Norwood Junction railway station

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Norwood Junction
London Overground National Rail
Norwood Junction stn building.JPG
Norwood Junction is located in Greater London
Norwood Junction
Norwood Junction
Location of Norwood Junction in Greater London
Location South Norwood
Local authority London Borough of Croydon
Managed by London Overground
Owner Network Rail
Station code NWD
DfT category C2
Number of platforms 5
Accessible Yes (Northbound only)[1]
Fare zone 4
National Rail annual entry and exit
2004–05 Increase 1.792 million[2]
2005–06 Increase 1.829 million[2]
2006–07 Increase 2.946 million[2]
2007–08 Increase 3.040 million[2]
2008–09 Decrease 2.846 million[2]
2009–10 Decrease 2.716 million[2]
2010–11 Increase 2.988 million[2]
2011–12 Increase 3.385 million[2]
2012–13 Increase 3.545 million[2]
— interchange 1.171 million[2]
Key dates
5 June 1839 Opened as Jolly Sailor
October 1846 Renamed Norwood
1 June 1859 Resited
1 October 1910 Renamed Norwood Junction and South Norwood for Woodside
13 June 1955 Renamed Norwood Junction[3]
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°23′50″N 0°04′30″W / 51.3972°N 0.075°W / 51.3972; -0.075

Norwood Junction railway station is in South Norwood in the London Borough of Croydon in south London, in Travelcard Zone 4.

The station is managed by London Overground and trains are operated by London Overground (since 23 May 2010) and Southern.

History[edit]

The station has occupied two sites under three different names.

Jolly-sailor and Norwood stations[edit]

Jolly-sailor station in 1845, showing the atmospheric railway pumping station, with its Gothic chimney vent, in the foreground.[4]

In 1839 the London and Croydon Railway opened Jolly-sailor station — "Jolly-sailor near Beulah Spa" on fares lists and timetables — at the north end of the High Street, adjacent to the Portland Road level crossing. From 1841 the lines through Norwood were used by the London and Brighton Railway and from 1842 the South Eastern Railway, but neither of these companies used the station.

In 1844 the L&CR was given parliamentary authority to test an experimental atmospheric railway system on the railway. A pumping station was built on Portland Road to create a vacuum in a continuous pipe located centrally between the rails. A piston extended downwards from the trains into a slit in the pipe, with trains blown towards the pumping station by atmospheric pressure. The pumping station was in a Gothic style, with a very tall ornate tower that served both as a chimney and as an exhaust vent for air pumped from the propulsion tube.

As part of the works for the atmospheric system, the world's first railway flyover was constructed beyond the south end of the station to carry the atmospheric line over the conventional London & Brighton Railway steam line. At the same time the level crossing at Portland Road was replaced by a low bridge across the road.[5]

In July 1846 the L&CR merged with the L&BR to form the London Brighton and South Coast Railway, and the station was renamed Norwood in the same year - it became Norwood Junction by 1856. The LB&SCR abandoned atmospheric propulsion in 1847 but the flyover remained in use as part of what is sometimes known as Windmill Bridge Junction.

Norwood Junction station[edit]

Following construction of lines to Crystal Palace the station closed on 1 June 1859 and was replaced by the current station on the south side of the A215 road. The original station building was used as a private house until the 1960s, when it was demolished.

Norwood Junction rail accident[edit]

The Norwood Junction railway crash occurred on 1 May 1891, when the cast-iron bridge over Portland Road fractured under an express train from Brighton to London.

Connection to Sherlock Holmes[edit]

It is from this station that the villain Jonas Oldacre takes his train to London Bridge in the Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Norwood Builder.[6]

Facilities[edit]

There are seven platforms but only five are in use. Ticket barriers control access to all platforms.

Platforms 1 & 2[edit]

Platform 1 is the first platform when entering via the main entrance and is the only platform accessible without having to negotiate the subway via stairs. Its main use is for trains northwards to Highbury & Islington, London Bridge and London Victoria; most stop at all stations. They mainly come from West Croydon, Caterham and Sutton.

Platform 2 serves the same track as Platform 1 but passengers are not able to join or alight as the doors open only on the Platform 1 side.

Platform 3[edit]

Platform 3 is for faster services to London Bridge. It is the only northwards platform served by Southern trains from Tonbridge. Most services come from Horsham, Tattenham Corner and Reigate, with the occasional service from Brighton and Uckfield. When the Thameslink Programme is complete, First Capital Connect trains to Bedford will use this platform.[citation needed]

Platforms 4, 5 & 6[edit]

Platforms 4 & 5

Platforms 4, 5 and 6 are for southbound trains, to West Croydon or East Croydon. Platform 4 is for fast trains from London Bridge to Uckfield, East Grinstead, Gatwick Airport, Tonbridge, Tattenham Corner and Horsham; Platform 5 for suburban stopping services, mainly high-frequency trains from Highbury & Islington to West Croydon and from London Bridge to Caterham; Platform 6 is usually used only when platform alterations are required. Trains to Coulsdon Town from London Victoria via Crystal Palace usually use Platform 5 but sometimes use Platform 6.

Platform 7[edit]

Platform 7 is disused and the line is covered by vegetation. However, with the planned two-year blockade of Thameslink trains through Central London while London Bridge station is under reconstruction Network Rail is reinstating and electrifying this line though whether as a 'dead-end or as the present loop is not known. This will see some additional services via Crystal Palace which would otherwise need to go on to Beckenham Junction terminate here. This will obviate unnecessary occupation of the 1 3/4 miles of single bi-directional line east of Birkbeck Junction and also save a carriage set. To achieve the change the lead to the down spur at Bromley Junction is being removed to the up line and a facing crossover put into place west of it. To provide the necessary pathing northbound the trains would use the same spur line, which will become reversible to the resited point on the up line at Bromley Junction. Safety problems for the user-operated level crossing into the track maintenance depot on the former steam shed site have apparently been resolved. These arose from the restricted sighting line of up trains under Goat House bridge towards the station.

Typical service[edit]

Typical off-peak service is as follows, in trains per hour:

Up (northbound)[edit]

Down (southbound)[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Anerley   Southern
Brighton Main Line
  East Croydon
Crystal Palace   Southern
London Victoria to Sutton via Crystal Palace
  West Croydon
London Bridge or New Cross Gate   Southern
London Bridge to Tonbridge / Horsham
(via Redhill and East Croydon)
  East Croydon
Preceding station   Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground   Following station
Anerley
towards Dalston Junction
  East London Line   West Croydon
Terminus

Future[edit]

Thameslink Programme[edit]

Main article: Thameslink Programme

The Thameslink Programme (formerly known as Thameslink 2000), is a £3.5 billion major project to expand the Thameslink network from 51 to 172 stations[7] extending northwards to Bedford, Peterborough, Cambridge and King's Lynn and southwards to Guildford, Eastbourne, Horsham, Hove to Littlehampton, East Grinstead, Ashford and Dartford. The project includes the lengthening of platforms, station remodelling, new railway infrastructure (e.g. viaducts) and additional rolling stock. When implemented, First Capital Connect services will call at Norwood Junctionn.

Marshalling yard[edit]

The LB&SCR constructed a large marshalling yard to the south of the station during the 1870s, extended in the early 1880s. At their height the yards on both sides of the line each had over 30 sidings. Because of the narrow nature of the site they were laid in clusters of six to eight, one beyond another, with the lead to each forming an individual headshunt.[8] With dwindling freight traffic the yard fell into disuse by the 1980s and the tracks were relaid to accommodate an enlarged Selhurst Depot.

Motive Power Depot/Norwood Cable Depot[edit]

Norwood Junction Locomotive Depot on 12 March 1960.

The Southern Railway opened a five-road motive power depot with a 65 ft (19.8 metre) turntable in 1935, to serve the marshalling yard. It replaced a shed at West Croydon. This depot was closed in 1964 and demolished in 1966.[9]

Following the demolition of the locomotive depot British Rail then redeveloped the site into a traction cable depot for maintaining the railway.

Transport connections[edit]

Norwood Junction is well served by bus routes, with three bus stops including two bus stands close by. On the Portland Road side are two stops for routes 197 (Croydon-Peckham) and 312 (South Croydon–Norwood Junction). The High Street 'Clocktower' stop serves routes 75 (Croydon–Lewisham), 157 (Morden–Crystal Palace) and 410 (Wallington–Crystal Palace). The Grosvenor Road stop serves routes 130 (New Addington–Norwood Junction) and 196 (Norwood Junction–Elephant and Castle).

Route 75 was formerly a 24-hour route but that facility was withdrawn in favour of a higher frequency of buses on a Sunday[citation needed] by Selkent when it took the service over from Stagecoach London. Metrobus won the contract from April 2009 and works the route from its Croydon garage. Nowadays, the route is operated by Stagecoach London (Used to be Selkent). The stop on Night Bus route N68[10] is half a mile away on White Horse Lane. Other service operators are Arriva London, Abellio and Metrobus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 175.
  4. ^ "Jolly-sailor Station". The Pictorial Times. 1845. 
  5. ^ Connor, J.E. (2006). London's Disused Stations: The London Brighton & South Coast Railway. Colchester: Connor & Butler. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-947699-39-0. 
  6. ^ Duncan, Alistair (2009). Close to Holmes: A Look at the Connections Between Historical London, Sherlock Holmes and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. London: MX Publishing. ISBN 1-904312-50-0.
  7. ^ "Good news for South London as £3.5BN Thameslink project clears major hurdle" (Press release). 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2007-04-12. 
  8. ^ Turner, John Howard (1979). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3 Completion and Maturity. Batsford. p. 76. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1. 
  9. ^ Hawkins, Chris and Reeves, George. (1979). An historical survey of Southern sheds. Oxford Publishing Co. p. 60. ISBN 0-86093-020-3. 
  10. ^ "Bus Route N68". Transport for London. Retrieved 2007-04-12. 

External links[edit]