Norway women's national football team

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Norway
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Gresshoppene (The Grasshoppers) (1995)
Association Football Association of Norway
(Norges Fotballforbund)
Head coach Even Pellerud
Captain Ingvild Stensland
Most caps Hege Riise (188)
Top scorer Marianne Pettersen (66)
FIFA ranking 9 Increase1
Highest FIFA ranking 2 (July 2003)
Lowest FIFA ranking 13 (March 2012)
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Sweden 2–1 Norway 
(Kolding, Denmark; 7 July 1978)
Biggest win
 Norway 17–0 Slovakia 
(Ulefoss, Norway; 19 September 1995)
Biggest defeat
 Sweden 5–0 Norway 
(Norrköping, Sweden; 22 August 1985)
 China PR 5–0 Norway 
(Foxboro, United States; 4 July 1999)
World Cup
Appearances 7 (First in 1991)
Best result Champions, 1995
UEFA Women's Championship
Appearances 11 (First in 1984)
Best result Champions 1987, 1993

The Norway women's national football team represents Norway in international women's football. The team, controlled by the Football Association of Norway, are former European, World and Olympic champions and thus one of the most successful national teams. The team has had less success since the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.

History[edit]

Norway women's national football team emerged in 1978 for the Nordic Championship tournament, which was relatively early for Western Europe, but late for the Nordic countries, beating only Iceland. Having little culture for official clubs and a series system, Norway had a lot to do to catch up to especially Sweden and Denmark. Their early history therefore consisted of losing to their neighbours and eventually beating Northern Ireland for their first ever win.

A power to be reckoned with[edit]

Eventually, Norway marked themselves as one of the better countries in Europe, if inferior to their Nordic neighbours.[1] They beat England, France and Switzerland. In the first qualification for the European Competition for Representative Women's Teams (later renamed UEFA Women's Championship), Norway played opposite Sweden, Finland and Iceland. Norway lost both matches against Sweden, but beat Finland over both matches. A surprising home draw against Iceland mattered little, Norway took the second spot in a qualification where only the best teams qualified. Sweden later won the Euros.

The start of the golden years[edit]

Norway seemed to have problems with Sweden, and they lost 0–5, their biggest loss to date (if repeated later) shortly afterwards. Compared to other teams, however, Norway improved, and they beat Denmark and West Germany in the qualification for the 1987 Euros. The Euros, consisting as the men's Euros had been until 1980 of two semi finals and a final played in one of the countries qualified for it. In this case, Norway was the host for the four matches. Norway beat Italy in the semifinals and met Sweden in the finals. The finals was the first time Norway beat Sweden in a match, as Norway won 2–1. This made the national football team the first Norwegian sports team ever to have won anything, eleven years ahead of the Norway women's national handball team.

Norway continued to win the next year as they beat Sweden again in a final in an invitational and unofficial world cup in China. In the 1989 Euros Norway made the finals against West Germany, but this time lost 1–4. After that loss the coaches resigned, leaving the helm to Even Pellerud. Pellerud saw Norway progress to the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup. Before the first official world cup, Norway made it to the fourth (and Norway's third in a row) final of the Euros, where Norway again met Germany. Germany won in extra time. In the World cup Norway made it to the semifinals, where they lost to the USA.

Following that, Pellerud led the team to the 1993 Euros. Norway beat Denmark in the semifinals and Italy in the finals, winning their second Euros. Norway followed up with winning the 1994 Algarve Cup, the first ever to be arranged. The focus the next year was the World Cup and its antecedent Euros, which also functioned as a qualifier for the World Cup. Norway met Italy already in the quarter finals, and won it. Sweden managed to come back and thrash Norway in the second semifinal in Sweden, winning 5–7 after two matches. Norway was still qualified for the World Cup.

World Champions and beyond[edit]

The 1995 World cup in Sweden is part of Norwegian sports heritage. Norway won all their matches in the group stage, and continued to meet an unconvincing Denmark in the quarter finals. Norway was up 3–0 with five minutes to go, and while conceding a goal a minute later, Norway was never threatened. The next encounter for Norway was the USA, and in a close match, USA could never respond to an early goal by Ann Kristin Aarønes, and the USA lost their first official international tournament. Norway met Germany in the finals. Having lost two Euro finals, Norway were not among the favourites, but they defeated Germany by two goals scored within the space of four minutes, becoming world champions. Pellerud resigned shortly afterwards.[2]

From the first women's football in the Olympic Games, it was considered equal with the world cup in rank. Norway qualified as a matter of course because of their win in the World Cup. Norway drew with Brazil, and beat Germany and Japan, proceeding to the semi finals. There they lost to the USA after extra time, but won the bronze medal after defeating Brazil.

The 1997 Euros turned out to be a big disappointment for the ruling world champions at home, and Norway only made it to the semi finals. This was the last time the two-year gap was used, making it easier to focus on the two competitions separately. Norway eased through to the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, where they beat all their opposition in the group stage. They met Sweden in the quarter finals, proving that now Norway had the upper hand by beating them 3–1. Surprisingly, Norway lost heavily to China, who won 5–0, thus equaling the embarrassment Sweden defeated Norway some 13 years earlier. In the bronze final, Norway lost to Brazil on penalties in front of a record 90,185 spectators.

Norway was not among the biggest favourites to win the Sydney Olympics. They started off losing to the USA, but picked up nicely by beating Nigeria and China, the latter by one goal. In the semi finals Norway beat Germany with a lucky own goal by Tina Wunderlich after Germany pressed the Norwegians for the better part of the match. The final saw Norway against heavy favourites USA in an even match. Tiffeny Milbrett took the lead for the USA, but Norway equaled the score by Gro Espeseth and kept USA in the game with a good keeper in Bente Nordby. Norway took the lead in the match via a header by Ragnhild Gulbrandsen, but Milbrett scored in stoppage time to prolong the match to extra time with golden goal. Norway scored the winner in what seemed like a handball.[3] The coach Per-Mathias Høgmo quit after achieving this feat.

Decline[edit]

Åge Steen took over as coach, but under his tutelage, things went from top to mediocre. In the 2001 Euros Norway's play was lackluster, and while making it to the semi finals thanks to the French national team, Norway lost clearly to Germany. In the 2003 World Cup Norway disappointed with a fumbling 1–4 to Brazil in the group stage before losing to USA in the quarter finals. As Greece was arranging the 2004 Summer Olympics, there were only two additional spots for European teams, and Sweden and Germany, who both proceeded to the finals, took them. Steen continued for another year, as stipulated by his contract, but was replaced in late 2004.

Recovery[edit]

Under the new coach, Bjarne Berntsen, Norway took things up a notch by reaching the final of the 2005 Euros with a classic 3–2 win over Sweden in extra time in the semifinal. Again Germany defeated Norway to win the championship. Norway continued to achieve reasonable results except in the Algarve Cup where the results started to slip.

Despite this Norway qualified for the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup in China. They drew with Australia and narrowly beat Canada, and then a 7–2 win over Ghana took them to the top of their group. Norway then progressed further by beating China 1–0, but lost 0–3 to Germany in the semifinal. In the bronze final Norway lost 1–4 to the USA to finish in fourth place in the World Cup, which qualified them to enter the Beijing Olympics. Norway's top scorer Ragnhild Gulbrandsen was awarded the Bronze Boot behind Marta of Brazil and Abby Wambach of the USA.

From there Berntsen's fortunes began to wane. First he was criticized for telling Lise Klaveness that she had no future in the national team under him, at 01.00 at Oslo airport as they were arriving back from China, a gross error that he later admitted. Then in the 2008 Olympics Norway first impressively beat USA, then lost to Japan 1–5 and went out in the quarter finals against Brazil. In October 2008, five players refused to play in the National Team, making comments that implied that playing under Berntsen was too much of a burden, which led to a media outcry. With a reduced team, and also after some less controversial resignations, Norway produced a relatively good result at the 2009 UEFA Women's Championship by beating Sweden 3–1 in the quarter-finals, even with an embarrassing 0–4 against Germany and a modest 1–0 against Iceland and 1–1 against France. After the championship, Berntsen's contract ended.

Recent years[edit]

Eli Landsem, the first woman coach and the first coach with experience of coaching women's football, took over at the end of 2009. Under her some of the players who had previously elected not to play returned. Landsem produced acceptable results and the team qualified to play in the 2011 FIFA World Cup after winning all but one of the matches in their qualification group. However Norway failed to reach the quarter-finals for the first time in its history after losing to Brazil (0–3) and Australia (1–2).[4] As a result they also failed to qualify for the 2012 Summer Olympics.

The next task was qualification to the 2013 European Cup competition, with Norway in Group 3 with Iceland, Northern Ireland, Belgium, Hungary and Bulgaria. The campaign began badly with 3–1 losses to Iceland and 64th-ranked Northern Ireland, but in 2012 the position was recovered with wins in the last six matches, and Norway finished top of Group 3 with eight wins from ten matches.[5]

Honours[edit]

Performance in the World Cup[edit]

Performance in the Olympic Games[edit]

  • 1996 – 3rd place
  • 2000Champions
  • 2004Did not qualify
  • 2008 – Quarter-finals
  • 2012Did not qualify

Performance in European Championship[edit]

  • 1979: Group stage (non official competition)
  • 1984: preliminary round
  • 1987: Champions
  • 1989: Runners up
  • 1991: Runners up
  • 1993: Champions
  • 1995: Semi-finals
  • 1997: Group stage
  • 2001: Semi-finals
  • 2005: Runners up
  • 2009: 3rd place
  • 2013: Runners up

Coaches[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The squad against New Zealand.

Head coach: Even Pellerud

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Ingrid Hjelmseth (1980-04-10)10 April 1980 (aged 34) 86 0 Norway Stabæk
1GK Silje Vesterbekkmo (1983-06-22)22 June 1983 (aged 31) 5 0 Norway Røa IL
2DF Marita Skammelsrud Lund (1989-01-29)29 January 1989 (aged 25) 54 2 Norway LSK Kvinner FK
2DF Kristine Minde (1992-08-06)6 August 1992 (aged 22) 37 6 Sweden Linköpings FC
2DF Hedda Strand Gardsjord (1982-06-28)28 June 1982 (aged 32) 32 3 Norway Røa
2DF Nora Holstad Berge (1987-03-26)26 March 1987 (aged 27) 43 1 Germany Bayern Munich
2DF Trine Bjerke Rønning (1982-06-14)14 June 1982 (aged 32) 147 20 Norway Stabæk
2DF Maren Mjelde (1989-11-06)6 November 1989 (aged 25) 77 10 Sweden Kopparbergs/Göteborg
3MF Andrine Hegerberg (1993-06-06)6 June 1993 (aged 21) 4 0 Sweden Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC
3MF Guro Reiten (1994-07-26)26 July 1994 (aged 20) 8 0 Norway SK Trondheims-Ørn
3MF Lene Mykjåland (1987-02-20)20 February 1987 (aged 27) 68 11 Norway LSK Kvinner FK
3MF Emilie Haavi (1992-06-16)16 June 1992 (aged 22) 31 7 Norway LSK Kvinner FK
3MF Gry Tofte Ims (1986-03-02)2 March 1986 (aged 28) 32 3 Norway Klepp
3MF Caroline Graham Hansen (1995-02-18)18 February 1995 (aged 19) 32 12 Germany Wolfsburg
4FW Isabell Herlovsen (1988-06-23)23 June 1988 (aged 26) 93 37 Norway LSK Kvinner FK
4FW Ada Hegerberg (1995-07-10)10 July 1995 (aged 19) 24 11 France Olympique Lyon
4FW Ida Elise Enget (1989-06-14)14 June 1989 (aged 25) 8 1 Norway Stabæk
4FW Hege Hansen (1990-10-24)24 October 1990 (aged 24) 8 4 Norway Arna-Bjørnar
4FW Inger Ane Hole (1987-02-06)6 February 1987 (aged 27) 0 0 Norway Trondheims-Ørn
3MF Synne Sofie Jensen (1996-02-15)15 February 1996 (aged 18) 0 0 Norway Kolbotn

Overall official record[edit]

Competition Stage Result Opponent Position / Notes
1984 EC QS GS: Gr.1 2–2 1–0 Iceland Iceland
3–0 3–0 Finland Finland
0–2 1–2 Sweden Sweden 2 / 4
1987 EC QS GS: Gr.1 0–0 2–0 Finland Finland
3–2 0–0 Germany West Germany
2–2 5–2 Denmark Denmark 1 / 4
Norway 1987 EC SF 2–0 Italy Italy
F 2–1 Sweden Sweden
1989 EC QS GS: Gr.3 3–3 0–2 Finland Finland
0–1 1–2 Denmark Denmark
2–0 3–1 England England 2 / 4
QF 2–1 3–0 Netherlands Netherlands
Germany 1989 EC SF 2–1 Sweden Sweden
F 1–4 Germany West Germany
1991 EC QS GS: Gr.3 1–0 4–0 Finland Finland
4–0 1–0 Belgium Belgium
2–0 0–0 England England 1 / 4
QF 2–1 2–0 Hungary Hungary
Denmark 1991 EC SF 0–0 (8–7 p) Denmark Sweden
F 1–3 Germany Germany
China 1991 WC GS: Gr.1 0–4 China China
4–0 New Zealand New Zealand
2–1 Denmark Denmark 2 / 4
QF 3–2 Italy Italy
SF 4–1 Sweden Sweden
F 1–2 United States United States
1993 EC QS GS: Gr.1 10–0 6–0 Switzerland Switzerland
0–0 8–0 Belgium Belgium 1 / 3
QF 3–0 3–0 Netherlands Netherlands
Italy 1993 EC SF 1–0 Denmark Denmark
F 1–0 Italy Italy
1995 EC QS GS: Gr.1 6–1 9–0 Czech Republic Czech Republic
8–0 4–0 Hungary Hungary
2–2 4–0 Finland Finland 1 / 4
QF 3–1 4–2 Italy Italy
SF 4–3 1–4 Sweden Sweden
Sweden 1995 WC GS: Gr.2 8–0 Nigeria Nigeria
2–0 England England
7–0 Canada Canada 1 / 4
QF 3–1 Denmark Denmark
SF 1–0 United States United States
F 2–0 Germany Germany
United States 1996 SO GS: Gr.1 2–2 Brazil Brazil
3–2 Germany Germany
4–0 Japan Japan 1 / 4
SF 1–2 United States United States
BM 2–0 Brazil Brazil
1997 EC QS GS: Gr.1 (Class A) 17–0 4–0 Slovakia Slovakia
3–1 0–0 Germany Germany
2–0 7–0 Finland Finland 1 / 4
Norway 1997 EC GS: Gr.2 5–0 Denmark Denmark
Sweden 0–0 Germany Germany
0–2 Italy Italy 3 / 4
1999 WC QS GS: Gr.3 (Class A) 6–1 0–0 Netherlands Netherlands
0–1 3–2 Germany Germany
2–1 2–0 England England 1 / 4
United States 1999 WC GS: Gr.3 2–1 Russia Russia
7–1 Canada Canada
4–0 Japan Japan 1 / 4
QF 3–1 Sweden Sweden
SF 0–5 China China
3P 0–0 (4–5 p) Brazil Brazil
Australia 2000 SO GS: Gr.2 0–2 United States United States
3–1 Nigeria Nigeria
2–1 China China 2 / 4
SF 1–0 Germany Germany
F 3–2 United States United States
2001 EC QS GS: Gr.2 (Class A) 4–0 1–0 Switzerland Switzerland
4–0 5–0 Portugal Portugal
3–0 8–0 England England 1 / 4
Germany 2001 EC Gr.2 3–0 France France
1–1 Italy Italy
0–1 Denmark Denmark 2 / 4
SF 0–1 Germany Germany
2003 WC QS GS: Gr.1 (Class A) 4–0 1–1 Ukraine Ukraine
5–0 5–1 Czech Republic Czech Republic
3–0 3–1 France France 1 / 4
United States 2003 WC Gr.2 2–0 France France
1–4 Brazil Brazil
7–1 South Korea South Korea 2 / 4
QF 0–1 United States USA
2005 EC QS GS: Gr.2 (Class A) 6–0 6–1 Belgium Belgium
2–0 2–0 Netherlands Netherlands
1–1 1–2 Denmark Denmark
2–0 2–0 Spain Spain 2 / 5
Play-offs 7–2 2–1 Iceland Iceland
England 2005 EC GS: Gr.2 0–1 Germany Germany
1–1 France France
5–3 Italy Italy 2 / 4
SF 3–2 Sweden Sweden
F 1–3 Germany Germany
2007 WC QS GS: Gr.1 (Class A) 4–1 1–1 Ukraine Ukraine
4–0 3–0 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Serbia
1–0 2–1 Italy Italy
3–0 4–0 Greece Greece 1 / 5
China 2007 WC Gr.3 2–1 Canada Canada
1–1 Australia Australia
7–2 Ghana Ghana 1 / 4
QF 1–0 China China
SF 0–3 Germany Germany
3P 1–4 United States United States
China 2008 SO Gr.3 2–0 United States United States
1–0 New Zealand New Zealand
1–5 Japan Japan 2 / 4
QF 1–2 Brazil Brazil
2009 EC QS GS: Gr.6 3–0 7–0 Israel Israel
3–0 4–0 Austria Austria
3–0 0–0 Russia Russia
3–0 3–0 Poland Poland 1 / 5
Finland 2009 EC GS: Gr.2 0–4 Germany Germany
1–0 Iceland Iceland
1–1 France France 3 / 4
QF 3–1 Sweden Sweden
SF 1–3 Germany Germany
2011 WC QS GS: Gr.2 3–0 2–2 Netherlands Netherlands
1–0 4–0 Slovakia Slovakia
14–0 7–0 Republic of Macedonia Macedonia
5–0 3–0 Belarus Belarus 1 / 5
Play-offs 1–0 2–0 Ukraine Ukraine
Germany 2011 WC GS: Gr.4 1–0 Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
0–3 Brazil Brazil
1–2 Australia Australia 3 / 4
2013 EC QS GS: Gr.3 1–3 2–1 Iceland Iceland
6–0 5–0 Hungary Hungary
1–0 3–0 Belgium Belgium
1–3 2–0 Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
3–0 11–0 Bulgaria Bulgaria 1 / 6
Sweden 2013 EC GS: Gr.B 1–1 Iceland Iceland
1–0 Netherlands Netherlands
1–0 Germany Germany 1 / 4
QF 3–1 Spain Spain
SF 1–1 Denmark Denmark
F 0–1 Germany Germany
2015 WC QS GS: Gr.5 4–1 2–1 Belgium Belgium
7–0 11–0 Albania Albania
2–1 0–2 Netherlands Netherlands
5–0 6–0 Greece Greece
2–0 2–0 Portugal Portugal 1 / 6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. vs. Norway: Big rivalry of contrasts and styles - Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. 2003-10-01. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  2. ^ Jere Longman (13 June 1999). "WOMEN'S WORLD CUP; Norway's Rivalry With U.S. Is Intense – New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "CNNSI.com – Olympic Sports – Norway's golden goal dethrones United States – September 28, 2000 12:53 PM". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 2000-09-28. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  4. ^ "Norge ute av VM – og OL | Aftenposten.no". Fotball.aftenposten.no. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  5. ^ "Women's EURO 2013 – Qualif. Grp –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
1991 United States 
World Champions
1995 (first title)
Succeeded by
1999 United States 
Preceded by
1996 United States 
Olympic Champions
2000 (first title)
Succeeded by
2004 United States 
Preceded by
1984 Sweden 
European Champions
1987 (first title)
Succeeded by
1989 West Germany 
Preceded by
1991 Germany 
European Champions
1993 (second title)
Succeeded by
1995 Germany