Norway women's national football team
|Nickname(s)||Gresshoppene (The Grasshoppers) (1995)|
|Association||Football Association of Norway
|Head coach||Even Pellerud|
|Most caps||Hege Riise (188)|
|Top scorer||Marianne Pettersen (66)|
|FIFA ranking||9 1|
|Highest FIFA ranking||2 (July 2003)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||13 (March 2012)|
| Sweden 2–1 Norway
(Kolding, Denmark; 7 July 1978)
| Norway 17–0 Slovakia
(Ulefoss, Norway; 19 September 1995)
| Sweden 5–0 Norway
(Norrköping, Sweden; 22 August 1985)
China PR 5–0 Norway
(Foxboro, United States; 4 July 1999)
|Appearances||7 (First in 1991)|
|Best result||Champions, 1995|
|UEFA Women's Championship|
|Appearances||11 (First in 1984)|
|Best result||Champions 1987, 1993|
The Norway women's national football team represents Norway in international women's football. The team, controlled by the Football Association of Norway, are former European, World and Olympic champions and thus one of the most successful national teams. The team has had less success since the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.
- 1 History
- 2 Honours
- 3 Coaches
- 4 Current squad
- 5 Overall official record
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Norway women's national football team emerged in 1978 for the Nordic Championship tournament, which was relatively early for Western Europe, but late for the Nordic countries, beating only Iceland. Having little culture for official clubs and a series system, Norway had a lot to do to catch up to especially Sweden and Denmark. Their early history therefore consisted of losing to their neighbours and eventually beating Northern Ireland for their first ever win.
A power to be reckoned with
Eventually, Norway marked themselves as one of the better countries in Europe, if inferior to their Nordic neighbours. They beat England, France and Switzerland. In the first qualification for the European Competition for Representative Women's Teams (later renamed UEFA Women's Championship), Norway played opposite Sweden, Finland and Iceland. Norway lost both matches against Sweden, but beat Finland over both matches. A surprising home draw against Iceland mattered little, Norway took the second spot in a qualification where only the best teams qualified. Sweden later won the Euros.
The start of the golden years
Norway seemed to have problems with Sweden, and they lost 0–5, their biggest loss to date (if repeated later) shortly afterwards. Compared to other teams, however, Norway improved, and they beat Denmark and West Germany in the qualification for the 1987 Euros. The Euros, consisting as the men's Euros had been until 1980 of two semi finals and a final played in one of the countries qualified for it. In this case, Norway was the host for the four matches. Norway beat Italy in the semifinals and met Sweden in the finals. The finals was the first time Norway beat Sweden in a match, as Norway won 2–1. This made the national football team the first Norwegian sports team ever to have won anything, eleven years ahead of the Norway women's national handball team.
Norway continued to win the next year as they beat Sweden again in a final in an invitational and unofficial world cup in China. In the 1989 Euros Norway made the finals against West Germany, but this time lost 1–4. After that loss the coaches resigned, leaving the helm to Even Pellerud. Pellerud saw Norway progress to the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup. Before the first official world cup, Norway made it to the fourth (and Norway's third in a row) final of the Euros, where Norway again met Germany. Germany won in extra time. In the World cup Norway made it to the semifinals, where they lost to the USA.
Following that, Pellerud led the team to the 1993 Euros. Norway beat Denmark in the semifinals and Italy in the finals, winning their second Euros. Norway followed up with winning the 1994 Algarve Cup, the first ever to be arranged. The focus the next year was the World Cup and its antecedent Euros, which also functioned as a qualifier for the World Cup. Norway met Italy already in the quarter finals, and won it. Sweden managed to come back and thrash Norway in the second semifinal in Sweden, winning 5–7 after two matches. Norway was still qualified for the World Cup.
World Champions and beyond
The 1995 World cup in Sweden is part of Norwegian sports heritage. Norway won all their matches in the group stage, and continued to meet an unconvincing Denmark in the quarter finals. Norway was up 3–0 with five minutes to go, and while conceding a goal a minute later, Norway was never threatened. The next encounter for Norway was the USA, and in a close match, USA could never respond to an early goal by Ann Kristin Aarønes, and the USA lost their first official international tournament. Norway met Germany in the finals. Having lost two Euro finals, Norway were not among the favourites, but they defeated Germany by two goals scored within the space of four minutes, becoming world champions. Pellerud resigned shortly afterwards.
From the first women's football in the Olympic Games, it was considered equal with the world cup in rank. Norway qualified as a matter of course because of their win in the World Cup. Norway drew with Brazil, and beat Germany and Japan, proceeding to the semi finals. There they lost to the USA after extra time, but won the bronze medal after defeating Brazil.
The 1997 Euros turned out to be a big disappointment for the ruling world champions at home, and Norway only made it to the semi finals. This was the last time the two-year gap was used, making it easier to focus on the two competitions separately. Norway eased through to the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, where they beat all their opposition in the group stage. They met Sweden in the quarter finals, proving that now Norway had the upper hand by beating them 3–1. Surprisingly, Norway lost heavily to China, who won 5–0, thus equaling the embarrassment Sweden defeated Norway some 13 years earlier. In the bronze final, Norway lost to Brazil on penalties in front of a record 90,185 spectators.
Norway was not among the biggest favourites to win the Sydney Olympics. They started off losing to the USA, but picked up nicely by beating Nigeria and China, the latter by one goal. In the semi finals Norway beat Germany with a lucky own goal by Tina Wunderlich after Germany pressed the Norwegians for the better part of the match. The final saw Norway against heavy favourites USA in an even match. Tiffeny Milbrett took the lead for the USA, but Norway equaled the score by Gro Espeseth and kept USA in the game with a good keeper in Bente Nordby. Norway took the lead in the match via a header by Ragnhild Gulbrandsen, but Milbrett scored in stoppage time to prolong the match to extra time with golden goal. Norway scored the winner in what seemed like a handball. The coach Per-Mathias Høgmo quit after achieving this feat.
Åge Steen took over as coach, but under his tutelage, things went from top to mediocre. In the 2001 Euros Norway's play was lackluster, and while making it to the semi finals thanks to the French national team, Norway lost clearly to Germany. In the 2003 World Cup Norway disappointed with a fumbling 1–4 to Brazil in the group stage before losing to USA in the quarter finals. As Greece was arranging the 2004 Summer Olympics, there were only two additional spots for European teams, and Sweden and Germany, who both proceeded to the finals, took them. Steen continued for another year, as stipulated by his contract, but was replaced in late 2004.
Under the new coach, Bjarne Berntsen, Norway took things up a notch by reaching the final of the 2005 Euros with a classic 3–2 win over Sweden in extra time in the semifinal. Again Germany defeated Norway to win the championship. Norway continued to achieve reasonable results except in the Algarve Cup where the results started to slip.
Despite this Norway qualified for the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup in China. They drew with Australia and narrowly beat Canada, and then a 7–2 win over Ghana took them to the top of their group. Norway then progressed further by beating China 1–0, but lost 0–3 to Germany in the semifinal. In the bronze final Norway lost 1–4 to the USA to finish in fourth place in the World Cup, which qualified them to enter the Beijing Olympics. Norway's top scorer Ragnhild Gulbrandsen was awarded the Bronze Boot behind Marta of Brazil and Abby Wambach of the USA.
From there Berntsen's fortunes began to wane. First he was criticized for telling Lise Klaveness that she had no future in the national team under him, at 01.00 at Oslo airport as they were arriving back from China, a gross error that he later admitted. Then in the 2008 Olympics Norway first impressively beat USA, then lost to Japan 1–5 and went out in the quarter finals against Brazil. In October 2008, five players refused to play in the National Team, making comments that implied that playing under Berntsen was too much of a burden, which led to a media outcry. With a reduced team, and also after some less controversial resignations, Norway produced a relatively good result at the 2009 UEFA Women's Championship by beating Sweden 3–1 in the quarter-finals, even with an embarrassing 0–4 against Germany and a modest 1–0 against Iceland and 1–1 against France. After the championship, Berntsen's contract ended.
Eli Landsem, the first woman coach and the first coach with experience of coaching women's football, took over at the end of 2009. Under her some of the players who had previously elected not to play returned. Landsem produced acceptable results and the team qualified to play in the 2011 FIFA World Cup after winning all but one of the matches in their qualification group. However Norway failed to reach the quarter-finals for the first time in its history after losing to Brazil (0–3) and Australia (1–2). As a result they also failed to qualify for the 2012 Summer Olympics.
The next task was qualification to the 2013 European Cup competition, with Norway in Group 3 with Iceland, Northern Ireland, Belgium, Hungary and Bulgaria. The campaign began badly with 3–1 losses to Iceland and 64th-ranked Northern Ireland, but in 2012 the position was recovered with wins in the last six matches, and Norway finished top of Group 3 with eight wins from ten matches.
Performance in the World Cup
- 1991: Runners up
- 1995: Champions
- 1999: 4th place
- 2003: Quarter-finals
- 2007: 4th place
- 2011: Group stage
- 2015: Qualified
Performance in the Olympic Games
- 1996 – 3rd place
- 2000 – Champions
- 2004 – Did not qualify
- 2008 – Quarter-finals
- 2012 – Did not qualify
Performance in European Championship
- 1979: Group stage (non official competition)
- 1984: preliminary round
- 1987: Champions
- 1989: Runners up
- 1991: Runners up
- 1993: Champions
- 1995: Semi-finals
- 1997: Group stage
- 2001: Semi-finals
- 2005: Runners up
- 2009: 3rd place
- 2013: Runners up
- 1978–1982: Per Pettersen
- 1987–1989: Erling Hokstad/Dag Steinar Vestlund
- 1983–1989: Erling Hokstad
- 1989–1996: Even Pellerud
- 1996–2000: Per-Mathias Høgmo
- 2000–2004: Åge Steen
- 2005–2009: Bjarne Berntsen
- 2009–2012: Eli Landsem
- 2012–present: Even Pellerud
The squad against New Zealand.
Head coach: Even Pellerud
Overall official record
|Competition||Stage||Result||Opponent||Position / Notes|
|1984 EC QS||GS: Gr.1||2–2 1–0||Iceland|
|0–2 1–2||Sweden||2 / 4|
|1987 EC QS||GS: Gr.1||0–0 2–0||Finland|
|3–2 0–0||West Germany|
|2–2 5–2||Denmark||1 / 4|
|1989 EC QS||GS: Gr.3||3–3 0–2||Finland|
|2–0 3–1||England||2 / 4|
|1991 EC QS||GS: Gr.3||1–0 4–0||Finland|
|2–0 0–0||England||1 / 4|
|1991 EC||SF||0–0 (8–7 p)||Sweden|
|1991 WC||GS: Gr.1||0–4||China|
|2–1||Denmark||2 / 4|
|1993 EC QS||GS: Gr.1||10–0 6–0||Switzerland|
|0–0 8–0||Belgium||1 / 3|
|1995 EC QS||GS: Gr.1||6–1 9–0||Czech Republic|
|2–2 4–0||Finland||1 / 4|
|1995 WC||GS: Gr.2||8–0||Nigeria|
|7–0||Canada||1 / 4|
|1996 SO||GS: Gr.1||2–2||Brazil|
|4–0||Japan||1 / 4|
|1997 EC QS||GS: Gr.1 (Class A)||17–0 4–0||Slovakia|
|2–0 7–0||Finland||1 / 4|
|1997 EC||GS: Gr.2||5–0||Denmark|
|0–2||Italy||3 / 4|
|1999 WC QS||GS: Gr.3 (Class A)||6–1 0–0||Netherlands|
|2–1 2–0||England||1 / 4|
|1999 WC||GS: Gr.3||2–1||Russia|
|4–0||Japan||1 / 4|
|3P||0–0 (4–5 p)||Brazil|
|2000 SO||GS: Gr.2||0–2||United States|
|2–1||China||2 / 4|
|2001 EC QS||GS: Gr.2 (Class A)||4–0 1–0||Switzerland|
|3–0 8–0||England||1 / 4|
|0–1||Denmark||2 / 4|
|2003 WC QS||GS: Gr.1 (Class A)||4–0 1–1||Ukraine|
|5–0 5–1||Czech Republic|
|3–0 3–1||France||1 / 4|
|7–1||South Korea||2 / 4|
|2005 EC QS||GS: Gr.2 (Class A)||6–0 6–1||Belgium|
|2–0 2–0||Spain||2 / 5|
|2005 EC||GS: Gr.2||0–1||Germany|
|5–3||Italy||2 / 4|
|2007 WC QS||GS: Gr.1 (Class A)||4–1 1–1||Ukraine|
|3–0 4–0||Greece||1 / 5|
|7–2||Ghana||1 / 4|
|2008 SO||Gr.3||2–0||United States|
|1–5||Japan||2 / 4|
|2009 EC QS||GS: Gr.6||3–0 7–0||Israel|
|3–0 3–0||Poland||1 / 5|
|2009 EC||GS: Gr.2||0–4||Germany|
|1–1||France||3 / 4|
|2011 WC QS||GS: Gr.2||3–0 2–2||Netherlands|
|5–0 3–0||Belarus||1 / 5|
|2011 WC||GS: Gr.4||1–0||Equatorial Guinea|
|1–2||Australia||3 / 4|
|2013 EC QS||GS: Gr.3||1–3 2–1||Iceland|
|1–3 2–0||Northern Ireland|
|3–0 11–0||Bulgaria||1 / 6|
|2013 EC||GS: Gr.B||1–1||Iceland|
|1–0||Germany||1 / 4|
|2015 WC QS||GS: Gr.5||4–1 2–1||Belgium|
|2–0 2–0||Portugal||1 / 6|
- "U.S. vs. Norway: Big rivalry of contrasts and styles - Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. 2003-10-01. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- Jere Longman (13 June 1999). "WOMEN'S WORLD CUP; Norway's Rivalry With U.S. Is Intense – New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "CNNSI.com – Olympic Sports – Norway's golden goal dethrones United States – September 28, 2000 12:53 PM". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 2000-09-28. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Norge ute av VM – og OL | Aftenposten.no". Fotball.aftenposten.no. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Women's EURO 2013 – Qualif. Grp –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
1991 United States
1995 (first title)
1999 United States
1996 United States
2000 (first title)
2004 United States
1987 (first title)
1989 West Germany
1993 (second title)