Notothenia

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Notothenia
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod).gif
Black cod, (N. microlepidota)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Superclass: Osteichthyes
Class: Actinopterygii
Subclass: Neopterygii
Infraclass: Teleostei
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Notothenioidei
Family: Nototheniidae
Genus: Notothenia
J. Richardson, 1844
Type species
Notothenia coriiceps
J. Richardson, 1844
Synonyms
  • Macronotothen T. N. Gill, 1862
  • Indonotothenia Balushkin, 1984

Notothenia is a genus of cod icefishes native to the Southern Ocean and other waters around Antarctica. These fish have some adaptations that allow them to thrive in such inhospitable habitat, like antifreeze proteins in their blood and ample fat to insulate them against heat loss and to offset their lack of a swim bladder.

Species[edit]

There are currently seven recognized species in this genus:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Notothenia in FishBase. February 2014 version.