(Colenso) Cockayne in Bull. N. Zeal. State For. Serv, No. 4, Pt. 1. 21, 1926
Nothofagus truncata or Hard Beech (Māori: tawhai raunui) is a species of tree endemic to New Zealand. Its common name derives from the fact that its wood has a high silica content, making it hard and difficult to saw. Hard Beech is a tree up to 30m tall occurring in lowland and lower montane forest from lat. 35°S to 42°30'S, that is, from the north of the North Island to Marlborough and south Westland in the South Island. The understory of forests populated by N. truncata may contain a variety of ferns and other understory vegetation; characteristic understory elements may include Crown Fern and Drooping Spleenwort.
The coriaceous, broadly ovate leaves range from 2.5 to 4 cm long, and have from 8 to 12 pairs of coarse blunt teeth. The slate to dark grey bark is thick and furrowed.
- John Dawson and R. Lucas. 2000. The Nature Guide to the New Zealand Forest, Godwit Publishing
- Flora of New Zealand. 2007. Nothofagus truncata. Accessed 2010-10-04.
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Crown Fern: Blechnum discolor, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
- New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, URL:Nothofagus truncata. Accessed 2010-10-04.
- Flora of New Zealand. 2007
- John Dawson and R. Lucas. 2000
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009
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