Norwich City Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Norwich City Council
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Leader
Brenda Arthur, Labour
Seats 39
Elections
First past the post
Last election
3 May 2012
Next election
2014
Meeting place
Norwich council.jpg
City Hall, Norwich
Website
http://www.norwich.gov.uk

Norwich City Council is the city council for the city of Norwich in Norfolk, England. It consists of 39 councillors, elected to represent 13 wards, each with three councillors. It is currently under Labour control and led by Brenda Arthur, who is also on the board of the Norwich Business Improvement District.[1] It forms the lower tier of local government in Norwich, responsible for local services such as housing, planning, leisure and tourism.

History[edit]

The council was established in 1974 following the implementation of the Local Government Act 1972, which replaced the county borough of Norwich. Since then the city has been governed by two tiers of local government. The upper tier is Norfolk County Council, which manages strategic services such as schools, social services and libraries across the county of Norfolk. The lower tier is Norwich City Council, which manages local services such as housing, planning, leisure and tourism.[2]

Composition[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Norwich local elections.

The current composition, as of the May 2014 city council elections, is:

Party[3] Seats
Labour 21
Green 15
Liberal Democrat 3

In February 2010 the strength of parties on the council was: Labour Party 15, Green Party 13, Liberal Democrats 6 and Conservatives 5.[4] The Labour Party formed a minority administration, holding all seats on the eight-member executive.[5] Following the High Court decision that the order for a unitary council was unlawful, the 13 councillors who should have stood at the May election were told that they were no longer councillors. An election for these 13 seats was held on 9 September 2010. The Conservatives lost one seat to Labour, and the Liberal Democrats lost one seat to the Greens, resulting in a new council composition of 16 Labour, 14 Green, five Liberal Democrat and four Conservative.[6] In the May 2014 council elections 14 seats were contested. There was no change in seats compared to the previous council composition, with Labour holding control of the council.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The city arms with unofficial angel supporters from a 1903 cigarette card

The city council's arms consist of a red shield featuring a silver domed castle above a royal lion.[7][8][9] The blazon of the arms is:

Gules, a castle triple-towered and domed Argent; in base a lion passant guardant Or.[7][9]

The arms appeared on a 15th-century seal and were confirmed during a heraldic visitation in 1562 by William Harvey, Clarenceux King of Arms. According to Wilfrid Scott-Giles, the royal lion was said to have been granted by Edward III.[8] By the 19th century the city corporation had added supporters to the arms—two angels—which were surmounted by a fur cap. These apparently originated in a carving of about 1534 outside Norwich Guildhall. A. C. Fox-Davies noted that "whether or not these figures were then intended for heraldic supporters is a matter for dispute. At any rate there is no official authority for their use".[9] Following the abolition of the county borough of Norwich in 1974, an Order in Council transferred the ancient coat of arms (the shield alone) to the newly created city council.[10] The city council has also received the grant of an heraldic badge, depicting the seal of 1404 encircled by the Lord Mayor's chain.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Councillors". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 72. ISBN 0-11-750847-0. 
  3. ^ a b "Local election results May 2014". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Contacting your Councillor: By Political Party". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "Executive members 2009–10". Norwich City Council. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  6. ^ Ex-Conservative leader loses seat, BBC News, 10 September 2010
  7. ^ a b Briggs, Geoffrey (1971). Civic and Corporate Heraldry: A Dictionary of Impersonal Arms of England, Wales and N. Ireland. London: Heraldry Today. pp. 8, 287. ISBN 0-900455-21-7. 
  8. ^ a b Scott-Giles, C Wilfrid (1953). Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition. London: J M Dent & Sons. p. 290. 
  9. ^ a b c Fox-Davies, A C (1915). The Book of Public Arms, 2nd edition. London: T C & E C Jack. p. 564. 
  10. ^ The Local Authorities (Armorial Bearings) Order 1974 (S.I. 1974 No. 869)
  11. ^ Robert Young. "East Anglia and Essex Area". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 

External links[edit]