Norwich South (UK Parliament constituency)

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Norwich South
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Norwich South in Norfolk.
Outline map
Location of Norfolk within England.
County Norfolk
Electorate 73,569 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Simon Wright (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members One
Created from Norwich
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Norwich South is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Simon Wright, a Liberal Democrat.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is one of two covering the city of Norwich. Prior to the 2010 election, it included the Norwich City wards of Bowthorpe, Crome (part) Eaton, Lakenham, Nelson, Mancroft, Thorpe Hamlet (part), Town Close, University and Wensum. In addition the South Norfolk district wards of New Costessey and Cringleford (part) were within the constituency.

2010 Changes

Following their review of parliamentary constituencies in Norfolk that concluded in 2004, the Boundary Commission for England created a slightly modified Norwich South constituency. The changes took effect at the 2010 general election.

Changes were necessary in order to re-align the constituency boundaries with the new local government ward boundaries introduced in South Norfolk and Norwich in 2003 and 2004 respectively. Norfolk also received an additional, ninth constituency, by the Boundary Commission. The part of the Crome ward around Morse Road became part of Norwich North, while the area around Mousehold Street in Thorpe Hamlet moved into Norwich South. The villages of Cringleford and Colney were lost to South Norfolk constituency.

The composition of the new Norwich South is:

  • Bowthorpe, Eaton, Lakenham, Nelson, Mancroft, Thorpe Hamlet, Town Close, University and Wensum Norwich

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1950 general election, when the 2-seat Norwich constituency was divided into Norwich North and Norwich South. The Labour MP for this seat from 1997 to 2010 was Charles Clarke who served in cabinet for five years from 2001 to 2006, first as Minister without Portfolio, then as Secretary of State for Education and Skills and latterly as Home Secretary.

Norwich South was by far Labour's safest seat in Norfolk throughout the Thatcher years and up until 2005. Although it was lost to the Conservatives in 1983, it was regained by Labour in 1987 and was the only Labour seat in Norfolk until 1997. In 2005 the Labour majority was cut by over 5000 leaving Norwich North as the safest Labour seat in the county.

The seat was considered a true three way marginal in the 2010 election between the incumbent Labour party the Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives. The seat was also targeted by the Green Party. The seat was won with the lowest percentage share of the vote in a constituency in the 2010 election. The loss was considered to be an embarrassment for the Labour Party as it was the seat of a former Home Secretary.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1950 Henry Strauss Conservative
1955 Geoffrey Rippon Conservative
1964 Christopher Norwood Labour
1970 Thomas Stuttaford Conservative
Feb 1974 John Garrett Labour
1983 John Powley Conservative
1987 John Garrett Labour
1997 Charles Clarke Labour
2010 Simon Wright Liberal Democrats

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Norwich South[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Simon Wright 13,960 29.4 −0.6
Labour Charles Clarke 13,650 28.7 −8.7
Conservative Antony D. Little 10,902 22.9 +1.1
Green Adrian Ramsay 7,095 14.9 +7.5
UKIP Stephen Emmens 1,145 2.4 +0.9
BNP Len Heather 697 1.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Gabriel Polley 102 0.2 0.0
Majority 310 0.7
Turnout 47,551 64.6 +5.6
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing 4.0

*NB changes in vote share from 2005 are notional due to boundary changes.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Clarke 15,904 37.7 −7.8
Liberal Democrat Andrew P. Aalders-Dunthorne 12,251 29.0 +6.4
Conservative Antony D. Little 9,567 22.7 −2.1
Green Adrian Ramsay 3,101 7.4 +4.0
UKIP Miss Vandra S. Ahlstrom 597 1.4 +0.3
English Democrats Mrs. Christine Constable 466 1.1 N/A
Legalise Cannabis Don E. Barnard 219 0.5 −1.0
Workers Revolutionary Roger A. Blackwell 85 0.2 N/A
Majority 3,653 8.7
Turnout 42,190 65.0 +5.2
Labour hold Swing −7.1
General Election 2001: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Clarke 19,367 45.5 −6.2
Conservative Andrew J. French 10,551 24.8 +1.1
Liberal Democrat Andrew P. Aalders-Dunthorne 9,640 22.6 +4.0
Green Adrian St. J. Holmes 1,434 3.4 +1.9
Legalise Cannabis Alun Buffrey 620 1.5 0.0
Socialist Alliance Dave Manningham 507 1.2 N/A
UKIP Tarquin A.G. Mills 473 1.1 N/A
Majority 8,816 20.7
Turnout 42,592 59.8 −12.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Norwich South[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charles Clarke 26,267 51.7 +3.0
Conservative Bashir Khanbhai 12,028 23.7 −12.9
Liberal Democrat Andrew P. Aalders-Dunthorne 9,457 18.6 +5.7
Referendum Party David K. Holdsworth 1,464 2.9 N/A
Legalise Cannabis Howard Marks 765 1.5 N/A
Green Adrian St. J. Holmes 736 1.4 −0.2
Natural Law Bryan A. Parsons 84 0.2 0.0
Majority 14,239 28.0
Turnout 50,801 72.6 −8.0
Labour hold Swing +8.0
General Election 1992: Norwich South[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Garrett 24,965 48.7 +10.8
Conservative David S. Baxter 18,784 36.6 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Christopher Thomas 6,609 12.9 −12.0
Green Adrian St. J. Holmes 803 1.6 N/A
Natural Law Bryan A. Parsons 104 0.2 N/A
Majority 6,181 12.1 +11.4
Turnout 51,265 80.6 +0.0
Labour hold Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Garrett 19,666 37.9 +2.6
Conservative John Powley 19,330 37.3 −1.5
Social Democrat C.J.M. Hardie 12,896 24.9 +0.4
Majority 336 0.7
Turnout 51,892 80.6 +4.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.1
General Election 1983: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Powley 18,998 38.8 −2.8
Labour John Garrett 17,286 35.3 −9.6
Social Democrat Jeremy Hardie 11,968 24.5 N/A
Ecology Antony D. Carter 468 1.0 N/A
National Front Peter C. Williams 145 0.3 −0.4
Independent Jon C. Ward 91 0.2 N/A
Majority 1,712 3.5
Turnout 48,956 76.4 −3.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Garrett 16,240 44.9 −2.2
Conservative I. Coutts 15,042 41.6 +4.1
Liberal P. Mackintosh 4,618 12.8 −2.6
National Front Andrew Fountaine 264 0.7 N/A
Majority 1,198 3.3
Turnout 36,164 80.2 +1.7
Labour hold Swing −3.2
General Election October 1974: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Garrett 16,590 47.1 +5.8
Conservative M. Tomison 13,185 37.5 −2.0
Liberal P.G. Smith 5,429 15.4 −3.9
Majority 3,405 9.7
Turnout 35,204 78.5 −5.5
Labour hold Swing +3.9
General Election February 1974: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Garrett 15,393 41.3 −3.4
Conservative Thomas Stuttaford 14,741 39.5 −7.5
Liberal L. Parker 7,183 19.3 +11.0
Majority 652 1.8
Turnout 37,317 84.0 +5.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.1
General Election 1970: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Stuttaford 17,067 47.0 +1.8
Labour C.F. Ascher 16,241 44.7 −10.1
Liberal L. Parker 3,031 8.3 N/A
Majority 826 2.3
Turnout 36,339 78.2 −5.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Christopher Norwood 19,163 54.8 +3.9
Conservative A.R. Gurney 15,808 45.2 −3.9
Majority 3,355 9.6
Turnout 34,971 83.2 +3.9
Labour hold Swing +3.9
General Election 1964: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Christopher Norwood 17,973 50.9 +4.0
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 17,362 49.1 −4.0
Majority 611 1.7
Turnout 35,335 82.7 +3.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +4.0

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 19,128 53.1 +0.6
Labour George Wallace 16,884 46.9 −0.6
Majority 2,244 6.2
Turnout 36,012 82.2 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General Election 1955: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 18,659 52.5 +0.0
Labour M.P. Tylecote 16,901 47.5 +0.0
Majority 1,758 4.9
Turnout 35,560 78.3 −6.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.0
General Election 1951: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Strauss 19,082 52.5 −0.8
Labour M.P. Tylecote 17,234 47.5 +0.8
Majority 1,848 5.1
Turnout 36,316 84.3 −0.7
Conservative hold Swing −0.8
General Election 1950: Norwich South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Strauss 18,693 53.3 N/A
Labour M.P. Tylecote 16,368 46.7 N/A
Majority 2,325 6.6 N/A
Turnout 35,061 85.0 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Norwich South, UKPollingReport.
  4. ^ Norwich South: Constituency, guardian.co.uk
  5. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Coordinates: 52°37′N 1°16′E / 52.62°N 1.27°E / 52.62; 1.27