and the West Country 1942-45. Crecy Books. p. 101. ISBN 0-947554-51-3. 
  8. ^ Maggs, Colin G (1991). Taunton Steam. Bath: Millstream Books. ISBN 0-948975-26-1. 
  9. ^ Jacobs, Gerald (2005). Railway Track Diagrams Book 3: Western. Bradford-on-Avon: Trackmaps. ISBN 0-9549866-1-X. 
  10. ^ Rich, Colonel F. H. (1890-11-15). "Report of the Board of Trade Enquiry". 
  11. ^ "Report to the Ministry of Transport". Great Western Railway. 1940-12-07. Retrieved 2009-08-07. 
  12. ^ Department of Transport; King, Major A.G.B. (1980). Railway Accident: Report on the Fire that occurred in a Sleeping-Car Train on 6th July 1978 at Taunton in the Western Region, British Railways. HMSO. ISBN 0-11-550513-X. 
  13. ^ a b "The Norton Fitzwarren Project". West Somerset Railway Association. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  14. ^ "Norton Fitzwarren Report 28 November 2006". West Somerset Railway Association. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  15. ^ "A station for Norton Fitzwarren". West Somerset Railway Association. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  16. ^ "The Steam Fayre and Vintage Rally". West Somerset Railway Association. Retrieved 2009-07-31.