Notiomastodon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Notiomastodon
Temporal range: Pleistocene, 1.81–0.78Ma
Notiomastodon.jpg
Restoration
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Gomphotheriidae
Genus: Notiomastodon
Cabrera, 1929

Notiomastodon is an extinct genus of proboscidea[1] endemic to South America[2] during the Pleistocene from 1.810 Ma—780,000 years ago, living for approximately 1.019 million years.[3]

It had two tusks on either side of a trunk like other members of Gomphotheriidae. Its apparent range was the central to southern continent with fossils recovered in Tarija Province, Bolivia.[4] It would have probably shared its habitat with Haplomastodon based on genus age of existence and geography.

Their diet consisted mainly of C3 and C4 grass.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

Notiomastodon was named by Cabrera (1929). It is not extant. It was assigned to Gomphotheriidae by Carroll (1988).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shoshani, Jeheskel; Tassy, Pascal (2005). "Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior". Quaternary International. 126-128: 5–20. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.011. ISSN 1040-6182. 
  2. ^ Mothé, Dimila; Avilla, Leonardo S.; Cozzuol, Mario A. (2012). "The South American Gomphotheres (Mammalia, Proboscidea, Gomphotheriidae): Taxonomy, Phylogeny, and Biogeography". Journal of Mammalian Evolution. doi:10.1007/s10914-012-9192-3. ISSN 1064-7554. 
  3. ^ Paleobiology database: Notiomastodon basic info
  4. ^ L. G. Marshall and T. Sempere. 1991. The Eocene to Pleistocene vertebrates of Bolivia and their stratigraphic context: a review. Fósiles y Facies de Bolivia - Vol. 1 Vertebrados (Revista Ténica de YPFB) 12(3-4):631-652
  5. ^ Asevedo, Lidiane; Winck, Gisele R.; Mothé, Dimila; Avilla, Leonardo S. (2012). "Ancient diet of the Pleistocene gomphothere Notiomastodon platensis (Mammalia, Proboscidea, Gomphotheriidae) from lowland mid-latitudes of South America: Stereomicrowear and tooth calculus analyses combined". Quaternary International 255: 42–52. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.08.037. ISSN 1040-6182.