Nose piercing

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This article is about nose piercings of humans. For nose piercings of other animals, see Nose ring (animal).
Nose piercing
Celestine Septum Piercing.jpg
Nicknames Nose ring
Location Nose (nostril, nasal septum, nose bridge)
Jewelry nose stud, nose bone, Circular barbell, curved barbell, captive bead ring
Healing 12 weeks to 6 months

Nose piercing is the piercing of the skin or cartilage which forms any part of the nose, normally for the purpose of wearing jewelry; among the different varieties of nose piercings, the nostril piercing is the most common. Nose piercing is the second most common varieties of piercing after earlobe piercing.

Nostril piercing[edit]

Early 20th century Indian nose ring

Nostril piercing is a body piercing practice often associated with India, Nepal and throughout South Asia. Nostril piercing is also part of traditional Australian Aboriginal culture (Stirn 2003). Nostril piercing has in recent decades become popular in the industrialized nations, as have other forms of body piercing, after punks and subsequent youth cultures in the '80s and '90s adopted this sort of piercing. Today, nostril piercing is popular in the United States of America, the UK, Canada, the Caribbean, Australia, and Europe, with piercings being performed on either the left or right nostril.

Both men and women have nostril piercings, though they are much more common on women. Several different types of nostril rings are found. Among the most popular are the loop, the stud with an L-bar closure, the stud with a ball closure, and the stud with a flat backing.

In India the outside of the left part of the body [?] is the preferred position of the piercing. This practice supposedly makes childbirth easier. This is followed also because Ayurvedic medicine associates this location with the female reproductive organs.[1] In India piercings were regarded as a mark of beauty and social standing as well as a Hindu's honor to Parvati, the goddess of marriage. Nose piercing is still popular in India. The piercings are often an intregal part of Indian wedding jewelry. In Maharastra women wear very large nose pieces that often cover the mouth or the side of the face.

Pashtun and Pahari women commonly have both nostrils pierced. Many South Indian Tamil also follow this old tradition. The tradition also embraces the idea that the woman has her nose rings to pay for her funeral if she has all the gold taken from her. Nose rings or gold studs cannot be easily removed from the woman. Many women from the Asian subcontinent are cremated with just their nose studs as jewelry is removed before the funeral. Indian widows usually remove their nose studs as a sign of respect.

Nose piercing in society[edit]

Western woman with septum piercing (in Copenhagen)

Although occasionally seen earlier — the French actress Polaire arrived for her 1913 tour of America wearing a seed-pearl ring in her left nostril[2] Only in the last two decades has nose piercing gained a mainstream popularity in Western culture. Presently, it is the second most-popular body piercing desired by teens and young adults.

A 2007 study[citation needed] by career publisher Vault.com surveyed nearly 500 employees from across the United States and 87 percent believed having piercings or tattoos would not reduce their chance of being hired. Respondents explained:

"Regardless of who the real person may be, the stereotypes associated with piercings and tattoos are changing. In general, individuals with tattoos and body piercings are not being looked down upon as did in previous generations" [cite]

I see more and more people with piercings in business and everyday work settings. It's just a different generation," Says another employer.[citation needed|date=October 2011]

Another study was held by a group of 20 sociology majors at Columbia University in 2001.[citation needed] They surveyed 100 job seekers looking for a job in New York, 50 with nostril/cartilage piercings and 50 with eyebrow/tongue piercings. Some observers have said that the 50 with nostril and cartilage piercings received jobs, but those with eyebrow and tongue piercings could not. "Many people are used to the nose piercings[;] it is seen as a cultural icon in the Indian and African communities," says student Jaleel Sanchez. "Many people with facial piercings are seen as 'rougher' or 'less educated' and these stereotypes are hurting many people looking for work," said professor F. Holloway.[citation needed]

Nose piercings are considered more acceptable than piercings of the eyebrow or tongue. Eyebrow piercings were created during the 1980s during what most teens considered the punk-rock era and are since associated with emotional behavior and heavy metal music. When nose rings are more seen with Indians, and more professional people such as doctors, teachers, lawyers, and many political figures, the practice may be more widely acceptable. "I personally do not judge my students or colleagues depending on their facial piercings. I would say 25 percent of the faculty here have nose or cartilage piercings. But ... probably more [are found] at NYU or other liberal arts universities," says Holloway.[citation needed]

Nose Piercings in the workplace[edit]

Nose piercings have become more acceptable than piercings of the eyebrow or tongue. Eyebrow piercings were created during the 1980s during what most teens considered the punk-rock era and are since associated with emotional behavior and heavy metal music. When nose rings are more seen with Indians, and more professional people such as doctors, teachers, lawyers, and many political figures. "I personally do not judge my students or colleagues depending on their facial piercings. I would say 25 percent of the faculty here have nose or cartilage piercings. But ... probably more [are found] at NYU or other liberal arts universities," says Holloway.[citation needed]

With today's society becoming more liberal piercings have become more common and acceptable in the work place. In a study distributed to employers 60 percent said they would hire an employee with some kind of piercing. However, companies still see piercings as something that could tarnish their company's reputation. Walmart is a company that does not allow piercings on faces, but it allows its employees to show tattoos as long as the tattoos are not offensive. Some companies allow and even encourage piercings. Border's encourages its workers to wear their piercings to show their own sense of style and individuality. Ford Motor Company allows everyone in their company to sport a piercing, but it does not allow factory workers to wear piercings due to the workers safety around machines.

Companies have the right, however, to tell a future employee to remove a piercing. The action of telling a hired employee to take a piercing out is not illegal or considered discrimination. [cite] When an employer asks an employee to take out a piercing or to cover it, the request is to protect its business or because it sees the piercing as unfit in its work environment. Employees with piercings can easily cover the piercing either with a clear or flesh covered piercing retainer or with a bandage. In a survey 70 percent of hired employees cover their piercings at the work place on their own accord. [cite] Different career fields view piercings differently. In the more artsy fields—music, culinary, and communication—a more accepting practice is found, while in fields such as business and education more traditional views are found concerning piercings.

More and more companies in the workplace have become more lenient on such issues as piercings and the dress code. The government has started to become more accepting of the rising trend of tattoos and piercings.[3] On the December 2006 cover of Government Executive magazine the front cover was of a young woman dressed nicely but adorned with a nose piercing and ear piercings. Interviews were taken about this picture, and many people said that they didn't notice the nose ring because she looked so professional and proper. However, this magazine cover also received bad press. A retired government employee wrote a letter expressing how the picture was inappropriate and unprofessional because of the nose ring. The writer of the article rebutted by saying the picture was an accurate representation of how government employees will soon look when the younger generation takes when the older generation elders retire. [cite]

The members of some callings are more likely to accept piercings and tattoos. Such work includes, e.g., technology, advertising, marketing, and sales. [cite] Also, the some workers have decided to continue being conservative in their dress code. This view seems to be prevalent with, e.g., lawyers, bankers, clergy, and accountants. [cite] The acceptance of more visible body modifications is attributable to its becoming a social norm. If companies did not hire employees with a tattoo or nose piercing, the number of future workers that the companies could hire would be limited.[4]

Septum piercing[edit]

Large-gauge septum piercing
Fulani woman with traditional nose ring and mouth tattoo

Nasal septum piercings are currently less common than nostril piercings. The nasal septum is the cartilaginous dividing wall between the nostrils. Generally, the cartilage itself is not pierced, but rather the small gap between the cartilage and the bottom of the nose (sometimes called the "sweet spot"), typically at 14ga (1.6mm) although it is often stretched to a larger gauge (size). The nose has many nerves running through it, and as a result, nose piercings can be painful, although the pain varies by individual. This piercing heals within a month and a half to three months also depending on the individual. It should only be stretched by 1mm at a time, and waiting at least a month between stretches is advisable. [cite] If a certain point is exceeded, usually about 8mm, the cartilage gets forced towards the top of the nose, which can be uncomfortable.

Many types of jewelry generally are worn in a septum piercing, such as: Captive bead rings (CBRs), rings that close with a bead held in the center by the tension of the ring, circular barbells (as shown in the picture), a circular bar with a bead that screws onto either end, a "tusk" that is a straight or shaped piece of material generally tapered on either end, or pinchers. For large gauge septums, many individuals choose to wear plugs, as the plugs do not weigh their noses down, which is helpful in healing. This measure allows the piercing not to be damaged by the sudden movement of the jewelry.

Another option is a septum retainer, which is staple-shaped. This type of nose piercing is particularly easy to hide when desired, for example to comply with a dress code. A septum retainer makes possible turning the jewelry up into the nose, thus concealing it. With black jewelry flipped up into the nostrils, this piercing can be made practically invisible. A circular barbell can also be hidden by pushing it to the back into the nose, but it may be uncomfortable.

Septum piercing was a popular trend among South Indian dancers (Kuchipudi, Bharatnatyam) and among certain Native American peoples in history; the Shawnee leaders Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa, for example, had such piercings. [cite]

The septum piercing is popular in rural areas of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In India such piercing is called the 'Nathori' and popular with the Banjara ethnic groups and Adivasi tribes. Lord Krishna and his consort Radharani are often depicted wearing the 'Nathori' style jewel nose pieces.[5]

Bengali women traditionally would wear the nathori as a sign of being a married woman. The nathori would be gold with a tear drop that would move along the ring. Many lower-class women in rural Bengal still keep this tradition. This practice is now declining as many women prefer the nose studs.

In southern Nepal the septum piercing is still common. Many older women still adorn their noses with both the septum and left nostril rings. Many women have gold nose piercings to show their social, tribal, and religious status in society.

Risks of Septum Piercings[edit]

The septum or nasal septum is the cartilaginous wall that divides the two nostrils. The cartilage is, however, usually not pierced. It is the thin strip of very soft and flexible skin, just between the cartilage and the bottom of the nose, where septum piercing is mostly done. Piercing the skin instead of the cartilage can greatly minimize the pain, as well as other discomforts associated with this type of body piercing. This piercing should be done only with a needle. As far as jewelry is concerned, captive bead rings, circular barbells, plugs, tusks, curls, and septum retainer can be used.

All types of body piercings, including septum piercing, are associated with the risk of contracting certain blood borne diseases, like hepatitis, from the needles and piercing guns used in the procedure. This risk can be avoided by getting the piercing done by a reputed piercer and making sure that the piercer uses only sterile single-use needles. The next common risk associated with almost all types of piercing is the risk of infection and pain. These issues can be minimized greatly if piercing is done on the soft and flexible skin that lies between the cartilage and bottom of the nose. As far as infection risks are concerned, they can be managed with proper piercing aftercare.

This piercing can sometimes lead to 'septal hematoma' -- an injury to the soft tissue within the septum that can disrupt the blood vessels to cause the accumulation of blood and fluid under the lining. Nasal septum hematoma can eventually cause nasal congestion and interfere with breathing along with causing pain and inflammation. If not treated immediately, the condition can ultimately cause formation of a hole in the septum, leading to nasal congestion. Sometimes, that part of the nose may collapse, resulting in a cosmetic deformity, known as 'saddle nose'. [cite]

Bridge piercing[edit]

Bridge piercing
Main article: Bridge piercing

Contrary to popular belief, Bridge piercings are inserted through the small flap of skin at the top of the nose, between the eyes, not through the bone. Curved barbells and straight barbells are the most commonly used in this piercing, while seamless rings are less common. However, bridge piercings generally have a high rate of rejection and thus are less common than any other nose piercing.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, Desmond (2004). "The Nose". The Naked Woman. p. 69. ISBN 9780099453581. 
  2. ^ New York Times, September 21, 1913
  3. ^ Joyce, Amy. "Fashion Leads by a Nose." The Washington Post. (2013) Website.
  4. ^ Dobosh, Sara. "Piercing the Workplace Stereotype." Fox Business. (2010) Website.
  5. ^ "Septum Piercing Dangers". Retrieved 17 November 2012. 

Stirn, A. (2003). Body Piercing: Medical Consequences and Psychological Motivations. The Lancet 361: 1205–1215.

External links[edit]