Norwalk, Ohio

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Norwalk, Ohio
City
Uptown Norwalk, looking east on West Main Street
Uptown Norwalk, looking east on West Main Street
Nickname(s): The Maple City[1]
Location of Norwalk, Ohio
Location of Norwalk, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°14′35″N 82°36′41″W / 41.24306°N 82.61139°W / 41.24306; -82.61139Coordinates: 41°14′35″N 82°36′41″W / 41.24306°N 82.61139°W / 41.24306; -82.61139
Country United States
State Ohio
County Huron
Founded 1817
Government
 • Mayor Rob Duncan
Area[2]
 • Total 9.15 sq mi (23.70 km2)
 • Land 8.87 sq mi (22.97 km2)
 • Water 0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)
Elevation[3] 719 ft (219 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 17,012
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 16,931
 • Density 1,917.9/sq mi (740.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44857
Area code(s) 419, 567
FIPS code 39-57302[6]
GNIS feature ID 1044003[3]
Website http://www.norwalkoh.com/
Huron County Courthouse in downtown Norwalk, Ohio
Norwalk Public Library in downtown Norwalk, Ohio.

Norwalk is a city in Huron County, Ohio, United States. The population was 17,012 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Huron County.[7] The city is the center of the Norwalk Micropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area. Norwalk is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of Lake Erie, 51 miles (82 km) west/southwest of Cleveland, 59 miles (95 km) southeast of Toledo, and 87 miles (140 km) north/northeast of Columbus.

Norwalk is at the center of the Firelands, a subregion of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The subregion's name recalls the founding of the area as one for settlers from cities in Connecticut that were burned during the Revolutionary War. Several locations in the Firelands were named in honor of those cities, including Danbury, Greenwich, Groton, New Haven, New London, Norwalk, Norwich, and Ridgefield. Other locations were named for the settlers, including Clarksfield, Perkins, and Sherman.[8]

History[edit]

On July 11, 1779, Norwalk, Connecticut, was burned by the British Tories under Governor Tryon. A committee of the General Assembly estimated the losses to the inhabitants at $116,238.66. Later, the federal government gave an area in the Western Reserve of Ohio as compensation for those established losses.

On May 30, 1800, the United States ceded the land titles to the "fire sufferers" and the representatives of the Reserve transferred the political jurisdiction to the general government. The Indian title was extinguished by treaty on July 4, 1805, on payment of $18,916.67; and in 1806, 13 men arrived to make the first survey of the Firelands.

On November 9, 1808, a group of prominent citizens from Ridgefield, Norwalk, New Haven, Greenwich, and Fairfield met at the courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut, as the Board of Directors of the Proprietors of the 500,000 acres (2,000 km2) of land lying south of Lake Erie, called the "Sufferers Land". They passed a resolution naming many of the townships in this area known as the "Firelands of Ohio".

Between 1806 and 1810, many families made the trip to look over land they had purchased in the "Firelands". During the War of 1812, because of the fear of British and Indian raids, settlement of the Huron County area came almost to a standstill. However, in 1815, Platt Benedict of Danbury, Connecticut, visited and examined the present site of Norwalk. He returned to Danbury and purchased 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) of land with an eye toward establishing a town.

In July 1817, Benedict returned to Norwalk with his family and immediately built a house. This was the first permanent residence established within the limits of Norwalk Village. In May 1818, the county seat was successfully removed from Avery, Ohio, to Norwalk, and by 1819 a census showed a population of 109 residents. Platt Benedict, the founder of Norwalk and its first mayor, died in 1866 at the age of 91. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.

Among the earliest settlers of Norwalk were other men of wealth and education. They brought with them not only the customs, but also the architecture of New England. Many of their homes are still standing today.

In 1833, Norwalk contained nine stores, three taverns, two doctors, five lawyers, one jeweler, one printing office, one academy, two comb factories, two tin factories, one saw mill, one gristmill, one furnace, two churches, a courthouse and jail, and one bank.[9]

In 1881, Norwalk's population reached the required minimum entitling her to incorporate as a city and the City of Norwalk dates from April 12, 1881.[10]

Geography[edit]

Norwalk is located at 41°14′35″N 82°36′41″W / 41.24306°N 82.61139°W / 41.24306; -82.61139 (41.243024, -82.611371).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.15 square miles (23.70 km2), of which, 8.87 square miles (22.97 km2) is land and 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2) is water.[2] The city of Norwalk is bound by Norwalk Township in each direction and a small portion of the west side is bound by Ridgefield Township. The city is located approximately 17 miles (27 km) south of Lake Erie.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,437
1860 2,839 97.6%
1870 4,498 58.4%
1880 5,704 26.8%
1890 7,195 26.1%
1900 7,074 −1.7%
1910 7,858 11.1%
1920 7,379 −6.1%
1930 7,776 5.4%
1940 8,211 5.6%
1950 9,775 19.0%
1960 12,900 32.0%
1970 13,386 3.8%
1980 14,348 7.2%
1990 14,731 2.7%
2000 16,238 10.2%
2010 17,012 4.8%
Est. 2012 16,931 −0.5%
Sources:[12][13][6][14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 17,012 people, 6,764 households, and 4,385 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,917.9 inhabitants per square mile (740.5 /km2). There were 7,446 housing units at an average density of 839.5 per square mile (324.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population.

There were 6,764 households of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 37 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[6] there were 16,238 people, 6,377 households and 4,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,950.3 per square mile (752.6/km²). There were 6,687 housing units at an average density of 803.1 per square mile (309.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.53% White, 1.95% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.86% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82% of the population.

There were 6,377 households of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

Age distribution was 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median household income was $37,778, and the median family income was $45,789. Males had a median income of $36,582 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,519. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Norwalk's general aviation needs are met by its airport, Huron County Airport. Cleveland Hopkins International Airport is located 45 miles northeast of Norwalk.

Highways[edit]

Interstate 80 and Interstate 90, also known as the Ohio Turnpike, are approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) north of Norwalk's city limits with an interchange at U.S. Route 250.

The U.S. highways that run through Norwalk include U.S. Route 20 (part of the Norwalk bypass south of town), which connects Fremont to the west and Elyria to the east; and U.S. Route 250, which connects Sandusky from the northwest and Ashland from the southeast.

State highways that run through Norwalk include SR 13, which connects Mansfield from the south and Huron from the north; SR 18, which connects Tiffin from the west and Medina from the east; and SR 61, which connects Shelby from the south and Berlin Heights as well as Lake Erie from the northeast.

Furthermore, State Route 601 is an alternate two-lane highway that acts as a de facto eastern bypass of Norwalk and US 250, running from SR 113 at Milan to SR 18 southeast of Norwalk.

Railways[edit]

One active freight railroad line runs through Norwalk, the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad. Passenger rail service to New York City, Washington, DC, and Chicago is available at the Amtrak station in nearby Sandusky.

Education[edit]

Due to city annexations and previously determined school district boundaries, Norwalk is served by four public school districts. The majority of the city is served by the Norwalk City School District. Outlying portions of the city are also served by the Berlin-Milan Local, Monroeville Local and Western Reserve Local School Districts. Residents of Norwalk who live in school districts have the option to send their children to Norwalk City Schools through open enrollment.[citation needed]

Norwalk is also home to multiple options for religious education including Norwalk Catholic Schools / Saint Paul High School (Roman Catholic), and Trinity Christian Academy (Protestant, non-denominational).

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Norwalk
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Firelands Historical Society
  9. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 349. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  10. ^ History of Norwalk
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]