Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette, Quebec

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Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette
Municipality
ND Salette QC 2.JPG
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM.
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM.
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette is located in Western Quebec
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°46′N 75°35′W / 45.767°N 75.583°W / 45.767; -75.583Coordinates: 45°46′N 75°35′W / 45.767°N 75.583°W / 45.767; -75.583[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais
Settled 1845
Constituted May 17, 1979
Government[2]
 • Mayor Daniel Malette
 • Federal riding Pontiac
 • Prov. riding Papineau
Area[2][3]
 • Total 117.10 km2 (45.21 sq mi)
 • Land 114.30 km2 (44.13 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 757
 • Density 6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 2.2%
 • Dwellings 447
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0X 2L0
Area code(s) 819
Highways Route 309
Website www.notredame
delasalette.ca
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette and the Lièvre River.

Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette is a municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada. It is part of the Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality, straddling the eastern banks of the Du Lièvre River.

History[edit]

In 1841, the Township of Portland, named after the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England, was formed. From 1845 on, it was colonized by Irish and French Canadians, followed by Norwegians in 1860. A year later in 1861, the township was reorganized as a township municipality. A post office followed in 1883. French priests established a parish in 1905, named after the French pilgrimage location Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette.[4]

During the early morning hours of April 26, 1908, a deadly landslide killed at least 34 people while sending 15 homes into the Lievre River including the residence of then-mayor Camille Lapointe. As the river was blocked by mud and land, a wave was sent into the village damaging or destroying several other structures. The toll could have been larger as a few years before the event the closure of a mine forced over 200 families to leave the village. Other major landslides were recorded in the village, twice in 1900 and in 1912 where several key infrastructures were demolished and swept away. A major fire also destroyed a large section of the village in 1903.[5]

In 1966, Portland was renamed to Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette. On January 1, 1975, it was merged into a new City of Buckingham. But because of public outcry, this merger didn't last long. In 1980, Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette regained its municipal autonomy.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[6]

  • Population in 2011: 757
  • Population in 2006: 774
  • Population in 2001: 706
    • 2001 to 2006 population change: 9.6%
  • Population in 1996: 678
  • Population in 1991: 658

Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 332

Languages:

  • English as first language: 20%
  • French as first language: 78%
  • Other as first language: 2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 98673 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 82010 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2482010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  5. ^ "Un village en plein cauchemar". Le Droit. April 26, 2008. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census