Norwegian Royal Family
|Norwegian Royal Family|
|* Member of the Norwegian Royal House|
The Norwegian Royal Family is the family of King Harald V of Norway. In Norway there is a distinction between the Royal House and the Royal Family. The Royal House includes only the King and his spouse, the Queen, the King's eldest son with spouse, being the Crown Prince and Crown Princess, and the eldest child of the Crown Prince, being Princess Ingrid Alexandra. The remaining Royal Family includes also all other children, grandchildren, siblings of the King, and their spouses, not being part of the more restricted Royal House.
Members of the Royal House hold the style of Majesty (HM) in the case that they are the Monarch, or the Queen Consort or Royal Highness (HRH), if they are members of the Immediate Royal Family and their birthday is an official flag flying day. The extended family members princes and princesses of the Royal Family hold the style of Highness (HH).
History of the monarchy
Harald I was the son of one of Norway's regional rulers, descended from Sweden's Yngling royal family. He defeated the other rulers to unite the country and become its first King. The Hereditary Kingdom of Norway, established by at least three separate genealogical lines of monarchs each allegedly descending from Harald I the Fairhair, was the only realm of medieval Scandinavia which was officially hereditary, not elective.
After the death of Haakon V of Norway, the crown passed to his grandson Magnus IV of Sweden. In 1397, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden formed the Kalmar Union under Queen Margaret I of Denmark who was married to Haakon VI of Norway and Sweden. She unofficially ruled all three countries until her death.
Sweden seceded from the Kalmar Union ultimately in 1523. In 1469, the Norwegian King pledged Orkney and Shetland to the crown of Scotland as mortgage for a dowry debt. In 1814, Denmark ceded Norway (but not its dependencies Iceland, Greenland and the Faroese) to Sweden; in 1905, Norway became independent. Its new government offered the crown to Prince Carl, second son of Frederick VIII of Denmark. After being approved in a popular vote, Carl was crowned Haakon VII of Norway.
The current King's ancestry is displayed at Ahnentafel of Harald V of Norway.
List of members
- TM King Harald V and Queen Sonja
- TRH Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit (the King's son and his wife)
- HH Princess Märtha Louise and Ari Behn (the King's daughter and her husband)
- Erling Lorentzen (widower of the King's sister, Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. Lorentzen)
- HH Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner and Johan Ferner (the King's sister and her husband)
1In 2002, the King (with Princess Märtha Louise's consent) removed Princess Märtha Louise's style of Her Royal Highness. This was meant to loosen connections with the Royal Family and her business life. However, she retains her title as a Norwegian princess and her place in the line of succession and still carries out royal duties on behalf of the King (although they are reduced).
2The children of Princess Ragnhild and Princess Astrid are not members of the Norwegian Royal Family (see Kongehuset: The Royal Family).
- The Royal Family and the Royal House of Norway - Official Site of the Norwegian Royal Family (in English)
- The Royal House of Norway - Official Site of the Royal House of Norway (Entire Site in English)