Nossa Senhora do Rosário

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Coordinates: 37°45′0″N 25°34′35″W / 37.75000°N 25.57639°W / 37.75000; -25.57639
Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Civil Parish
Lagoa - swimming pool 01.jpg
Municipal swimming pools, showing the Porto dos Carneiros and urbanized core of the civil parish of Nossa Senhora dos Rosário
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia da Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Name origin: Portuguese for Our Lady of the Rosary
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island São Miguel
Municipality Lagoa
Localities Atalhada, Bairro das Socas, Nossa Senhora do Rosário, Porto dos Carneiros, Vila Mar
Center Nossa Senhora
 - elevation 49 m (161 ft)
 - coordinates 37°45′0″N 25°34′35″W / 37.75000°N 25.57639°W / 37.75000; -25.57639
Highest point Portas Vermelhas
 - elevation 193.5 m (635 ft)
 - coordinates 37°46′6″N 25°35′5″W / 37.76833°N 25.58472°W / 37.76833; -25.58472
Lowest point
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 6.52 km2 (3 sq mi)
 - urban 1.37 km2 (1 sq mi)
Population 5,396 (2011)
Density 828 / km2 (2,145 / sq mi)
Settlement c. 1444
 - Parish 22 April 1522
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua Dr. José Pereira Botelho 45
 - elevation 25 m (82 ft)
 - coordinates 37°44′43″N 25°34′27″W / 37.74528°N 25.57417°W / 37.74528; -25.57417
President Junta Durval Carlos S. Faria
President Assembleia Maria da Encarnação Matos Cabral Almeida Duarte
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9560-097
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Wikimedia Commons: Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Lagoa)
Website: http://www.juntarosario.org/

Nossa Senhora do Rosário is a civil parish in the municipality of Lagoa, and represents the largest populated area of this Portuguese concelho. The population in 2011 was 5,396,[1] in an area of 6.52 km².[2]

History[edit]

Front facade of the parochial church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário, Lagoa

Rosário was originally pertained to the neighboring parish of Santa Cruz, but quickly its population and socio-political importance grew, requiring an administrative solution. Local historians suggest that may have been one of the first villas to be settled on the island of São Miguel, although there is little record to support this assertion. The settlement was elevated to the status of vila on April 22, 1522, under the religious parish of Santa Cruz; half a decade later, the continued growth of the settlement necessitated the establishment of a secondary faith community concentrated on the parochial church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário, thus justifying its creation on April 5, 1595.

In his public work Memorial da Lagoa e do seu Concelho ("Memory of Lagoa and its Municipality"), Carreiro da Costa wrote: "There is a decree that is known by the studious, and it is a valuable document about the beginning of settlement in our islands. It is a decree during the age of minority of that monarch (Afonso V), dated 2 od July 1439, where the Infante D. Henrique is authorized to send to the first seven islands of the Azores, at the time discovered, the first families, when years before there were scattered some head of cattle." It was this note, that the coastal areas of São Miguel that justified the assertion that the area in which the present villa is located pertained to the first settlers in the Azores. These first settlers encountered prodigious herds of sheep and goats, and in particular rams when they arrived in the bay of Lagoa. Consequently, the cove was named Porto dos Carneiros ("carneiros" meaning "rams" in Portuguese).

In the middle of the 15th Century, there existed in this settlement four religious temples, one of which was Nossa Senhora do Rosário. This church was expanded progressively, as the community grew, and between 1583-1586, it began to serve as the villas central church, while the Church of Santa Cruz was being remodeled. Nossa Senhora do Rosário was constructed over an older chapel of the same name that had existed since the 16th Century. The 17th Century church, in larger dimensions, has three naves and notable group of sculptures by the artist Machado de Castro.

The municipal council of Lagoa promoted a ceremony to honour the diverse personalities from the parish to mark the 417 anniversary of the elevation of the community to civil parish status.[3]

Economy[edit]

Rosário is an industrial center in the region, the location of several large and artisanal businesses that produce oils, animal feed, soap, services that include carpentry, metallurgy, saw mills, as well as the sale of alcohol, ceramics, paints. Further, the agricultural production of milk and milk products (specifically cheese and butter), commercial fishery and hotel service sectors are also important in the area.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Eurostat
  3. ^ Medeiros, João Alberto (5 April 2010). "Aniversário da elevação do Rosário a freguesia" (in Portuguese). Ponta Delgada: AO Online. p. 1. Retrieved 04-05-2010.