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Notropis leuciodus crop.jpg
Notropis leuciodus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Notropis
Rafinesque, 1818

See text.



Notropis is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as eastern shiners.[1] They are native to North America.[2]

A 1997 phylogenetic analysis placed the genus in a clade with Campostoma, Cyprinella, Phenacobius, Platygobio, and Rhinichthys.[3] The systematics of the genus is still unclear. It has not been confirmed to be monophyletic. While it has been divided into several subgenera and species groups, the relationships between the taxa are not yet understood.[4]


There are currently 91 recognized species in this genus:[5]


  1. ^ Notropis. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  2. ^ McAllister, C. T., et al. (2009). New distribution records for three species of Notropis (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from large rivers of Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 63, 192.
  3. ^ Simons, A. M. and R. Mayden. (1997). Phylogenetic relationships of the creek chubs and the spine-fins: an enigmatic group of North American cyprinid fishes (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Cladistics 13(3), 187-205.
  4. ^ Cashner, M. F., et al. (2011). Phylogenetic relationships of the North American cyprinid subgenus Hydrophlox. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59(3), 725-35.
  5. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Notropis in FishBase. October 2012 version.
  6. ^ Lyons, J. and N. Mercado-Silva. (2004). Notropis calabazas (Teleostei; Cyprinidae): new species from the Río Pánuco basin of central Mexico. Copeia 2004(4) 868-75.
  7. ^ a b Domínguez-Domínguez, O., et al. (2009). Two new species of the genus Notropis Rafinesque, 1817 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from the Lerma River Basin in Central Mexico. Hidrobiológica 19(2), 159-72.