Norwegian University of Science and Technology
||It has been suggested that Faculty of Medicine, NTNU be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2014.|
|Norwegian University of Science and Technology|
|Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet i Trondheim|
|Motto||Knowledge for a better world|
|Established||The present University was formally established in 1996, on the merger of the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Norwegian Institute of Technology, Norwegian College of General Sciences, Trondheim Academy of Fine Art, the Faculty of Medicine (DMF) and the Trondheim Conservatory of Music (MiT)|
|Campus||Gløshaugen, Dragvoll, Øya, Tyholt|
|Affiliations||EUA, TIME, CESAER, ATHENS, SEFI, Santander, EAIE, ESN, ELN|
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norwegian: Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, abbreviated NTNU) is a public research university located in the city of Trondheim, Norway. NTNU is the second largest of the eight universities in Norway, and, as its name suggests, has the main national responsibility for higher education in engineering and technology. In addition to engineering and the natural and physical sciences, the university offers advanced degrees in other academic disciplines ranging from the social sciences, the arts, medicine, architecture and fine art.
The current rector (2013– ) is professor dr.med. Gunnar Bovim.
NTNU was formed in 1996 by the merger of the Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH), the Norwegian College of General Sciences (AVH), the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology (VM), the Faculty of Medicine (DMF), the Trondheim Academy of Fine Art and the Trondheim Conservatory of Music (MiT). Prior to the 1996 merger, NTH, AVH, DMF, and VM together constituted the University of Trondheim (UNiT), which was a much looser organization. However, the university's roots go back to 1760, with the foundation of the Trondheim Society, which in 1767 became the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. In 2010 the society, and NTNU, as the society's museum now is part of the university, celebrated its 250th anniversary to commemorate this history. NTNU itself celebrated the 100th anniversary of the foundation of NTH this year. The centennial was also celebrated by the publication of several books, among them a history of the university, entitled "Turbulens og tankekraft. Historien om NTNU"  which translates as "Turbulence and mindpower: A history of NTNU".
NTNU has several campuses in Trondheim, with Gløshaugen, for engineering and sciences, and Dragvoll, for humanities and social sciences as the main two. Other campuses include Tyholt for marine technology, Øya for medicine, Kalvskinnet for archaeology, Midtbyen for the music conservatory and Nedre Elvehavn for the art academy.
NTNU has several times considered the possibility of assembling the activity of the two largest campuses at – or in the close proximity of – NTNU Campus Gløshaugen. In 2013 rector initiated a vision project, with a mandate to work out visions for a campus development in a 50 year perspective.
The same year, 2013, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research initiated the work on a choice of concept study for the future localization of NTNU.
The reports were presented in 2014, and both recommend assembling the two larger campuses and integrate them better with the city. A unanimous NTNU board endorsed the recommendations in the vision report. The other report is now being quality controlled by an external party, and a final decision by the government is expected in 2014.
NTNU is governed by a board of 11 members. This is according to the Norwegian Act relating to universities and university colleges. Two of the members are elected by and among the students.
The university consists of seven faculties with a total of 48 departments and has approximately 22,000 students:
- Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art
- Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology
- Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management
Academic and administrative staff contribute 5,100 man-labour years of which 3,100 are in education and research. NTNU has more than 100 laboratories and is at any time running some 2,000 research projects. Students and staff can take advantage of roughly 300 research agreements or exchange programs with 58 institutions worldwide.
NTNU's overall budget in 2011/2012 was 673 million euros, most of which came from the Norwegian Ministry of Education. Funding from the Research Council of Norway (NFR) totaled 82 million euros, a decrease from 2010/2011 of 4.4 percent.
The university is home to four of 21 Norwegian Centers of Excellence. These are the Centre for Ships and Ocean Structures, the Centre for the Biology of Memory and the Centre for Quantifiable Quality of Service in Communication Systems. The Centre for the Biology of Memory is also one of four Kavli Neuroscience Institutes. In 2012 Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg opened the Norwegian Brain Centre as an outgrowth of NTNU's Kavli Institute  one of the largest research laboratories of its kind in the world.
In 2008 NTNU's digital institutional repository was founded. The intention was to establish a full-text archive for the documentation of the scientific output of the institution, and to make as much as possible of the material available online, both nationally and internationally.
In addition to the research articles and books, intended for academics and researchers both inside and outside the university, NTNU disseminates news to the public about the institution and its research and results.
Universitetsavisa, which translates The University Newspaper, is the news and discussion paper of the university, available only in Norwegian. It was established in 1991. For a period it existed in both printed and digital editions, but since 2002 it is only available online.
NTNU was ranked 35th in Europe and 133rd in the World in January 2014 in the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities,  for its presence on the web. NTNU was ranked 331st in the CWTS Leiden Ranking in 2014.
NTNU specializes in technology and the natural sciences, but also offers a range of bachelor's, master's and doctoral programmes in the humanities, social sciences, economics and public and business administration, and aesthetic disciplines. The university also offers professional degree programmes in medicine, psychology, architecture, the fine arts, music, and teacher education, in addition to technology.
According to the Norwegian Social Science Data Services, NTNU had 84,797 applicants in 2011 and a total student population of 19,054, of whom 9,062 were women. There were 6,193 students enrolled in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, 3,518 students enrolled in the Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, 3,256 students enrolled in the Faculty of Humanities, 3,090 students enrolled in the Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering, 2,014 students enrolled in the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, 1,071 enrolled in the Faculty of Medicine, and 605 enrolled in the Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art.
About 3,500 bachelor and master degrees are awarded each year, and more than 5,500 participate in further education programmes.
NTNU has more than 300 cooperative or exchange agreements with 60 universities worldwide, and several international student exchange programmes. There are, at any given time, around 2,600 foreign students at the university.
NTNU welcomes students from all over the world, and offers more than 30 master’s programmes that are taught in English. PhD programs are open to qualified applicants, and are paid staff positions that give candidates specific workplace rights and benefits under Norwegian law.
NTNU students have a clear presence in the city of Trondheim. The most famous student organization is the Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem, also known as "the red round house" after its architectural form; every other year it organizes a cultural festival UKA. Another festival organized by students is the International Student Festival in Trondheim ISFiT, which awards a student peace prize and draws internationally known speakers. EMECS-thon is a student driven embedded systems marathon competition, organized by students from NTNU and implemented in some of the top universities worldwide, where participants have 48 hours to develop an embedded project from scratch. The student sports organization, NTNUI, has roughly 10 000 members in its many branches, with the largest groups including orienteering, cross-country and telemark skiing, but there are also groups for sports less common in Norway, like American football, lacrosse and aikido. A cabin and cottage organization owns several cabins in the countryside, available for students wishing to spend a few days away. There are also student fraternities, some of which conduct voluntary hazing rituals, which provide contact with potential employers and for social interaction between students. There are also alumni associations; religious and political organizations; clubs devoted to various topics such as innovation, human rights, beer, oatmeal, anime and computers; and The Association for Various Associations, which is a parody of the university's large number of student organizations.
- 1968 Lars Onsager, Chemistry
- 1973 Ivar Giaever, Physics
- 2014 Edvard Moser, Medicine or Physiology
- 2014 May-Britt Moser, Medicine or Physiology
Faculty and staff
Alumni and Honorary doctors
In 2006, NTNU Alumni was founded, primarily as a meeting place and professional network for former students and staff of NTNU and its precursors. The network is now also open to current employees and students. In 2014 the number of members wa around 30,000
NTNU annually awards honorary doctorates to scientists and others who have made an extraordinary contribution to science or culture.
- Gemini (magazine), research news from NTNU and SINTEF
- Centre for Renewable Energy
- Trondheim, city where NTNU is located
Notes and references
- http://www.universitetsavisa.no/campus/article6064.ece%7Cpublisher=Universitetsavisa |Retrieved 2012-05-10
- PDF-version of the Norwegian Act relating to universities and university colleges
- NTNU's overview of the university faculties
- "Research Council of Norway. Norwegian Centres of Excellence". Research Council of Norway. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "CeSOS - Centre for Ships and Ocean Structures". Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "CBM - Centre for Biology of Memory". Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Q2S- Centre for Quantifiable Quality of Service in Communication Systems". Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience". The Kavli Foundation. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- "Norwegian Prime Minister opens brain research centre at NTNU". Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Information on the NTNU publishing policy
- Universitetsavisa's website. Norwegian only
- Gemini : science news from NTNU and SINTEF
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "World University Rankings 2014-2015". Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- "QS World University Rankings (2014/15)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
- Facts and figures from the NTNU website
- NTNU's list of honorary doctors