Norwich City Council
|Norwich City Council|
|Leader||Brenda Arthur, Labour|
|Voting system||First past the post|
|Last election||3 May 2012|
|City Hall, Norwich|
Norwich City Council is the city council for the city of Norwich in Norfolk, England. It consists of 39 councillors, elected to represent 13 wards, each with three councillors. It is currently under Labour control and led by Brenda Arthur. It forms the lower tier of local government in Norwich, responsible for local services such as housing, planning, leisure and tourism.
The council was established in 1974 following the implementation of the Local Government Act 1972, which replaced the county borough of Norwich. Since then the city has been governed by two tiers of local government. The upper tier is Norfolk County Council, which manages strategic services such as schools, social services and libraries across the county of Norfolk. The lower tier is Norwich City Council, which manages local services such as housing, planning, leisure and tourism.
The current composition, as of the 3 May 2012 council elections, is:
In February 2010 the strength of parties on the council was: Labour Party 15, Green Party 13, Liberal Democrats 6 and Conservatives 5. The Labour Party formed a minority administration, holding all seats on the eight-member executive. Following the High Court decision that the order for a unitary council was unlawful, the 13 councillors who should have stood at the May election were told that they were no longer councillors. An election for these 13 seats was held on 9 September 2010. The Conservatives lost one seat to Labour, and the Liberal Democrats lost one seat to the Greens, resulting in a new council composition of 16 Labour, 14 Green, five Liberal Democrat and four Conservative.
Coat of arms
The arms appeared on a 15th-century seal and were confirmed during a heraldic visitation in 1562 by William Harvey, Clarenceux King of Arms. According to Wilfrid Scott-Giles, the royal lion was said to have been granted by Edward III. By the 19th century the city corporation had added supporters to the arms—two angels—which were surmounted by a fur cap. These apparently originated in a carving of about 1534 outside Norwich Guildhall. A. C. Fox-Davies noted that "whether or not these figures were then intended for heraldic supporters is a matter for dispute. At any rate there is no official authority for their use". Following the abolition of the county borough of Norwich in 1974, an Order in Council transferred the ancient coat of arms (the shield alone) to the newly created city council. The city council has also received the grant of an heraldic badge, depicting the seal of 1404 encircled by the Lord Mayor's chain.
- "Councillors". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 72. ISBN 0-11-750847-0.
- "Local election results May 2012". Norwich City Council.
- "Contacting your Councillor: By Political Party". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "Executive members 2009–10". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- Ex-Conservative leader loses seat, BBC News, 10 September 2010
- Briggs, Geoffrey (1971). Civic and Corporate Heraldry: A Dictionary of Impersonal Arms of England, Wales and N. Ireland. London: Heraldry Today. pp. 8, 287. ISBN 0-900455-21-7.
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- Fox-Davies, A C (1915). The Book of Public Arms, 2nd edition. London: T C & E C Jack. p. 564.
- The Local Authorities (Armorial Bearings) Order 1974 (S.I. 1974 No. 869)
- Robert Young. "East Anglia and Essex Area". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 13 February 2010.